ISSN 0047-2085 printed version
ISSN 1982-0208 versión online



Focus and general policies

The Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry (JBP) is the official journal of the Institute of Psychiatry of the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (IPUB/UFRJ). It is the most traditional psychiatric journal in Brazil, being regularly published for more than 70 years.

The Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry endeavors to publish high quality studies aiming to advance the knowledge about mental disorders and to improve the care of patients suffering from such conditions. The journal strives to educate and update clinicians, scholars, and researchers in psychiatry, psychology, sociology, and in others scientific fields related to mental health.

The Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry publishes original articles, brief reports, reviews, case reports, letters to the editor, and book reviews that serve the above mentioned goals, as well as those with heuristic features that could help researchers envisage new avenues of study and investigation. All manuscripts are peer-reviewed by anonymous referees as fast as possible.


Manuscript preparation

Types of articles accepted:

The Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry publishes the following types of manuscripts:

  • Original articles Reports of original studies based on scientific excellence in psychiatry and providing advances in clinical and experimental research. Original articles must contain new data derived from a representative number of participants and employ sound and adequate methods. Articles must not exceed 4,000 words.
  • Brief Communications – Short reports of original studies, evaluations, or pilot data, containing no more than 2,000 words and 15 references.
  • Reviews – Concise and objective systematic articles designed to bring together updated and relevant information about a specific topic of particular importance and interest in psychiatry and mental health. Authors are required analyze and discuss the available literature. It should contain a maximum of 6,000 words.
  • Case reports – They should provide a short original description of clinical cases and treatment strategies of particular interest for researchers or clinicians. One could cite as examples uncommon presentations of a known disorder, an innovative treatment, and a not previously reported side effect unequivocally related to a specific medication. They must contain a detailed, yet concise and chronologically-ordered description of the cases, highlighting its relevance and originality. Authors must provide a comprehensive literature review about the clinical and therapeutics aspects of the reported topic, comparing their reports with similar cases described in the international scientific literature. Case and series reports should not exceed 1,500 words and 15 references.
  • Letters to the Editor– Communications discussing articles recently published in the journal or describing original researches or meaningful scientific discoveries. Letters should have no more than 500 words and five references.
  • Editorials – Critical comments and made by researchers with expertise in a specific area of knowledge at the editors’ invitation. They must contain a maximum of 900 words and five references.
  • Book reviews – Brief reviews (maximum of 500 words) about recently published books within the scope of the Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry that may interest the psychiatry and mental health professionals.

Originality and authorship

The Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry only considers for publication manuscripts consisting of original material that are not currently under consideration for publication or have not been published elsewhere. The only exceptions are abstracts with less than 400 words. Authors must identify tables, figures, and/or any other material that have been published elsewhere, and permission from the copyright owners must be obtained before reproducing or modifying the materials. In submitting a manuscript, the editors understand that the authors comply with this requirement, and that all of them have substantially participated in the work and have personally reviewed and given final approval of the version submitted. Therefore, each author is required to declare his or her individual contribution to the article in the cover letter (see below) and in the manuscript, in a section after the “Conclusions” entitled “Individual contributions”.

Conflicts of interest and financial disclosures

The Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry demands that all authors individually report any potential conflicts of interest and/or any kind of financial support for the study obtained within the last 3 years and for the foreseeable future. This disclosure includes, but is not limited to, stock options/ownership, grants, stipends, employments, affiliations, royalties, inventions, relationship with sponsoring organizations (governmental, nonprofit, and/or commercial sources), lectures and speakers bureau for any pharmaceutical company, patents (filed, received, pending, or in preparation), travel funds; regardless of value or amount. If one or more authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose, this must be explicitly stated (eg, Drs. Leme Lopes and Nobre de Mello have no conflicts of interest to report). Interested authors can read an editorial about this subject, entitled "Beyond conflict of interest", in the British Medical Journal available at:

The conflicts of interest and financial disclosures must be written as a discrete section entitled "Conflicts of Interest", after the "Individual contributions" section.

Ethical issues

The Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry considers ethical integrity a cornerstone for scientific research and care of human beings. Therefore, in the section entitled "Methods", authors are required to identify the licensing and the institutional review board or committee that reviewed and approved the research. Also, in cases of studies involving human subjects, authors must clearly state that all participants agreed and signed the informed consent form, and must describe the methods used to evaluate the capacity of subject to understand and give informed consent, and strategies used in the study to ensure the protection of human subjects. Finally, in cases of studies involving animals, authors must declare that institutional and national guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals were strictly followed.

Clinical Trial Registration

Before submitting a manuscript to be considered for publication in the Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, clinical trials must be registered in a public trials registry. A clinical trial is herein defined as any research that prospectively enrolls human subjects or groups to one or more interventions (pharmacological or not) to estimate its impacts on health outcomes. These trials can be registered before or at the onset of subjects' enrollment. To be considered valid, a public trial registry must be freely accessible to the public, must be electronically searchable, opened to all prospective registrants and managed by a non-profit organization. Some examples are the National Institutes of Health Clinical Trials (, the Netherlands Trial Register (, the UMIN Clinical Trials Registry (, and the Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials (, among others. The trial name and its URL, the public trial registry name and its URL, as well as the registration number, must be included immediately after the conflicts of interest disclosure.

Overall Structure of the Manuscript

Abbreviations should be avoided; official abbreviations, however, may be used, keeping in mind that the first mention of a term in the text must be complete, followed by its abbreviation between brackets. Authors must use generic names of medications, as opposed to its trade names.
All pages must be numbered, with total words count indicated at the first page (except for abstracts, both in Portuguese and in English, references, pictures and illustrations).

The first page should contain the Title and the Running Head (both in English and in Portuguese), as well as the manuscript’s total word count, and the authors' names and affiliations. Article titles should not contain acronyms. The Running Head should contain a total of up to 50 characters (with spaces) and no more than five words. Different from the Title, the Running Head must also appear at the top of each page of the manuscript (in the same language that the manuscript was written).

The second page must contain an abstract in Portuguese and the trial registration information (when applicable, see above). The abstract must be informative, clearly and concisely describing the manuscripts' content in no more than 250 words. In original articles, brief communications and reviews, abstracts have to be structured in four topics: objective(s), methods, results and conclusions. A maximum of five key words in Portuguese should follow the abstract. They should, if possible, be drawn from the MeSH list of Index Medicus and be chosen with a view to useful cross-indexing of the article. For articles written in Portuguese, these terms are available at Descritores de Ciências da Saúde, published by BIREME.

The third page must contain the abstract and key words in English both of which must be identical to their versions in Portuguese.

The fourth page should contain the entire or the beginning of the Introduction section. In original articles, brief reports, and reviews, the Introduction section must be followed by the sections Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, Individual Contributions, Conflicts of Interest, Acknowledgments, and References in this order. Although the Journal of Brazilian Psychiatry does not stipulate a maximum number of pages, authors must always respect the maximum number of words and references allowed to each kind of article accepted. Tables and figures should come after the references, be cited in the text, and their desired position in the manuscript should be indicated.

Introduction – Must contain a concise review of any literature directly related to the topic, as well as the aim of the study.

Methods – Must depict the model of study and a detailed description of the methods employed, in order to permit its replication by other authors.

Results – Must be described logically, sequentially and concisely, with the occasional help of tables and illustrations.

Discussion – The discussion must be limited to highlighting the conclusions of the study, consider any similarities or differences with the results of other authors, implications of the findings, limitations and future perspectives.

Conclusions – Authors must specify, preferentially in a short paragraph, solely the conclusions the study data allow to support, together with their clinical significance (avoiding excessive generalizations).

Individual contributions – Manuscript must include the specific contributions made by each author in this section. For being considered an author, each collaborator must meet at least all the following conditions: (1) had substantially contributed to conception and design or analysis and interpretation of data; (2) had substantially contributed to drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and (3) had given the final approval of the version to be published.

Conflicts of interest - Each author must disclose any potential conflict of interest that might have the potential to have biased the study (whether financial or not). If one or more author has no conflict of interest to declare, this must be explicitly stated (see Section Conflicts of Interest and Financial Disclosures)

Acknowledgments - In this section, authors must recognize personal and technical assistance, as well as provide detailed information regarding all sources of grants and other modalities of material or financial support.

References - Must be presented in Vancouver stile ("Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Medical Publication" []) in the same order they were quoted in the text, as shown in the following examples.


  • Versiani M. A review of 19 double-blind placebo-controlled studies in social anxiety disorder (social phobia). World J Biol Psychiatry. 2000;1(1):27-33.
  • Appolinario JC, McElroy SL. Pharmacological approaches in the treatment of binge eating disorder. Curr Drug Targets. 2004;5(3):301-7.
  • Dekker J, Wijdenes W, Koning Y A, Gardien R, Hermandes-Willenborg L, Nusselder H, et al. Assertive community treatment in Amsterdam. Community Ment Health J. 2002;38:425-34.


  • Goodwin FFK, Jamison KR. Manic-Depressive Illness. New York: Oxford University Press; 1990.

Book chapter:

  • Heimberg RG, Juster HR. Cognitive-behavioral treatments: literature review. In: Heimberg RG, Liebowitz MR, Hope DA, Scneier FR, editors. Social Phobia – Diagnosis Assessment and Treatment. New York: The Guilford Press, 1995.

References to web pages:

Tables and illustrations - All tables and figures should be formatted in APA style (Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition). All of them must be numbered in Arabic numerals, with the respective legends. They should be in a digital format proper for reproduction.
Each table must be self-explanatory, and must not repeat the information already present in the text. Places for table’s insertion must be clearly indicated in the text.

Illustrations and photographs must be sent in high resolution files, format.tif or.jpg. Printing will be charged on the authors.


Manuscript submission

In order to reduce the time between manuscript submission and the editors' final decision and eventual publication, the Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry has implemented an Editorial Manager internet-based submission and tracking system ( Therefore, the Journal no longer accepts submissions through e-mails. All manuscripts, with no exceptions, must be submitted through the Editorial Manager system. During the submission process the authors must provide a Title and a Running Head (no more than five words), indicate a corresponding author, include a concise abstract, add a cover letter and suggest four potential reviewers (attention: the suggested reviewers can not work at the same institution/department, have close relationships, or have published as a co-author with any of the authors). Lack of attention to this latter requirement can lead to rejection.


Cover letter

In the cover letter, authors must provide the complete name and affiliations of all authors and the contact information for the corresponding author (postal and e-mail addresses, telephone and fax numbers, etc.). Also, authors should explain why they consider the submitted article suitable for publication in the Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, highlighting its relevance and innovative aspects. In addition, authors are required to clearly state that the manuscript represents original material, that has not been published previously, and that is not being considered for publication elsewhere.

If authors received any assistance from technical writers and language editors while preparing the manuscript, such assistance must be noted in the cover letter along with the declaration that the author(s) is (are) entirely responsible for the scientific content of the paper.

For being considered an author, each collaborator must meet all the following conditions: (1) had substantially contributed to conception and design or analysis and interpretation of data; (2) had substantially contributed to drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and (3) had given the final approval of the version to be published. General supervision of the research group alone does not justify authorship. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data is also not sufficient. In order to assure that all these conditions are met, authors are required to include a statement regarding authorship, separately describing the role of each author in the study and manuscript preparation. If there is no statement regarding authorship in the cover letter, the paper will not be reviewed.

After submission

Peer Review

After receiving a manuscript through the Editorial Manager, editors will judge if it will be reviewed by the anonymous reviewers. Their decision will be based on the publishing scope of the journal, and on the structure, originality, and relevance of the manuscript to the field, and structure. Then, if the editors decide so, the manuscript will be submitted to at least two anonymous and independent reviewers (not necessarily those suggested by the authors). The Editors of the Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry strive to keep a rapid publication timeline. Generally, the process from manuscript submission to acceptance takes about three months. Authors will receive by e-mail the editors' final decision, along with copies of the reviewer’s comments. In case of reviews, authors must return the final text with necessary changes (responding each item raised by the reviewers), according to the editors' instructions. Authors must reproduce the reviewer’s comments before their answers. Including just the answers to the reviewer’s comments is not enough and can lead to delays in processing. All this process can be tracked by authors through Editorial Manager.

Permission letter

Authors are required to fill a permission letter and submit it along with the manuscript:

"The undersigned authors hereby approves submission of this work and all subsequent for publication and transfer, assign, or otherwise convey all copyright ownership to the Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry.  Also, the undersigned authors warrant that this work represents original material and does not infringe upon the copyright of any third party; that no part of the work has been published or will be submitted for publication elsewhere unless and until it is rejected by Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry. Finally, the authors agree to indemnify the Publisher against any loss or damages arising out of a breach of this agreement. In the event that our submission is not published, copyright ownership shall revert to the Author(s)."

All authors need to sign this document, and include their complete name, addresses for postage, phone, and e-mail. This letter must be scanned and submitted for the Editors through the Editorial Manager System.

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