ISSN 0102-6720 printed version
Scope and policy
ABCD – ARQUIVOS BRASILEIROS de CIRURGIA DIGESTIVA, the official publication of the Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva – CBCD (Brazilian College of Digestive Surgery), is a quarterly Journal, published in a single volume per year, whose mission is the publication of articles of clinical and experimental studies that foster the advancement of the research, teaching and assistance in surgical, clinical, and endoscopic gastroenterology, and related areas. Its main sections are original articles, review or update articles, case reports, editorials (solicited) and letters to the Editor. Other sections may be included, depending on the interest of the Journal or the need to publish relevant subject matters not suitable for the categories above.
Form and preparation of manuscripts
The manuscripts must be submitted for publication exclusively to the ABCD and report on original work; they cannot have been published previously in a similar format. Every subject matter involving human or animal research must have the previous approval of the Research Ethics Committee of the institution where the research was conducted or another local or regional institution if there is no such committee at the institution where it was conducted. In compliance with current guidelines for good practice in human research, the patients enrolled in the study must sign an informed consent form.
The ABCD supports the policies for the registration of clinical trials of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), as it acknowledges the importance of such initiatives to the registration and international dissemination of information in publicly accessible clinical studies. As of 2007, articles reporting on randomized controlled trials and clinical trials will only be accepted for publication if they have been assigned an identification number in one of the Clinical Trials Registries validated by the criteria put forth by the WHO and ICMJE and whose URLs are available from the ICMJE website (www.icmje.org). The identification number should be included at the end of the abstract.
The manuscripts, in Portuguese or English, should be submitted in electronic form by email to firstname.lastname@example.org (phone +55 0 xx 41 3240-5488). The author(s) will receive an email to acknowledge receipt of the manuscript and to notify that it was forwarded to editorial analysis. This confirmation is no guarantee of the publication of the manuscript. The writing of the manuscripts must conform to the format chosen by the author among the ABCD sections, which are detailed further on.
The manuscripts must be typewritten in 12-point Arial font, single-spaced throughout. The pages should be numbered consecutively beginning on the title page. The maximum length of the manuscript, including references, tables and figures, must not exceed 15 pages for original and review articles, five pages for case reports and editorials, and two pages for letters to the Editor (these should not contain tables and figures). Tables and figures should be placed immediately following their mention in the text, not at the end of the manuscript. The authors or advertisers are fully responsible for all concepts and scientific assertions expressed in the articles or printed advertisements. In order to standardize the usage of medical terminology, the authors should use the Terminologia Anatomica, São Paulo, Editora Manole, 1ªEd., 2001 for the anatomical terms. It is the ABCD's prerogative to do so if the author(s) have not complied.
Every manuscript submitted for publication, written concisely and in the third-person singular or plural throughout, must consist of the frontmatter/backmatter and the body of the text.
These must comprise: 1) the title of the manuscript in Portuguese and English; 2) the full name(s) of the author(s); 3) the location(s) where the study was conducted, clearly stating the institution(s) involved, city, state and country; 4) the name and e-mail address of the corresponding author; 5) the acknowledgements after the conclusions, if applicable; 6) an abstract in Portuguese, which should not contain abbreviations, acronyms or references nor exceed 300 words, organized in a single paragraph and structured thus: original article – rationale, aim, method(s), results and conclusion(s); case report – introduction, aim (optional), case report and conclusion(s); review article – introduction, aim (optional), methods (which should mention how many articles were selected, the descriptors used and which databases were searched ) with a summary of the text subheadings and a conclusion; 7) an abstract in English, containing the same headings and scientific data and in the same style as the Portuguese version, structured as follows: original article – background, aim, method(s), results, conclusion; case report – background, aim (optional), case report, conclusion; review article – background, objective (optional), method, conclusion; 8) headings in Portuguese, listing up to five key words included in the Descritores de Ciências da Saúde – DeCS at http://decs.bvs.br/ or from the MESH website at www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/meshhome.html (please note: key words not included in the DeCS/MESH will not be accepted); 9) headings (key words in English) as they appear in the DeCS or MESH.
BODY OF THE MANUSCRIPT
Abbreviations are discouraged, and should be used only for technical terms repeated more than ten times throughout the text. They should come in parentheses at first mention, and thereafter only the abbreviations should be used. The structure of the text must conform to the following guidelines:
original articles – introduction (the last paragraph of which will be the objective), methods, results, discussion, conclusion(s) (if the article has no conclusions, the final recommendation can be stated in the last paragraph of the discussion section) and references;
review articles – introduction, methods (cite the key words and databases searched and the span of time covered), review of the literature (the review can be divided into sub-topics in order to group the findings together; the authors' experience can be included), conclusion(s) (summary of the current trends) and references;
editorials – these should be written by invitation of the Editorial Board;
case reports – introduction, case report, discussion (with a review of the literature, if there is any), conclusion and references;
letters to the Editor – clear writing on the commentary intended for publication in no more than three pages, which may or may not include references;
references – must conform to the Vancouver guidelines (Ann Inter Med 1997; 126:36-47 or at www.icmje.org - items IV.A.9 and V). Up to 30 reference entries will be accepted for original and review articles, and no more than 15 for case reports. List the references alphabetically by the first author's last name and number them in consecutive Arabic numerals. In text citation, use the superscript reference number. The Journal titles must be referenced in their abbreviated form according to the List of Journals Indexed in Index Medicus.
The text of the manuscript should be self-explanatory, i.e., it should provide clear interpretation and synthesis of the data without the need for the reader to refer to the graphs, tables, charts or figures. Results must be both presented in the tables and described in the text. Tables, graphs, charts and figures should also be self-explanatory, i.e., if readers wish to proceed with the reading of the article only by following them, in the end they should be able to interpret the results in the same way as they would if they had read only the text.
GRAPHS, CHARTS, TABLES AND FIGURES
In addition to the text, graphs, charts, tables and figures can be submitted, and should be referred to at the point where they are needed in the manuscript – either parenthetically or in the body of the text –, and should be placed immediately following their mention in the text and not at the end of the paper. Special care should be taken to avoid duplication, e.g., a graph showing the same information as a table. In that case, the reviewer of the article will suggest to the Editor the exclusion of whichever is found redundant.
Graphs and charts should be submitted in black and white, numbered in Arabic numerals. Titles and legends should be placed in the footnote.
Tables should be numbered in Arabic numerals, with the title above the table and the explanations for the symbols and abbreviations in the footnote.
Figures, numbered in Arabic numerals, are photographs or line art (maximum of six), and should be submitted with a minimum resolution of 300 dpi in black and white (color figures are paid for by the authors). The title and legends should be placed in the footnote. Figures that have been previously published must be cited with the author's permission.
The studies submitted to the ABCD are forwarded to two reviewers of recognized expertise in the subject matter, who are chosen by the Editorial Board of the Journal (peer-review) and instructed to verify the relevance of the medical contribution of the article, its originality, the validity of the methods employed, the validity of the results, and the formal aspect of the writing. Anonymity is ensured throughout the review process. The rejected manuscripts will be returned. The approved manuscripts and those accepted under certain conditions may be returned to the authors for approval of occasional major alterations made in the review process and editing that could change the meaning of the text content.
MANDATORY CONDITIONS (READ CAREFULLY)
It is expressed that, with the electronic submission, the author(s) certify(ies) that: 1) there are no conflicts of interest involved in the article, in compliance with CFM Resolution No.1595/2000, which forbids the publication of papers and content aimed at promoting products and/or medical equipment; 2) there is no funding source; 3) the manuscript was submitted to, and approved by a Research Ethics Committee; 4) the author(s) transfer(s) the copyright for publication to the ABCD, and 5) the author(s) authorize(s) the Editor-in-Chief and/or the Editorial Board of the Journal to carry out alterations in the submitted text so as to conform to the style of the ABCD, which may involve eliminating redundancies, removing tables and/or figures deemed unnecessary for the full comprehension of the text, provided that such changes do not alter its meaning. If there is disagreement regarding these premises, the authors should write a letter stating the point of divergence; the ABCD will then analyze whether the article can be forwarded for publication or should be returned to the authors. If conflicts of interest exist, they must be disclosed at the end of the references with the note: “The author(s) (cite name(s)) received a research grant from the company (cite name) for the accomplishment of the present study”. If there is a funding source, it must be disclosed as well, at the same place in the manuscript.
ABCD - ARQUIVOS BRASILEIROS de CIRURGIA
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