ISSN 0073-2877 printed version
ISSN 2236-8906 on-line version



Scope and Policy

Hoehnea publishes original articles, reviews and scientific notes in all areas of Botany and Mycology (Anatomy, Cell Biology, Molecular Biology, Biochemistry, Ecology, Phylogeny, Physiology, Genetics, Morphology, Taxonomy and Palynology) in Portuguese, Spanish or English. Reviews articles are accepted exceptionally under the Editorial Board criteria and should contain critical analysis of the main subject and don't be restricted to bibliographic compilations. Scientific notes must have relevant technical or scientific advances.


Form and preparation of manuscripts

Manuscript should be prepared using MS Word for Windows 6.0 or latest versions. Use A4 paper (297 × 210 mm), 2 cm margins on all sides; Times New Roman  12 pt font, for all text; double-space throughout; justified right margin. Number pages consecutively, avoiding footnotes. Manuscript should not exceed 100 printed pages, including tables and figures. Scientific notes should not exceed five pages.

First page:  title in bold and only the initials in capital letters; use authors' full names, capitalizing initials. Affiliation, complete addresses and corresponding author's e-mail address should be as footnotes, indicated by superscript numbering. Running title should come below. Grants should be included in the Acknowledgements.  Manuscript should contain only the essential information for its understanding, and be rigorously prepared according to the guidelines.

Second page: should contain ABSTRACT and RESUMO (or RESUMEN), beginning with the title of the paper in the corresponding language in parenthesis. It should not exceed 150 words in a single paragraph. Key words and palavras-chave (or palabras clave), up to four words separated by comma, without period, and in alphabetic order. Do not use words that have been used in the title.

Text: start in a new page. Chapter titles should be written centralized, in bold and only the initials in capital letters, as follows: Introduction, Material and methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments, and Literature cited. Results and Discussion may be combined. Use italic for scientific names.

Authors of scientific names should be abbreviated according to Brummitt & Powell (1992). Abbreviations of books must follow the Taxonomic Literature (TL-2) and for periodicals the Botanico-Periodicum-Huntianum/Supplementum (B-P-H/S).

Figures and tables: must be consecutively numbered with Arabic numerals in the order in which they are mentioned in the text. Do not use abbreviations when referred to in the text. In taxonomy papers, cite taxa figures as follows:

Bauhinia platypetala Burch. ex Benth.  in Mart, Fl. Bras. 15(2): 198. 1870 ≡ Bauhinia forficata Link var. platypetala (Burch. ex Benth.) Wunderlein, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60(2): 571. 1973.

Tipo: BRASIL. Tocantis: Natividade, s.d., G. Gardner 3118 (síntipo OFX).

Figures 7-8

References in the text: should be cited using the author-data system, with initials in capital letters; when in the same set of citations, use chronological order; when two authors, link names with &; when more than two, mention the first, followed by  et al. For papers published in the same year by the same  author or combination of authors, use letters following year of publication (e.g.:1994a, b). References to unpublished results or submitted papers should appear as follows: (Capelari, unpublished data).

Herbarium specimens: cite herbarium material according to the following model: BRAZIL. São Paulo: São Paulo, Parque Estadual das Fontes do Ipiranga, collection date (e.g.: 10-IX-1900),  collector name plus collect number  (herbarium acronym). Cite only herbarium acronym when a collector number is cited; when collector number is not provided, cite the herbarium acronym followed by the herbarium registration number [(e.g.: (SP250874)].

Symbols and abbreviations: when first mentioned, must be written in full, followed by the symbol or abbreviation between parentheses.

Numbers and units: write out one through nine unless a measurement, a designator, or in a range (e.g., four petals, 3 mm, 6 yr, 5–11 species, day 2); Use Standard International (SI) units throughout the text, figures, and tables; use abbreviations of units of measurements whenever possible; for composed units, use exponentials instead of bars (ex.: mg day-1 instead of mg/day, μg L-1 instead of μg/L), leaving a space between number and unit; do not insert spaces in coordinates (ex.: 23º46'S and 46º18'W).

Literature cited: list the authors in bold letters and in alphabetical order, capitalizing only the initials; papers by the same author or combination of authors should follow chronological order. Full periodical names should be used; do not cite conference abstracts, graduation monograph or articles in press. Avoid citing dissertations and thesis. Adopt the format used in the examples below.

Benjamin, L. 1847. Utriculariae. In: C.F.P. Martius (ed.). Flora Brasiliensis. Typographia Regia, Monachii, v. 10, pp. 229-256, t. 20-22.

Cronquist, A. 1981. An integrated system of classification of flowering plants. 2 ed. New York Botanical Garden, New York. 
Ettl, H. 1983. Chlorophyta, I. Phytomonadina.  In: H. Ettl, J. Gerloff, H. Heynig & D. Mollenhauer (eds.). Süswasser Flora von Mitteleuropa, Band 9. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Sttutgart, pp. 1-809.

Giannotti, E. & Leitão Filho, H.F. 1992. Composição florística do cerrado da Estação Experimental de Itirapina (SP). In: R.R. Sharif (ed.). Anais do 8º Congresso da Sociedade Botânica de São Paulo, Campinas, pp. 21-25.

Heywood, V.H.  1971. The Leguminosae  -  a systematic review.  In: J.B. Harbone, D. Boulter & B.L. Turner (eds.). Chemotaxonomy of the Leguminosae. Academic Press, London, pp. 1-29.

IPT. 1992. Unidades de conservação e áreas correlatas no Estado de São Paulo. Instituto de Pesquisas Tecnológicas, São Paulo. 
Poorter, H. 2002. Plant growth and carbon economy. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. (acesso em 20.11.2004).

Pôrto, K.C., Gradstein, S.R., Yano, O., Germano, S.R. & Costa, D.P. 1999. New an interesting records of Brazilian bryophytes. Tropical Bryology 17: 39-45.

Trufem, S.F.B. 1988. Fungos micorrízicos vesículo-arbusculares da Ilha do Cardoso, SP, Brasil. Tese de Doutorado, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo.

Veasey, E.A. & Martins, P.S.  1991. Variability in seed dormancy and germination potencial in Desmidium Desv. (Leguminosae). Revista de Genética 14: 527-545.

Tables: use design resources and table formatting of Word for Windows and present tables in separate pages. Do not insert vertical lines; horizontal lines should be used only in headings and to close the table. Titles should be concise and inserted in the upper part, starting with "Table", followed by Arabic numbers in order they are mentioned in the text (e.g.: table 1., table 2.). Avoid abbreviations (if inevitable, add meaning). For tables covering more than one page, add "Table 1. (cont.)" in the upper left corner of the following page, repeating the heading but not the caption. Manuscripts in Portuguese or Spanish should include also table captions in English.

Figures: present original figures accompanied by a set of three copies. Figures or group of figures should be presented in separate pages, identified in the back with author's name written in pencil; legends should be listed in sequence in a separate page. Each figure (photograph, drawing, graph, map or scheme) should be numbered with Arabic numerals in the order in which they are mentioned in the text; small letters can be used to subdivide figures; figure numbers or letters should be placed, whenever possible, on the low right corner. The maximum length of each figure or group of figures should be 230 mm, including the legend; width can be adjusted to one (81 mm) or two (172 mm) columns. The originals should be prepared on the final size or be proportional to a maximum of two times the publication size (the dimensions of the printed page are 230 mm long and 172 mm wide). Plates containing original ink drawings should be presented on a good quality white/drawing paper. Only good quality, black and white figures will be accepted. Colored figures are published on the author's expenses. Magnifications (metric system) must be indicated with scale bars clearly shown in the left side of the figures. Use Times New Roman in legends of figures and graphics. Digital figures could be accepted in .tif format with a minimum resolution of 600 dpi and must not be embedded in MS Word or Power Point. Figures with low quality or out of proportion will not be accepted. Manuscripts in Portuguese or Spanish should include also figure captions in English.

Additional information

All articles are reviewed by at least two referees.

The editor-in-chief and assistant editors, with the assistance of the referees, will decide about acceptance for publication, and will advise modifications on the articles.

The authors are responsible for the opinions and concepts emitted in the article.
These instructions are also available at the web site:


Send of the manuscripts

Manuscripts should consist of a single document (doc or rtf), tables with figures in low resolution (150 dpi) attached at the end of the document and three copies must be sent to:

Hoehnea - editor, Institute of Botany, PO Box 68041, 04045-972, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

Or the digital version to:

After review, once accepted for publication, the editor will request tables and original artwork in high resolution. The maximum height to figure or figures on the printing group is 230 mm, including the label, can be adjusted to the width of one or two columns (81 mm or 172 mm), in proportion (up to twice) to the final area of the occupation of the figure (the dimensions of the magazine is 230 mm high by 172 mm wide). The drawings must be original, made with black ink on white paper of good quality or plant, lines and letters must be clear, allowing reduction. Photos and graphics are accepted in black and white, and when colored, shall be borne by the author. The scale used is the metric and should be plotted on the left side of the figure. Use Times New Roman in the legends of figures and graphs. Accepted figures digitized, providing they have clarity and be sent in. Tif with at least 600 dpi graphics, and should not be embedded in MS Word or Power Point.


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