Manuscripts submitted to the journal involve the tacit assurance that
they have not been previously published and are not currently under consideration
elsewhere. Manuscripts containing parts of text extracted from other publications,
including figures, tables and drawings, should comply with the specified
limits to assure originality of the article. It is the author's responsibility
to obtain the corresponding written permission to use material in their
manuscripts that is protected by Copyright Law. The Journal is not responsible
for statements or copyright infringements made by contributors.
A copy of the manuscript and a covering letter stating the author's intent
to publish in the journal should be submitted via e-mail to editors-in-chief.
The submitting author takes responsibility for all information during
submission and peer review. Manuscripts submitted under multiple authorship
are reviewed on the understanding that all listed authors are in accordance
with the submission and that the final version of the manuscript has been
seen and approved by all co-authors. The receipt of manuscripts is acknowledged
via e-mail as soon as possible. It is very important to note that only
a formal acknowledgment from the editorial office officially establishes
the date of receipt.
Manuscripts must be written in English. We ask that non-native English
speakers ensure their manuscripts be submitted in grammatically correct
form. Only manuscripts written in clear and understandable English will
Detailed Text Formating
The text should be submitted in MS Word (.doc) format using 12-point Times
New Roman or Arial. All paragraphs should be justified at the left and
right edges in double-line spacing with 6-point spacing before and 6-point
spacing after. The pages should be letter-sized or A4, with top and bottom
margins of at least 2.5 cm, and left and right margins of at least 3 cm.
The manuscripts should not exceed the number of pages according to the
type of contribution (1-7).
This journal adopts the American Psychology Association (APA) citation
format. Please refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological
Association (APA, 5th edition, 2001). Additional information may be found
in the Manual and on the World Wide Web at APA Style at: http://www.apastyle.org/faqs.html.
The main point in the general guidelines is that the reference list and
text citations should agree and be accurate. All references cited in the
text must appear in the reference list, and all references listed in the
reference list must be cited in the text.
Reference Citation in Text
References should be cited in text by the last name of the author(s) followed
by the year of publication. These citations in the text usually appear
in parentheses, e.g. (Hobin, Ji, & Maren, 2006) unless the author's
name is part of the sentence, e.g., "as previously reported by Hobin,
Ji and Maren (2006)".
Note the use of and instead & in this last example. If a parenthetical
citation includes two or more articles, separate them by a semicolon in
chronological order: (Fanselow & Bolles, 1979; Bolles & Fanselow,
1982; McNaughton & Gray, 2000). When two or more articles by the same
author(s) are cited together, the author(s) is listed just once, with
the year of the articles following, separated by commas: (Graeff, 2003,
2004). To distinguish articles by the same author(s) published in the
same year, append a, b, c, etc., to the date: e.g., Kandel (2005a, 2005b).
The following are representative examples of how to cite in the text according
to the number of authors:
Use the surname (without suffixes such as Jr.) and the year of publication
separated by a comma in parentheses. If you have just stated the author's
name in the text, put the year of publication only in parentheses: It
has been shown that...(Gibson, 2003) Gibson (2003) showed that...
For citing a work with two authors, always cite both author names every
time the reference appears in text:...as previously demonstrated (Adler
& Schwartz, 2000)
Three to Five Authors
If there are fewer than six authors, cite all of them the first time and
subsequently use the first author's name followed by "et al."
and the year of publication:
First Entry: Di Chiara, Loddo and Tanda (2000) describe an experimental
...as reported in rats (Di Chiara, Loddo, & Tanda, 2000)
Subsequent Entries: Di Chiara et al. (2000) describe an experimental procedure...
...as reported in rats (Di Chiara et al., 2000)
Note: All names should be listed in References.
Six or More Authors
For work with six or more authors, cite only the first author's last name
followed by "et al." and the year of publication:
Ventura et al. (2005) reported ...
...as reported in human (Ventura et al., 2005)
Note: All names should be listed in References.
Work by Association and Corporation
The names of groups that serve as authors (corporate authors): National
Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 2005)
Should be avoided unless absolutely necessary. They are referenced in
the body of the text only. Include the name, type of communication, and
date. Example of parenthetical citation in text: Fukushima (personal communication,
April 24, 2003) also found this...
Article Reported in a Secondary Source
Example: File (as cited by Rodgers, 2001) observed a similar profile.
Note: In References, list only the secondary source.
Citation of Old Works Reissued
Author (date of original publication/date of edition searched):
Special Part of the Source
If you are including a quotation or referring to a specific part of the
source, cite the year of publication and the page number: "Likewise,
electroencephalograms and functional MRI scans capture correlates of the
mind but those correlates are note the mind" (Damasio, 1999, p. 82).
Reference List Format
All sources cited in the main body of the text must appear in References.
They should follow the general principle of arranging them in alphabetical
order and chronological sequence. Enter the last name of the first author,
followed by the first author's initial(s), and so on for each additional
author. Multiple entries for same author or group of authors should be
ordered chronologically, and multiple entries for the same year should
be distinguished by appending sequential lowercase letters to the year.
The first line of each entry is flush with the left margin, and all subsequent
lines are indented (7 spaces) to form a "hanging indent."
The following examples offer basic guidelines according to different reference
Must include the following elements: author(s), date of publication, article
title, journal title, volume number, issue number (if applicable), and
page numbers. Capitalize only the first word of the title or subtitle,
and any proper names that are part of a title. Use an ampersand (&)
instead of the word "and" when listing multiple authors of a
Brown, R.M. & Robertson, E.M. (2007). Off-line processing: reciprocal
interactions between declarative and procedural memories. Journal of Neuroscience,
Carrozzo, M., Koch, G., Turriziani, P., Caltagirone, C., Carlesimo, G.A.
& Lacquaniti, F. (2005). Integration of cognitive allocentric information
in visuospatial short-term memory through the hippocampus. Hippocampus,
References to an entire book must include the following elements: author(s)
or editor(s), date of publication, full title (in italics), place of publication,
and the name of the publisher.
Sacks, O. (2000). Seeing voices. New York: Vintage Books.
LeDoux, J. (1996). The emotional brain: The mysterious of emotional life.
New York: Simon & Schuster Paperbacks.
Chapters in Edited Books
Must include the following elements chapter author(s), date of publication,
chapter title, book editor(s), book title, chapter page numbers indicated
by pp., place of publication, and the name of the publisher.
Hameroff, S., & Penrose, R. (1995). Orchestrated reduction of quantum
coherence in brain molecules: A model for consciousness. In J. King &
K.H. Pribam (Eds.), Conscious experience: Is the brain too important to
be left to specialists to study? (pp. 241-274). Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence
Citation of Electronic Sources
Cite the author(s) or authoring agency, title of the document, location
and name of the hosting organization, page or document number if any,
date of retrieve and the URL.
Schutter, D.J.L.G. (2003). The affective brain: Novel insights into the
biological mechanisms of motivation and emotion. Unpublished Doctoral
Theses: Universiteit Utrecht.
Works in Press
Do not include year, volume or number of pages until the manuscript is
published. It should be the last reference of the author, in alphabetical
order: Langeland, W. & Olff, M. (in press). Psychobiology of posttraumatic
stress disorder in pediatric injury patients: A review of the literature.
Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews.
Preparation of Manuscripts
The following should be used as a guide in preparing papers for publication:
The manuscript should include a title page as the first page with the
1. A concise (not to exceed 20 words) but informative Title, which clearly
refers to its content;
2. Authors and author addresses. The initials and surname of each author
should be inserted just below the title together with the correspondent
3. Corresponding author with complete address, preferentially including
an e-mail address.
An abstract (not to exceed 250 words) should be typed on a separate page
(number 2). No references should be quoted.
Three to six keywords must be listed immediately below the Abstract to
easily searching bibliographic databases for the paper.
Main Body of the Manuscript
Research Articles - Must include the following subsections:
1. Introduction - Theoretical background, rationale and appropriate references
that inform the reader as to why you undertook the study. Brevity and
focus are important.
2. Methods (not Methodology)
2.1 Subjects (Animals or Participants, when humans)
Must include a suitable design indicating the number and characteristics
of the sample (s) employed in the study. For human or animal experimental
investigations, the authors should indicate if the procedures respect
the determinations of the Helsinki Accord (1975, revised in 1983). Brazilian
papers and authors must also respect the Resolutions of the National Council
of Health n. 196, of Oct. 10, 1996 and n. 251, Aug. 7, 1997, and present
a report from the Ethics Committee of the author's institute of origin.
Participants should have given written informed consent.
Should indicate all instrumentation and materials (trade names and location
in parentheses) employed in the study.
Should provide sufficient information to allow the reader to repeat the
experiment in an identical manner. Details of inclusion and exclusion
criteria should be clearly stated.
2.4 Statistics (when appropriate)
Should inform the test (s) and rationale used to analyze the results.
Make sure to give results for all items mentioned in Methods section.
State the statistical significance of your findings when appropriate.
The use of tables and figures is encouraged.
Should be clear and directly related to the results, indicating when appropriate
the major implications of the findings on the basis of the objectives
and literature under analysis.
Other Categories of Manuscripts
Report of Professional Experience
Should be divided into Introduction, Case Report, Discussion, Acknowledgements,
Should be divided into Introduction (describing the procedure in the last
paragraph), Results and Discussion, Acknowledgements, and References.
Note: Review Articles and other contributions may take their own relevant
Manuscript submitted in the incorrect format or well beyond the length
guidelines may be returned without review.
Tables and Figures
Number tables and figures consecutively with Arabic numerals. Provide
a short but informative title for each table and figure on a separate
sheet. If an illustration is taken from a copyrighted publication, credit
must be given in the legend and it is the author's responsibility to obtain
the permission for its reproduction. Figures should be submitted in black/white
as tiff or jpg files (300 dpi), without frame. Composite figures should
be labeled A, B, C and submitted as one figure.
Submission Preparation Checklist
As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their
submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions
may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
1.The contribution is original and unpublished, and is not being evaluated
by other journals.
2.The electronic files were created using Microsoft Word (.doc).
3.The text is double-spaced, font Times New Roman or Arial, size 12, throughout
the whole manuscript, with paragraphs aligned to the left, with appendixes,
tables and figures at the end of the manuscript, after the References,
with indications in the body of the text as to where they should be inserted.
The size of the page should be A4 (21 x 29,7cm), with margins of 2,5cm.
4.The text follows the journal's formatting requirements, according to
the Author Guidelines.
5.The manuscript complies with the technical norms of the American Psychological
Association: Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association
(5th edition, 2001).