The Journal requires that all manuscripts be submitted in a single-column format that follows these guidelines:
• The manuscript must be submitted in MS-Word format.
• All text should be double-spaced with 2cm margins on both sides using 11-point type in Times Roman or Arial font.
•All lines should be numbered throughout the entire manuscript and the entire document should be paginated.
•All tables and figures must be placed after the text and must be labeled. Submitted papers must be complete, including the title page, abstract, figures, and tables. Papers submitted without all of these components will be placed on hold until the manuscript is complete.
All submissions must include:
• A cover letter requesting that the manuscript be evaluated for publication in ABE&M and any information relevant to your manuscript. Elsewhere on the submission form authors may suggest up to three specific reviewers and/or request the exclusion of up to three others.
The manuscript must be presented in the following order:
1. Title page.
2. Structured Abstract (or summary for case reports).
3. Main text.
4. Tables and Figures. They must be cited in the main text in numerical order.
6. Funding statement, competing interests and any grants or fellowships supporting the writing of the paper
7. Reference list.
The title page must contain the following information:
1. Title of the article (a concise statement of the article's major contents).
2. Full names, departments, institutions, city and country of all co-authors.
3. Full name, postal address, e-mail, telephone and fax numbers of the corresponding author.
4. Abbreviated title of not more than 40 characters for page headings
5. Up to five keywords or phrases suitable for use in an index (it is recommended to use MeSH terms).
6. Word count - excluding title page, abstract, references, figures and tables.
7. Article type
All Original Articles, Brief Reports, Reviews, Case Reports should be submitted with structured abstracts of no more than 250 words. The abstract must be self-contained and clear without reference to the text and should be written for a general journal readership. The abstract format should include four sections that reflect the section headings in the main text. All information reported in the abstract must appear in the manuscript. Please use complete sentences for all sections of the abstract.
The article should begin with a brief introductory statement that places the work to follow in historical perspective and explains its intent and significance.
Materials and Methods
These should be described and referenced in sufficient detail for other investigators to repeat the work. The source of hormones, unusual chemicals and reagents, and special pieces of apparatus should be stated. For modified methods, only the modifications need be described.
Results and Discussion
The Results section should briefly present the experimental data in text, tables, and/or figures. For details on preparation of tables and figures, see below. The Discussion should focus on the interpretation and significance of the findings with concise objective comments that describe their relation to other work in that area. The Discussion should not reiterate the Results.
The ABE&M ascribes to the authorship and contributorship guidelines defined by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (www.ICMJE.org). Unrestricted joint authorship is allowed. A maximum of two corresponding authors is allowed.
The uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to medical journals state that authorship credit should be based only on substantial contribution to:
1. conception and design, or analysis and interpretation of data
2. drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content
3. and final approval of the version to be published.
All these conditions must all be met. The corresponding author is responsible for ensuring that all appropriate contributors are listed as authors and that all authors have agreed to the manuscript’s content and its submission to ABE&M.
Conflict of interest
A conflict-of-interest statement for all authors must be included in the main document, following the text, in the Acknowledgments section. If authors have no relevant conflict of interest to disclose, it should be indicated in the Acknowledgments section.
The Acknowledgments section should include the names of those people who contributed to a study but did not meet the requirements for authorship. The corresponding author is responsible for informing each person listed in the acknowledgment section that they have been included and providing them with a description of their contribution so they know the activity for which they are considered responsible. Each person listed in the acknowledgments must give permission - in writing, if possible - for the use of his or her name. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to collect this information.
References to the literature should be cited in numerical order (in parentheses) in the text and listed in the same numerical order at the end of the manuscript on a separate page or pages. The author is responsible for the accuracy of references. The number of references cited should be limited, as indicated above for each category of submission.
Tables should be submitted in the same format as your article (Word) and not another format. Please note: we cannot accept tables as Excel files within the manuscript. Tables should be self-explanatory and the data they contain must not be duplicated in the text or figures. Tables must be constructed as simply as possible and be intelligible without reference to the text. Each table must have a concise heading. A description of experimental conditions may appear together with footnotes at the foot of the table. Tables must not simply duplicate the text or figures.
Figures and Legends
All figures must display the figure number. Sizing the figure: The author is responsible for providing digital art that has been properly sized, cropped, and has adequate space between images. All color figures will be reproduced in full color in the online edition of the journal at no cost to the authors. Authors are requested to pay the cost of reproducing color figures in print (upon acceptance of the manuscript, the publisher will provide price quotes).
TheABE&M strongly prefers to publish unmasked patient photos. We encourage all prospective authors to work with families prior to submission to address the issue of permission for review and possible publication of patient images. If your submission contains ANY identifiable patient images or other protected health information, you MUST provide documented permission from the patient (or the patient’s parent, guardian, or legal representative) before the specific material will be circulated among editors, reviewers and staff for the purpose of possible publication in ABE&M. If it is necessary to identify an individual, use a numerical designation (e.g. Patient 1) rather than using any other identifying notations such as initials.
Units of Measure
Results should be expressed in metric units. Temperature should be expressed in degrees Celsius and time of day using the 24-hour clock (e.g., 0800 h, 1500 h).
All abbreviations in the text must be defined immediately after the first use of the abbreviation.
To be considered, all clinical investigations described in submitted manuscripts must have been conducted in accordance with the guidelines in The Declaration of Helsinki and must have been formally approved by the appropriate institutional review committees or its equivalent.
The study populations should be described in detail.
Subjects must be identified only by number or letter, not by initials or names. Photographs of patients' faces should be included only if scientifically relevant. Authors must obtain written consent from the patient for use of such photographs. For further details, see the Ethical Guidelines.
Investigators must disclose potential conflict of interest to study participants and should indicate in the manuscript that they have done so.
A statement confirming that all animal experimentation described in the submitted manuscript was conducted in accord with accepted standards of humane animal care, as outlined in the Ethical Guidelines, should be included in the manuscript.
Molecular Genetic Description
• Use standard terminology for variants, providing rs numbers for all variants reported. These can be easily derived for novel variants uncovered by the study. Where rs numbers are provided, the details of the assay (primer sequences, PCR conditions, etc.) should be described very concisely.
• Pedigrees should be drawn according to published standards (See Bennett et al. J Genet Counsel (2008) 17:424–433 - DOI 10.1007/s10897-008-9169-9).
- For genes, use genetic notation and symbols approved by the HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee (HGNC) – (http://www.genenames.org/).
- For mutation nomeclature please use the nomenclature guidelines suggested by the Human Genome Variation Society (http://www.hgvs.org/mutnomen/)
- Provide information and a discussion of departures from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE). The calculation of HWE may help uncover genotyping errors and impact on downstream analytical methods that assume HWE.
- Provide raw genotype frequencies in addition to allele frequencies. It is also desirable to provide haplotype frequencies.
- Whenever possible, drugs should be given their approved generic name. Where a proprietary (brand) name is used, it should begin with a capital letter.
- Acronyms should be used sparingly and fully explained when first used.