The growing competition in Brazilian science: rites of passage, stress and burnout. L. de Meis, A. Velloso, D. Lannes, M.S. Carmo and C. de Meis. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, 36 (9): 1135, 2003.

Figure 4. Evaluation of graduate courses in Brazil in 2001 in government (open circles) and private universities (filled circles). A total of 1,544 graduate courses were rated from level 1 to 7 by CAPES (Coordenação e Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior), including 1,343 from government and 201 from private universities. Source: CAPES.