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Preparation of Manuscripts

The electronic journal Cadernos EBAPE.BR publishes scientific articles and book reviews in Portuguese, English, Spanish and French, in accordance with the editorial policy

Articles and book reviews should be submitted in accordance with the following guidelines:

Number of submissions: the editorial policy of Cadernos EBAPE.BR limits the number of submissions per author to two per year, irrespective of contribution to the authorship; modified versions of rejected articles are also not eligible for submission.

Number of authors: the maximum number of authors per article is 5; no alterations to authorship are permitted (removal, inclusion or substitution) after an online submission has been made. Requests to change authorship will result in the article being shelved.

Identification of authors and co-authors: submitted articles should not identify the author or co-authors. If it is possible to identify the author in the text, the article will be shelved.

The authors should be identified in a separate file containing the title of the work, the full name(s) of the author(s), the institution(s) with which they are connected, the position(s) they hold, an e-mail address and academic background. When a work has been written by more than one author, their names should be listed according to their contribution to the article.

Overlapping publication: the publication of two articles with considerable overlapping is not acceptable, even in different academic journals. Several publications with a single set of data can only be permitted: (a) if it is not possible to write a single article in a maximum of 30 pages; and (b) if the articles have different purposes and approaches. The editor must be informed upon submission if the article is in some form available online.

Originality of the article: articles and reviews submitted should be unpublished elsewhere, either in Brazil or overseas, and should not be under consideration for publication through any other media outlet.

The content of submitted articles is the sole responsibility of the author(s).When submitting an article, the authors guarantee that there is no violation of copyright or any other right of third parties. Articles may be cited without prior authorization provided that the source is clearly identified.

Articles will only be forwarded for blind review by members of the editorial commitee if they have been submitted through the online submission system. The same procedure applies for the submission of book reviews.

Book reviews are critiques of national or international books and scientific publications or publications of scientific interest in the field of Administration. A review should summarize, analyze, compare and criticize the work in question, thereby constituting a theoretical or scientific contribution to the field. In this sense, a review does not only mention the publication or existence of the work, but should offer some contribution either to the field or theme in question by way of critical analysis.

The first page should contain the title, names of the authors and publishing data of the reviewed work (location, publisher, year of publication, number of pages and ISBN) without identifying the author of the review. The review should be no longer than three pages and should include a scan of the book cover on the last page.

When an article or review is accepted for publication, the copyright (including translation rights) are ceded by the author(s) to Cadernos EBAPE.BR.

The Cadernos EBAPE.BR do not charge any publishing fee (Article Processing Charges - APC), submission or publication rate of papers to the authors.

The Journal uses the similarity verification software of content - Plagiarism (iThenticate) in all papers submitted to the journal.

OPEN ACCESS POLICY (Open Journal Systems - OJS)
This site uses Open Journal Systems, which is open source journal management and publishing software developed, supported, and freely distributed by the Public Knowledge Project under the GNU General Public License.

Papers approved in Desk Review stage will be submitted to blind peer review evaluation being analyzed by at least two external referees blindly (without identification of authorship and reviewers). The Cadernos EBAPE.BR editorial flowchart is available on the link:

Articles and book reviews should be submitted in accordance with the following standardization guidelines:


Paper: A-4 (29.7 x 21 cm).
Margins: upper: 3cm; lower: 2cm; right: 2cm; left: 3cm.
Word processor: Word for Windows 6.0 or later version.
Font: Times New Roman, size 12.
Spacing: single (including titles, abstract, text, citations and references).
Paragraphs: justified alignment: flush left and right.
Number of pages: The text must have up to 8.000 words, including abstracts, key-words, tables, illustrations, notes, appendices and references.

1. Structure of the article:

The manuscript (containing the body of the text which will be submitted in the main file) should be formatted as follows.

  • Title of the article - Must contain the title in Portuguese, English and Spanish, and the first is in the language of the paper is written; only the first word and proper names should start with a capital letter. On the following line, there should be an English and Spanish translation of the title if the article is in Portuguese. Article written in English must provide translation to Portuguese followed by the Spanish. Article written in Spanish must present English translation, followed by the Portuguese.
  • Resumo, abstract e resumén:  should contain at most 250 words and should include the objective, approach, methodology, results and conclusions in a single paragraph, following the same order of the tittle languages.
  • Palavras-chave, keywords e palabras clave: minimum of three and maximum of five, beginning with a capital letter and separated by a full stop and in the correspondent idioms.
  • In the text - this should begin below the items outlined above, without page breaks. The conventional order of a theoretical and empirical scientific article should be an introduction, theoretical and reference framework, methodology, results and analysis, conclusion and references. Theoretical essays should be formatted in coherence with the approach adopted by the author.
  • References - the norms used by Cadernos EBAPE.BR are based on the ABNT NBR 6023/2002 and NBR 10520/2002.


The impact of leadership, management and power in an international knowledge-intensive organization

O impacto da liderança, gestão e poder em uma organização internacional intensiva em conhecimento

Los cambios climáticos y el calentamiento global: implicaciones para la gestión estratégica de las empresas






Palabras clave:

Body of the text: a text submitted by a single author may be written in the first person singular or impersonally; an article written by more than one author may be written in the first person plural or impersonally.

2. Textual elements

The titles of sections and sub-section should be in bold and should not be numbered:

Sections: the main words should begin with capital letters;
Example: Environmental Education in Companies

Sub-sections: only the first word should begin with a capital letter;
Example: Environmental education in companies

3. Footnotes

Footnotes should be avoided as much as possible. They should not distract the attention of the reader from the main text in order to focus on matters of secondary importance. If footnotes have to be used, they should be added at the foot of the page and numbered in sequence throughout the text. End notes are not permitted.

4. Punctuation and emphasis

Quotation marks: used only for metaphors, transcripts and quotes, to highlight words or expressions or to identify their meaning within the text.

Single quotation marks: used to isolate quotes that were in double quotation marks in their original source.

Brackets: used to isolate material in parenthesis and text inserted into a quotation by another author.

Bold type: only for titles of chapters, topics, tables/figures and to highlight words.

Underlining: should not be used to highlight words or phrases.

Italics: only for foreign words and terms, titles of books, journals, articles, theses, etc., when included in the body of the text.

5. Acronyms

When used for the first time, the whole name should be placed before the acronym, which should be in brackets. Further use of acronyms in the text does not require the full name. In sub-titles, an acronym should not be placed in brackets.


In the text: [...] European Union (EU).
In a subtitle: Social Technology (ST) WRONG

6. Abbreviations

When mentioned for the first time, the full form of the name precedes the abbreviation or acronym, which is placed in brackets.

(Chap. 2, v. 1, 2nd. ed., p. 6).
ed. (edition/edição)
Rev. Ed. (Revised edition/Edição revista)
ed. (Editor/Editors / Editor/Editores)
Org. (Organizer/Organizers - Organizador / Organizadores)
Colab. (Contributor / Colaborador)
Coord. (Coordinator / Coordenador)
Comp. (Compiler / Compilador)
Trad./Trads /Trans. (Translator/Translators - Tradutor/Tradutores)
s.d./n.d. (no date - sem data)
p. (page/pages - página/páginas)
v. (Volume/Volumes)
n. (Number - Número)
Supl./Suppl. (Supplement - Suplemento)

7. Quoting

Up to 5 lines: in double quotation marks. Single quotation marks are used for quotes within a quote.

According to Faria (2003, p. 32), "Pêcheux coined the term 'ideological background' [...]".

Over 5 lines: should be separated, in a smaller font than the text (size 10), without quotation marks and with an extra 4cm of left-hand margin.

Andrews (2006, p.78) conceives strategy as:

[...] a pattern of decisions whereby a company determines and reveals its goals, aims, purposes or objectives to produce the main policies and plans for achieving these goals and defining the scale of business in which the company should become involved, the type of economic and human organization that it intends to be and the nature of the economic and non-economic contributions it intends to make to consumers, shareholders and communities.

Condensing, adding and commenting: use square brackets with three dots in between [...].


In other words, it might be interesting to conduct empirical research in different environments [...], whose human, organizational and social aspects and elements are of greater importance when it comes to explaining the variance in the content of strategies, formation processes and their consequences, [...].

Emphasis on a section of a quote: any such quote should be followed by the expression "our emphasis" or "emphasis of the author".


"Cinema é arte, é diversão, é indústria e, desde o final do século passado, vem encantando pessoas de
todas as idades" (SILVA, 2000, p. 19, our emphasis).


References to other works in the text should obey the NBR 10520/2002 norm. All referenced works should be listed in the references; any works included in the references but which are not cited should be removed.

References should be listed at the end of the articles in alphabetical order and when an author is referenced more than once, his/her works should be listed chronologically in accordance with the NBR 6023/2002 norm.

In the standardization used by Cadernos EBAPE.BR concerning reference lists, the SURNAME of the author should be in capital letters, separated by a comma from the initials of the first name; highlighted items should be in bold (name of journals, title of books, annals, etc.; italics should not be used for highlighting).

1. Single authorship of the text

Examples in the text:

Para Gramsci (1978) uma concepção de mundo crítica e coerente pressupõe a plena consciência de nossa historicidade, da fase de desenvolvimento por ela representada [...].

Nesse universo, o poder decisório está centralizado nas mãos dos detentores do poder econômico e na dos tecnocratas dos organismos internacionais (DREIFUSS, 1996).

"E eles disseram 'globalização', e soubemos que era assim que chamavam a ordem absurda em que dinheiro é a única pátria à qual se serve e as fronteiras se diluem, não pela fraternidade, mas pelo sangramento que engorda poderosos sem nacionalidade." (A FLOR..., 1995, p. 4).

2. Single authorship in references

Examples in the list of references:

GRAMSCI, A. Dialectic Conception of History. 2nd. ed. Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira, 1978.

CONFEDERAÇÃO NACIONAL DA INDÚSTRIA (Brasil). Educação básica e formação profissional. Salvador, 1993.

3. Multiple authorship in references

Authors are identified by their surnames in capital letters followed by their initials and other surnames. This applies to the entire list of references. Names should be separated by a semi colon followed by a space.


2 authors: BEHRMAN, J.N.; GROSSE, R. International Business and Government. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1990.

3 authors: BODDEWYN, J.; TOYNE, B.; MARTÍNEZ, Z. The meanings of "International Management". Management International Review, v.44, n.2, 2004.p.195-212.

More than 3 authors: PETERSON, L. et al. Improvement in quantity and quality of prevention measurement of toddler injuries and parental interventions. Behavior Therapy, New York, v. 33, n. 2, 2002.p.271-297.

When there is a clear identification of responsibility for a set of works in anthologies by several authors, the reference should be to the one responsible followed by an abbreviation, in the singular, of the type of participation (organizer, compiler, editor, coordinator, etc.) in brackets.


MOSQUET, X.; BLAXILL, M. Organizing a global company, ed. STERN, C.; STALK, G. Perspectives on strategy. New York: John Wiley, 1996.

SILVA., E. B. (Coord.). Educação: escola e trabalho. São Paulo: Pioneira, 1984.

ABO, T. (Ed.). Hybrid factory: the Japanese production system in the United States. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.

4. Whole monographs in print and electronic format

These include books and/or sources of information (manuals, guides, catalogues, encyclopedias, dictionaries, etc.) and the academic works (theses, dissertations, etc.). The essential elements are the author(s), title, edition, location, publisher and date of publication. When dealing with an electronic format (diskettes, CD ROM, website, etc.), information about the source should be added between < >, preceded by "Available at:" followed by the date the document was accessed or retrieved, preceded by "Retrieved on" plus date.


GOMES, L. G. Novela e sociedade no Brasil. Niterói: EdUFF, 1998.

IBICT. Manual de normas de editoração do IBICT. 2nd. ed. Brasília, DF, 1993. p.41.

KOOGAN, A.; HOUAISS, A. (Ed.). Enciclopédia e dicionário digital 98. Direção geral de André Koogan Breikmam. São Paulo: Delta: Estadão, 1998. 5 CD-ROM.

ALVES, C. Navio negreiro. [S.l.]: Virtual Books, 2000. Available at: <>. Retrieved on: 10 Jan, 2002.

5. Part of a printed or electronic monograph

The essential elements are the author(s), title of the part followed by "In:" and a complete reference of the whole monograph. At the end of the reference, the page number should be informed or another form of identifying the part in question. When in an electronic format, the same standards apply, adding the relevant information of the physical description of the format (diskette, CD ROM, website, etc.).


ROMANO, G. Imagens da juventude na era moderna. In: LEVI, G.; SCHMIDT, J. (Org.). História dos jovens 2. São Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 1996. p. 7-16.

MORFOLOGIA dos artrópodes. In: ENCICLOPÉDIA multimídia dos seres vivos. [S.l.]: Planeta DeAgostini, 1998. CD-ROM 9.

POLÍTICA. In: DICIONÁRIO da língua portuguesa. Lisboa: Priberam Informática, 1998. Available at: <>. Retrieved on 8 March, 1999.

6. Entire published periodicals

This includes a whole collection or an edition of a journal, periodical etc., and the material taken from an edition or volume of a periodical (scientific articles in journals, editorials, reports, sections, etc.). The essential elements to mention are the title, location of publication, publisher, dates of first and last publication, if applicable.



BOLETIM GEOGRÁFICO. Rio de Janeiro: IBGE, 1943-1978. Quarterly.

7. Parts of a journal, bulletin, etc.

These include a volume, edition, special edition or supplement without their own title. The essential elements to include are the title of the publication, location of publication, publisher, year number and/or volume, number of the edition, information about the periods covered and the date of publication.


MONEY: weekly business journal. São Paulo: Ed. Três, n. 148, 28 June, 2000. 98 p.

8. Article from a journal, bulletin, etc, in print or electronic

These include parts of periodicals (volumes, editions, special editions and supplements with their own title, editorials, reviews, reports, etc. The essential elements to include are the author(s), title of the part or section, article or report, title of the journal or other publication, location of publication, corresponding number of the volume and/or year, initial and final pages. When dealing with an article or report, the date or frequency of publication should be included and any form of identifying the part or section (if applicable). In the case of electronic sources, information should be provided about the physical description of the medium (CD ROM, diskette, website, etc.).


AS 500 maiores empresas do Brasil. Conjuntura Econômica, Rio de Janeiro, v. 38, n. 9, set.1984. Special edition.

COSTA, V. R. À margem da lei: o Programa Comunidade Solidária. Em Pauta: revista da Faculdade de Serviço Social da UERJ, Rio de Janeiro, n. 12, p. 131-148, 1998.

VIEIRA, C. L.; LOPES, M. A queda do cometa. Neo Interativa, Rio de Janeiro, n. 2, inverno 1994. 1 CD-ROM.

RIBEIRO, P. S. G. Adoção à brasileira: uma análise sociojurídica. Dataveni@, São Paulo, ano 3, n. 18, ago. 1998. Available at: <>. Retrieved on: 10 September, 1998.

9. Articles or other sources in a printed or electronic journal

These include editorials, interviews, book reviews, reports, etc. The essential elements are the author(s) (when applicable), title, name of the journal, location of publication, date of publication, section or part of the journal and corresponding page. When there is no section or part, the page of the article or material precedes the date. When dealing with an electronic journal, information should be provided concerning the physical description of the source (diskette, CD ROM, website, etc.).


LEAL, L. N. MP fiscaliza com autonomia total. Jornal do Brasil, Rio de Janeiro, p. 3, 25 abr. 1999.

KELLY, R. Electronic publishing at APS: it's not just online journalism. APS News Online, Los Angeles, Nov. 1996. Available at: <>. Retrieved on: 25 Nov. 1998.

10. Events in general published in print or in an electronic format

These include a set of documents as an end product of the event (minutes, annals, results, proceedings, etc.). The essential elements are the name of the event, its number (if applicable), year and location (city). This should be followed by the title of the document (annals, minutes, theme, etc.) and the information concerning location of publication, publisher and date of publication. For electronic formats, information about the format should be added.


IUFOST INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON CHEMICAL CHANGES DURING FOOD PROCESSING, 1984, Valencia. Proceedings...Valencia: Instituto de Agroquímica y Tecnología de Alimentos, 1984.

REUNIÃO ANUAL DA SOCIEDADE BRASILEIRA DE QUÍMICA, 20.,1997, Poços de Caldas. Chemistry: academia, industry, society: abstracts. São Paulo: Sociedade Brasileira de Química, 1997.

CONGRESSO DE INICIAÇÃO CIENTÍFICA DA UFPe, 4., 1996, Recife. Electronic annals.. Recife: UFPe, 1996. Available at: <>. Retrieved on 21 Jan, 1997.

11. Work presented at an event and published in print or electronically

For works presented at an event, the essential elements are: author(s), title of the presented work, followed by "In:", name of the event, number of the event (if applicable), year and location (city), title of the document (annals, minutes, abstract, etc., location, publisher, date of publication and initial and final pages of the pertinent section.


BRAYNER, A. R. A.; MEDEIROS, C. B. Incorporação do tempo em SGBD orientado a objetos. In: SIMPÓSIO BRASILEIRO DE BANCO DE DADOS, 9., 1994, São Paulo. Anais... São Paulo: USP, 1994. p. 16-29.

MARTIN NETO, L.; BAYER, C.; MIELNICZUK, J. Alterações qualitativas da matéria orgânica e os fatores determinantes da sua estabilidade num solo podzólico vermelho-escuro em diferentes sistemas de manejo. In: CONGRESSO BRASILEIRO DE CIÊNCIA DO SOLO, 26., 1997, Rio de Janeiro. Resumos... Rio de Janeiro: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, 1997. p. 443, ref. 6-141.

GUNCHO, M. R. A educação à distância e a biblioteca universitária. In: SEMINÁRIO DE BIBLIOTECAS UNIVERSITÁRIAS, 10., 1998, Fortaleza. Anais... Fortaleza: Tec Treina, 1998. 1 CD-ROM.

SILVA, R. N.; OLIVEIRA, R. Os limites pedagógicos do paradigma da qualidade total na educação. In: CONGRESSO DE INICIAÇÃO CIENTÍFICA DA UFPe, 4., 1996, Recife. Anais eletrônicos... Recife: UFPe, 1996. Available at: <>. Retrieved on: 21 Jan, 1997.

For other works such as patents, legal documents, motion pictures (films, DVDs), iconographic documents (illustrations, photographs, maps), documents that can only be accessed electronically, unknown authorship, series and collection, translated documents and others, the ABNT Technical Rule ABNT NBR 6023 applies.


Figures, tables and graphs should be placed within the body of the text near to where they are mentioned.

1. Format Tables

A table should present information in a summarized and secure way, offering a general view of a phenomenon. It should include the following fields:

Title: this comes before the table and identifies three factors of the phenomenon: (a) the period of time it refers to; (b) where the event occurred; and (c) the phenomenon that is described.

Header: is the upper part of the table that specifies the content of the columns.

Body of the table: is the space that contains the information concerning the phenomenon under study.

Source: is the entity responsible for gathering the information.

General note: A general note explains or provides further information on the table as a whole and explains any abbreviations or symbols used. It is designated by the word "note" and should be used to supply other sources of information that have been used in the table or if the whole table has been reproduced from another source.

Specific note: has to do with a particular column, line or item and should be indicated by superscript lower case letters (a, b, c).

Probability note: presents the results of significance texts and is indicated by an asterisk (*) or other superscript symbol.

For further information, consult: IBGE. Presentation Norms (Normas de apresentação tabular). 3. ed. Rio de Janeiro, 1993.


2. Format of Figures

Whatever their form (drawings, flowcharts, photographs, graphs, maps, organization charts, tables, portraits, etc.) figures must be identified in accordance with the diagramming used by Cadernos EBAPE.BR and this identification should appear on the upper part along with its designation (Figure; Chart; Graph) and its number in the correct order as it occurs in the text in Arabic numerals (Figure 1; Graph 1). On the following line, the respective title should be brief and clear, with the figure below it and its source typed below it in size 9 font and single spacing.

Title: comes before the figure and explains it.

Subtitles: these are an explanation of the symbols used in the figure and should be included within the borders of the figure.

Sizing: all figures should fit the dimensions of the journal. Therefore, a figure should be prepared or inserted in the article so that it can be reproduced within the width of a column or page of the journal to which it is to be submitted. All illustrations must be in high resolution and easy to read.

Source: is an indication of whoever was responsible for finding the information. For illustrations prepared by the author(s) the following text should be used:
_______Source: Prepared by the authors.
_______Source: Photo taken by the author(s) on (DATE).


Figure 1

Relationship between work-study-play


Sending of manuscripts

Articles should be submitted using the online submission system at:


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