ISSN 0102-7972 printed version
ISSN 1678-7153 online version



Aim and editorial policy

Original papers, in english, are published in the area of ​​Psychological Processes/Experimental Psychology, Psychological Assessment, Developmental Psychology and Health Psychology in the following categories: research reports, theoretical or systematic reviews of articles, brief reports and reviews. To be considered for submission, authors should send a letter to the editor justifying your submission and highlighting the contributions and relevance of the work. Please note that a letter to the editor is required that explains why you think that your submission fits into the area you have selected. In the same letter, you should state whether or not you have fully complied with current ethics standards at your university and/or country. Descriptions of areas for publication are below:

PSYCHOLOGICAL PROCESSES/EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY: In this area, studies include the processes of psychology, such as sensation, attention, perception, learning, language, memory, motivation and emotion. In addition, this journal also considers studies investigating complex cognitive functions such as language, reasoning, problem solving, decision making, and executive functions. Generally, studies that employ experimental and quasi-experimental methods, and cross discipline studies that address the areas of neuroscience, neuropsychology, neurology, cognitive psychology, psychobiology, psychopharmacology, and experimental analysis of behavior are accepted. In addition, studies with clinical and nonclinical populations are accepted including experimental or natural settings, in formal and non-formal settings, and web and virtual reality environments.

PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT/ EVALUATION: This area includes studies that are focused on the advancement of psychological science such as practice and ethics of psychological assessment in its various contexts (including work on issues related to psychological measurement and psychometrics, adaptation, development, validation and standardization of instruments), the use of instruments for the purposes of psychological assessment, psychodiagnostic, evaluation of interventions or programs and case studies involving the use of instruments. Articles focused on the assessment of cognitive and neuropsychological functioning, personality and psychopathology, as well as empirical evaluation of clinically relevant phenomena, such as dysfunctional behaviors, characteristics and diagnoses of personality may also be submitted. Furthermore, they may be included in the section involving ethical or technical issues within psychological assessment.

DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY: To publish in this area, studies in this section must show clear evidence of an evolutionary approach to development. Merely because a study uses one or more samples consisting of children, adolescents, adults, or the elderly does not mean that it has the potential to be published in this section.  The study of development in psychology is the study of changes over time in the phenomenon of interest.  A developmental approach requires research over the period of time during which the changes of interest are occurring, whether relatively short (microgenetic changes) or relatively long (ontogenetic changes).  In order to understand the processes involved in the changes of interest longitudinal research is essential; cross-sectional research has the ability to show whether or not predicted differences in outcomes (e.g., in feelings, values, cognition, or socialization) are found in samples that range across the ages relevant to the issue being researched; some types of retrospective methods may also allow assessment of age-related changes.
Microgenetic changes refer to changes over a relatively brief period of time, such as changes from other-regulation to self-regulation in children’s abilities to solve problem-solving tasks, or the learning of specific skills or tasks.  Ontogenetic changes usually occur over longer periods of time, such as examining the ways in which adolescents’ thinking, social relationships, or emotional responses change as they move through puberty or attain formal operational thinking, or the effects on adults of the transition to parenthood, getting a new job, retiring, or losing a spouse.
The source of change may be psycho-biological (e.g. increasing myelination in the cerebral cortex, pubertal timing, variations in degrees of motivation or persistence, etc.), environmental (e.g., the effects of smoking on birth weight, being raised in extreme poverty, or being exposed to toxic air or water), social (needing to learn a new skill at home, school, or work, a stepfather entering the family, moving to a new school, getting divorced, one’s children leaving home, etc.), or cultural (e.g., moving to a new society or marrying into an ethnic group different from one’s own), or a combination of any or all of these.

HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY: This area includes studies focused on the empirical relationship between psychological factors in behavior and health. The Health Psychology section publishes original scholarly articles that address topics such as contextual and behavioral factors that may contribute to illness and disease prevention, review of approaches in the health field, protective and risk in health, promotion strategies and health education, psychology of pediatrics, psycho-oncology, healthy aging, and evaluation and dissemination of interventions in health psychology.  Evidence should target the individual, family, group, or community, as well as the ethnicity, social class, gender and sexual orientation within these groups. In addition, applications of research findings on public policy related to health, and professional issues such as training and supervision related to health psychology will be considered.

The editorial policy of the journal Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica/Psychology consists of peer evaluation, following the criteria described below.


Steps for on-line submission

From April 10st, 2015 it will be charged a publication fee of R$ 500,00 (US$200.00).  See "Publication Fee" below.

There are two steps for online submission of manuscripts: to send an e-mail (1) forwarding a letter regarding the manuscript and (2) the formal aspects of presenting it, as described below. The author(s) will immediately receive an acknowledgment of receipt when the manuscript is received and they may follow-up the online editorial process using the author’s username and login.

Step 1: The main author must send an e-mail to the editor ( authorizing the beginning of the editorial process of the manuscript. EVERY author must state their agreement with the submission and Publication Fee to the editor. To be considered for submission, authors should send a letter to the editor justifying your submission and highlighting the contributions and relevance of the work. Please note that a letter to the editor is required that explains why you think that your submission fits into the area you have selected. In the same letter, you should state whether or not you have fully complied with current ethics standards at your university and/or country. In the e-mail to be sent to the editor do not enclose any copy of the manuscript. The manuscript must be submitted electronically only (according to Step 2). The e-mail replaces the identifying cover page and must inform as well:

  • title of the manuscript in English (maximum of 15 words);
  • name and institutional affiliation of each author;
  • name of the authors as they should appear in reference citations;
  • postal address of the author with whom the reader may engage in correspondence (we recommend using institutional addresses);
  • acknowledgments and observations.

Step 2: Formal aspects of presenting the manuscript. Original papers must be submitted online by means of the main author’s registration in the journal’s site on the Internet ( Since peer review of the manuscript is blinded, it is the responsibility of the author(s) to verify that there are no elements in the manuscript that can identify authorship, including the properties of the electronic file. The e-mail containing data of the author(s) will not be forwarded to the Ad-Hoc reviewers.



One of the conditions for publishing the manuscript is that it must not have been edited in any other publication (journals, books, etc.) nor simultaneously submitted to, or edited in, any other publication (electronic media or printed).

All the manuscripts must follow the technical standards of the American Psychological Association: Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition, 2009), concerning the style of manuscript presentation and ethical aspects regarding the accomplishment of a scientific work. From the following details below, APA standards prevail in case information is omitted.

Original text should be submitted by Internet through the enrollment of the author(s) in the site of the journal ( Since the review of the manuscripts is blinded regarding the identity of the author(s), it is their responsibility to verify that there are no elements which may identify them in any part of the manuscript, including in the properties of the file. The e-mail with the author(s)' data will not be forwarded to Ad- Hocreviewers.

I. Manuscripts

The manuscript must inform the area of ​​submission (Psychological Processes, Psychological Assessment, Developmental Psychology and Health Psychology) and must be produced in Microsoft Word (.doc) and not exceed the maximum number of pages (starting page 1 with the abstract and Resumo in Portuguese) indicated for each type of manuscript (including Resumo, Abstract, Figures, Tables, Appendixes and References, besides the body of the text), which would be:

Articles(15-25 pages): reports of original high quality researches, based on complete and systematic investigations. Articles of theoretical or reviewing content will be considered, but in a restricted number, as long as there is critical and propitious analysis from a wide body of investigation, that is relative to subjects of interest for the development of Psychology, preferably in an area of research that the author contributes to.

Short reports(10-15 pages): short descriptions of research or professional experience with methodologically appropriate evidence. Manuscripts that describe new methods or techniques will also be considered.

Review articles(3-10 pages): critical reviews of recently published works, orientating the reader as so much of the potentials and characteristics of its use. Authors should consult the Editor before submitting reviews to the editorial process. They must have title and the reviewed book must appear in the References at the end of the text.

II. General Guidelines

A. Paper: size A4 (21 x 29,7cm). The manuscript may not be longer than 25 pages, from the abstract to the References, including Tables, Figures and Appendixes.

B. Font: Times New Roman, size 12, throughout the whole text, including References, Foot Notes, Tables, etc.

C. Margins: 2,5cm on all sides (upper, bottom, left and right).

D. Spacing: double space throughout all of the manuscript, including Unidentified Title Page, Abstract, Text, References, Appendixes, etc.

E. Text alignment: left.

F. Indent for the first line of a paragraph: tab = 1,25cm.

G. Page number alignment: on the right corner at the level of the first line of each page.

H. Manuscript Page Heading: the first two or three words of the title should appear five spaces to the left from the number. The page heading is used to identify the manuscript during the editorial process. Using MS Word, when the page's number and the heading are inserted in a page, they automatically appear in all the others.

I. Internet addresses: all "URL" addresses (links to the Internet) in the text (ex: should be activated.

J. Order of the manuscript's elements: Unidentified Title Page, Resumo and Abstract, Text, References, Appendixes, Footnotes, Tables and Figures. Initiate each one on a new page.

III. Manuscript elements:

A. Unidentified Title Page: Title in English (maximum 15 words, uppercase and lowercase letters, centralized) and the title in Portuguese compatible, area of ​​submission (Psychological Processes, Psychological Assessment, Developmental Psychology and Health Psychology).

B. Abstract with keywords: Paragraphs with the maximum of 200 words (articles), or 150 words (short reports), with the title Abstract/Resumo aligned in the center on the first line below the page heading. At the end of the abstract, list at least three and at the most five keywords (in uppercase letters and separated by semicolons), preferably derived from the Terminologia em Psicologia, da Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde - Psicologia. The Abstract must be followed by keywords as well. As its main procedure, Psicologia: Reflexão e Critica/Psychologymakes the final review of the abstract, having the right to correct it, whenever necessary. This is a very important item in your work, because when a paper is published it will be available in all of the journal's indexing sources. Articles written in English must submit the abstract in both Portuguese and English.

C. Text: The title of the manuscript is not necessary on this page. The subsections of the text do not start on new pages and its headings should be aligned in the center, and the first letter of each word capitalized (for example, Results, Method and Discussion, in research papers). The subheadings of the subsections should be in italic and have the first letter of each word capitalized (for example, the heading of the subsection Method: Subjects or Data Analysis).

The words Figure, Table, Appendix that appear in the text should be written with the first letter capitalized followed by the number (Figures and Tables) or letter (Appendixes) to which they refer. The places suggested for inserting figures and tables should be indicated in the text.

Use underline, Italic and bold in words or expressions that should be emphasized in the text, and words that you wish to lay stress upon. Do not use Italic (unless where it is required by publication rules), bold, watermarks or other resources which may let the text visually more attractive, because they bring hard trouble for editing.
Always cite authors and give the date of publication of all referred studies. Names of all the authors whose works were cited should be followed by the date of publication. All studies cited in the text should be listed in the Reference section.

Examples of Reference:

The following examples aid you in the organization of your manuscript, but they certainly do not deplete other possibilities of citing. Use the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2009, 6th edition) to verify the pattern for other references.

1. Articles with multiple authors:
Articles with two authors: always cite both names when referring to the article:
Carvalho and Beraldo (2006) had accomplished qualitative analysis...
This qualitative analysis (Carvalho & Beraldo, 2006)...
Articles with three to five authors: cite all authors on the first citation and for the subsequent citations mention the first author followed by "et al." and the date of publication:

Mansur, Carrthery, Caramelli and Nitrini (2006) reviewed literature from this area.
This was described in another article (Mansur, et al., 2006).
Articles with six or more

However, in the References section, the names of all the authors should be mentioned.

2. Citations of republished or re-edited work:
In fact, Skinner (1963/1975) ... when explaining the behavior (Skinner, 1963/1975).
In the References section, cite: Skinner, B. F. (1975). Contingências de reforço. São Paulo: Abril Cultural. (Original work published in 1963)

REMINDER: Quotations with less than 40 words should be incorporated in the paragraph of the text, between quotation marks. Quotations with more than 40 words should appear without quotation marks in a freestanding block, indent the block about 5 spaces from the margin. Quotations with more than 500 words, reproduction of one or more figures, tables or other illustrations must have the written permission of the copyright holder of the original work. The permission must be addressed to the author that submitted the manuscript. The rights obtained in secondhand will not be transferred under any circumstances. The direct quoting must be exactly the same used in the original work, even if there are errors/mistakes in the original version. If that happens and there is the chance of making the reader misunderstand what was just said, add the word [sic], underlined and between brackets, right after the error/mistake. When omitting a material from an original source it must be started by ellipsis (...). The insertion of materials, such as personal comments or observations, they should be done putting in brackets. The emphasis in one or more words should be done with underlined font, followed by [my emphasis].

Attention: Do not use the terms apud, op. cit, id. ibidem, and others. They do not make part of APA standards (2009, 6th   edition).

D. References:
Begin a new page for the Reference section, with the title aligned in the center on the first line below the page heading. Only the works consulted and mentioned in the text should appear in this section. Continue using double space and do not leave an extra space between references. The references should be listed in alphabetical order by last name, according to the standards of the APA (see some examples below). Use the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2009, 6th edition) to verify the rules not mentioned here. It is recommended that the online manual of the APA publication be consulted at:

When referring to more than one study by the same author, use chronological order, in other words, from the earliest work to the most recent. The author's names should not be substituted by dashes or underlines.

Examples of references:

1. Articles from scientific journals
Howat-Rodrigues, A. B. C., De Andrade, A. L., &
Tokumaru, R. S. (2012). Construção e validação da
Escala de Imprevisibilidade Familiar na Infância (EIFI).
Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica, 25(2), 212-222. doi:1.1590/

2. Articles from journals paginated by issue
Proceed according to the example above, and include the number of the issue between parentheses, no underline, after the number of the volume.

3. Articles from an Internet-only journal
Silva, S. C. da (2006, February). Estágios de Núcleo Básico na formação do psicólogo: Experiências de desafios e conquistas. Psicologia para América Latina, 5, Retrieved on May 12, 2006, from

4. Books
Koller, S. H. (2004). Ecologia do desenvolvimento humano: Pesquisa e intervenção. São Paulo: Casa do Psicólogo.

5. Chapter in an edited book
Dell'Aglio, D. D., & Deretti, L. (2005). Estratégias de coping em situações de violência no desenvolvimento de crianças e adolescentes. In C. S. Hutz (Ed.), Violência e risco na infância e adolescência: pesquisa e intervenção (pp. 147-171). São Paulo: Casa do Psicólogo.

6. Republished and re-edited works
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1996). A ecologia do desenvolvimento humano: experimentos naturais e planejados. Porto Alegre: Artes Médicas. (Original work published 1979).

7. Corporate Author
American Psychiatric Association (1988). DSM-III-R, Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorder (3rd. Rev. ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

E. Appendixes: Avoid when possible. Include them only if they issue significant information, such as unpublished tests or the description of equipment or complex materials. Use a new page for each appendix. Appendixes should be indicated in the text and presented at the end of the manuscript, identified by the letters of the alphabet in capital letters (A, B, C, and so forth).

F. Footnotes: They should always be avoided when possible. However, if there is no other possibility, they should be indicated by Arabic numerals in the text and presented after the Appendixes. The title (Footnotes) appears aligned in the center on the first line below the page heading. Indent the first line of each footnote 1,25cm and number them according to the respective indications in the text.

G. Tables: They must be elaborated in Word (.doc) or Excel. In the case of graphical presentations of tables, preferably, use columns, avoiding other forms of presentation such as pizza, etc. In these presentations avoid using colors. Each table begins on a separate page. The word Table is aligned to the left on the first line below the page heading and followed by the number correspondent to the table. Use double space and type the title of the table on the left, in italic and with no period, with the first letter of each word in uppercase letters. They should not exceed 17,5 cm in width by 23,5 cm in length.

H. Figures: Figures should be presented on a separate page, using only JPG format. Do not exceed 17,5 cm in width by 23,5 cm in length. The title Figure is double-spaced below the figure, aligned to the left. Write Figure 1 (or 2, or 3, and so on), in italic, followed by the text of the caption, which should be in italic and with no period. The first letter of each word should be in lowercase letters.

The words Figure, Table and Appendix that appear in the text must be written with the first letter capitalized followed by the number (for Figures and Tables) or letter (for Appendixes) to which they refer. The use of expressions such as "the Table above" or "the Figure below" should not be used because in the editing process they may be placed somewhere else. The standards of APA (2009, 6th   edition) do not include the denomination Charts or Graphs, only Tables and Figures.

ATTENTION: The entirety of the PRC editorial process is performed online on the Internet at the site Manuscripts that are forwarded by post mail, fax, e-mail or any other form other than online submissions will not be considered by the Editors.



Peer review process

Manuscripts submitted online to and which are in accordance with the standards of the journal and are considered potentially publishable by PRC will be forwarded by the Editor to Associated Editors or to Ad-Hoc reviewers. Associate Editors, in turn, will forward manuscripts to specialists in their field (Ad-Hoc reviewers or Councilors - members of the Editorial Board).

Reviewers may recommend to Editors that the manuscripts be accepted without modifications, accepted conditioned by modifications, or rejected. The identity of reviewers is withheld from authors. Authors will have access to copies of the reviewer's judgment and their justifications. Manuscripts forwarded to reviewers will not have the author's identification.

The modified version will be reviewed by a Councilor, who may request as many modifications as necessary for the final acceptance of the manuscript. The Editor will always give the final decision on publishing, or not, a manuscript. The author's identity, at this point, may be informed to the Councilor.

The Councilor reserves the right to apply slight modifications to the author's text so to expedite the publication process. The Editorial Committee will settle specific cases.
Authors can follow all the stages of the editorial process on the Internet (

The names of the reviewers that collaborated in selecting manuscripts will appear in the last edition of the year, without specifying which texts were individually analyzed.
Before forwarding to the printer the accepted manuscripts, the Editor will send a proof to the author(s) for proofreading. The authors have five working days to proofread the manuscript and return it to the Editor. If the authors do not return the proof without any alterations, the manuscript will be published according to the proof.
At this stage of the process, the author(s) whose manuscript has been accepted must send a letter assigning copyrights to the journal, by e-mail. The manuscripts that have been accepted and edited will be available online "in press", that is, before the printed edition is released.

Regarding the printed version, the main author will receive 1 copy. Extra copies or reprints are not provided, but authors and co-authors can obtain online copies from the site of Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica/Psychology at SciELO.


Public access policy

Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica offers public access to all of its contents, following the principle that offering free access to research generates greater global exchange of knowledge. Such access is associated to the increase of reading and citation of author references. For more information on this, visit Public Knowledge Project, the project which developed this system in order to improve the quality of academic and public research, distributing the Open Journal System, other academic publishing mediums, as well as other supporting software for the public access publication system. Our journal encourages authors to make available in their personal and institutional sites PDF files with the final version of the articles, since they are already free of any commercial and profitable means.


Publication Fee

Since June 1st, 2012 the journal PRC is charging a publication fee which must be paid by the authors who have had their article(s) approved. PRC has grown in quality and recognition. In order to be able to invest in improvements and in the expansion of the journal, the new publication fee was implemented, complementing the resources received from agencies such as CNPQ and the Graduate Program in Psychology - UFRGS.

To start the process of electronic submission, the author needs to send an e-mail (see Step 1 ‘Instructions to Authors’ at SEER UFRGS system) stating to be aware of the payment of the fee. The amount charged for the publication of original articles is of R$ 500,00 (U$ 200.00). When the manuscript is accepted, the author will receive a warning note regarding the payment. It can be made at Banco do Brasil, agency 3798-2, bank account 300.000-1, identification code 3699-4. If the author prefers, the payment can be made via PayPal ( <> being  <> the target e-mail address. After making the deposit, the voucher must be submitted within 15 days by e-mail (<> or attached at SEER UFRGS system in ‘supplementary documents’. In this case, the secretary must be informed of the payment. In case of any doubt, the author may get in touch with the journal by phone (+55 51 33085691).


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