ISSN 1518-6776 printed version
ISSN 1678-6971 online version



Scope and policy

Editorial Policy

RAM is a scientific journal whose mission is to contribute to the excellence of the academic activities in the knowledge area of business management and to the development of the administrative action in organizations through the divulgence of scientific research works in the form of unpublished high-quality theoretical and empirical articles that generate new knowledge in the field.

This Journal is structured into three Sections. Entitled Human and Social Management in Organizations, the first Section publishes papers on the development of organizations, exploring social and human issues in order to help generate innovative management processes in organizations, based on relationships of respect and trust with their stakeholders. Entitled Strategic Finance, the second Section encompasses works addressing the issue of how companies and individuals take decisions on the uptake and allocation of resources (financial and / or non-financial), through parameters grounded on the concept of creating value for shareholders / owners. Finally, entitled Business Development and Resources, the Third Section publishes papers exploring internal and external resources of organizations as conditioning factors that shape their competitive dynamics, business development and strategy, discussing organizational management aspects.

The scope and focus of this Journal are centered on articles addressing theoretical development, as well as theoretical-empirical papers. Different theoretical and methodological approaches are accepted, related to issues associated with the above-mentioned sections, provided that they are relevant to the development of the field of Business Administration.

There are five acceptance requirements for submissions. The first is that each of the authors may submit no more than two articles a year to this Journal, regardless of their status (author or co-author). In other words, if an author submits a paper as the first author and another as the third author, he may not submit another article in the course of that year. The second requirement is that the articles must be unpublished in Brazil and the rest of the world, and that they are not under consideration for publication in any other periodical. Works published in the proceedings of congresses are considered, provided that they are in their final form for publication. The third requirement is that the papers are written in Portuguese, English or Spanish. The fourth requirement is that they are associated with topics in the Section to which they are submitted, and comply with the Section policy. The fifth requirement is that the papers comply with the criteria and technical characteristics established by this Journal.

The target public of this Journal consists of professional and students in Brazil's academic universe specializing in administration, as well as the managers of public, private and third sector organizations interested in the development of administration.


Peer Review Process

The review process at this Journal consists of three eliminatory stages, described below:

1. In the first stage, the paper is analyzed by the editorial staff of the Journal, in terms of its compliance with editorial policy and the policy of the Section to which it is submitted. Papers not compliant with the criteria and technical characteristics established by this Journalwill be rejected.
2-  The second stage consists of an anonymous review of papers submitted for publication and the double blind review system.  These papers will be forwarded by the Section Editors to the ad hoc reviewers, selected on the basis of their fields of specialization and availability, whose affiliations are in States other than those of the States of the authors.  The Section Editors coordinate this phase of the editorial process.  Papers approved  will be forwarded to the Editor-in-Chief with a suggestion for publication.  The Section Editors may request a double blind expert opinion from a member of the Scientific Editorial Body (specializing in the field of the paper) in order to support their decisions.
3-  During the third stage of the review process, the Editor-in-Chief takes the final decision on publication.  The Editor-in-Chief may also request a member of the Scientific Editorial Committee to validate the previous stages, through a double blind review process.  In this case, the paper approved during the previous phase and the respective expert opinions of the ad hoc reviewers (not identified) are forwarded to a member of the Scientific Editorial Committee (specializing in the field of the paper) for analysis and validation.  Approved papers are presented and recommended for publication to the Editor-in-Chief by the Scientific Editorial Committee member.

The approved papers are published with the name of the editor in charge. Before publication, authors must sign the Copyright Letter, whose model will be forwarded to the authors by e-mail, reserving the rights for this Journal, including translation rights. The authors must sign this Letter and return it by regular mail within no more than two weeks.

The criteria used to review the papers are the following:

1. Relevance and timeliness of the topic.
2. Suitability of the title to the content.
3. Clear and well-defined purpose of the paper.
4. Relevance of the research problem.
5. Relationship between the research problem and the literature.
6. Innovation and creativity of the approach
7. Structure of the body copy and writing style appropriate for a scientific paper.
8. Compliance with the standard established by the Brazilian Technical Standards Association (ABNT).
9. Clear, concise language with no spelling mistakes or grammatical errors, reading smoothly and pleasantly.
10.Consistent and broad-ranging theoretical and conceptual foundation, expressing the state-of-the-art of knowledge in the field
11. Appropriate and well-structured theoretical development
12. Clear, broad-ranging and straightforward description of the research methodology
13. Suitability of the methodology to the research problem
14. Clear and appropriate development of the argument
15. Clear and broad-ranging description of the findings
16. Presenting the necessary statistical analysis
17. Suitability of the data analysis methods
18. Depth of the analysis
19. Conclusion coherent with the purposes of the paper
20. Conclusion consistent with the methodology and the evidence presented
21. The paper offers a scientific contribution to the business administration field of knowledge
22. The paper is of value for researchers
23.The paper adds value to public, private or third sector administrative practice

The average period for responding to the authors of submitted papers is 180 days as from the date of its receipt at this Journal.

The opinions, ideas and concepts set forth in the papers are the sole responsibility of their authors. The institution or any editorial entities linked to this Journal do not accept any responsibility for these papers.

The submitted papers must be unpublished in Brazil and elsewhere in the world. This Journal does not publish papers by guest authors or papers translated from non-Brazilian scientific periodicals. However, papers that have already been presented at congresses, seminars and similar events may be submitted, provided that no constraints are imposed by their organizers. All submitted papers, including those that have already been presented at congresses, seminars and similar events must complete the review process described above.

The process of recruiting the ad hoc reviewers takes place through an invitation from the editorial staff to participate in the selection process, or through a proposal submitted by an applicant candidate to this Journal by e-mail. The activities of the ad hoc reviewers are voluntary and not remunerated. Candidates must comply with the following prerequisites in order to become ad hoc reviewers for this Journal:

1. Hold at least a Master's Degree and preferably a PhD in Business Administration or some similar field of knowledge awarded by a Brazilian Graduate Studies Program (stricto sensu) acknowledged by the University Level Staff Higher Education Coordination Unit (CAPES) or a Foreign Graduate Studies Program equivalent to stricto sensu studies in Brazil whose quality is acknowledged by the editorial staff.
2. Have published scientific output on Administration (for areas linked to their respective degrees and specialty courses) in periodicals and at events classified in the Qualis periodicals assessment system in the administration field of knowledge, acknowledged as good quality by the editorial staff.
3. Be endowed with solid experience in undergraduate and / or graduate teaching activities in Administration, for fields linked to their respective degrees, specialty courses and scientific and technical output.
4. Conduct scientific research activities in the Administration field of knowledge linked to their respective specialty areas and based on their academic qualifications and technical and bibliographic outputs.
5. The specialty areas of the candidates (compliant with their respective degrees and scientific and technical output) must correspond or be related to at least one of the theme-specific Sections of this Journal.
6. When candidates are approved, they will be assigned to the Sections of this Journal that are most closely linked to their respective specialty areas, based on their degrees and scientific and technical output, being permitted to review papers only in their own specialty areas.

Candidates wishing to qualify as ad hoc reviewers for this Journal should send an e-mail justifying their application and giving the address of their resumés in the Lattes system, stating the Section of this Journal that they would like to join. Applications submitted by candidate reviewers will be assessed by the editorial staff.

The members of the Scientific Editorial Committee are recruited through invitations issued by the Journal Editor. The activities of the members of this Committee are voluntary and not remunerated. The pre-requisites for participation are the same as those established for the ad hoc reviewers. Additionally, the members of this Committee must have held PhD degrees for at least five years, with significant scientific and technical biographical output, acknowledged as high quality by the editorial staff in their specialty fields.

The ad hoc reviewers and the members of the Scientific Editorial Committee of this Journal are re-accredited biannually, in compliance with the information presented in their resumés listed with the Lattes system and the prerequisites presented above.

Conflicting Interests Policy

For the Mackenzie Administration Journal, a conflict of interest is any interest of a financial, professional or personal type that actually or potentially interferes in the preparation, review or publication of a paper and the work giving rise to it. Authors and their employers (academic institutions or not), sponsors, reviewers and editors may have conflicting interests. Conflicting interests may be rated as hidden or explicit, real or perceived.

In order to pursue its mission, this Journal feels that it is important to ensure that the research project presented in the papers are bias-free, the greatest possible extent. Thus, the Journal Editor may decide not to accept papers that he believes may be adversely affected in some way through a conflicting interest declared by their authors.

Any conflicting interest of the author or the co-authors related to the paper and the work giving rise to it that are relevant and arise within five years as from the start of the work must be disclosed. During the submission process, the first author must declare on his / her behalf and on behalf of the other co-authors the existence of any financial, personal, professional interest that might actually or potentially influence the work and the preparation of the paper. Examples of conflicting interests include but are not limited to: research grants received from any sources, travel grants or attendance at meetings, rendering paid services, relationships with the editorial staff of this Journal, relationships with the organizations involved and participation in Government agencies. All sources of financing for the work must be described, including their role and the involvement on the decision to submit the paper for publication. Grants received by institutions or organizations financing the paper from other institutions or organizations that are known to the authors must also be declared.

The Editor will take the final decision on the relevance of any conflicts of interest declared by the authors and their possible influence on the work or paper. If necessary, this matter will be discussed with the ad hoc reviewers and the editorial staff. The decision will be based on the conflicting interests declared by the authors.

The ad hoc reviewers of this Journal must also declare conflicts of interest before starting to review any paper. Should any reviewer feel unable to review a paper due to conflicting interests, the Editor must be advised.

Copyright Declaration

Once the papers have been approved, the authors assign their copyrights to this Journal. The Copyright Assignment Conditions include:

1. The Mackenzie Administration Journal holds the rights to all the papers published thereby through assignment of copyright.
2. The author retains moral rights to the paper, including the right to identify the author whenever the article is published.
3. When formally requested by the author, this Journal may allow the paper to be published as a chapter or part of a book. The only requirement is that prior publication in this Journal (Journal name, issue, year and pages) must be clearly and explicitly shown as a reference.
4. Authors may take photocopies of the paper or distribute it through electronic media, provided that this is intended for their own classes and research activities, under the condition that: (a) such copies are not resold and (b) reference to prior publication in this Journal (Journal name, issue, year and pages) are shown clearly and explicitly on the coversheets of all the copies taken of the paper.


Form and preparation of manuscripts

RAM accepts academic contributions consisting of scientific papers written in Portuguese, English or Spanish (at the discretion of the authors) that are of interest to the field of knowledge of administration and for the activities of the business administrator, in compliance with its Editorial Policy.

The manuscripts must be formatted in Word for Windows Version 6.0 or higher, in A4 format, with 1.5 spacing in Times New Roman font, pitch 12, with upper and left margins at 3 cm and lower and right margins at 2 cm, not exceeding thirty pages including all elements (cover sheet, summary, abstract, body text, references and appendixes).

The figures, tables and or diagrams must be presented in the body text of the paper close to the place where they are mentioned (main file). Additionally, the figures, tables and diagrams inserted in the body text must be provided individually, each in a separate file, which must be submitted together with the main file. The size of this file may not exceed 1 MB.

Due to the large number of submissions, the authors and co-authors may not submit more than two papers a year to this Journal.

The maximum number of authors is five per paper.

The files and the content of the body text, with their figures, tables and diagrams may not contain any identification of the author or co-authors. If it is possible to identify the author or co-authors, the paper will be rejected.

Special editing resources such as underscore, hyphen, macros, insets etc must be avoided. Italics must be used only for words in foreign languages. Words and symbols of particular importance must be shown in boldface.

Titles and subtitles must be written in boldface and should not exceed two lines in length.

Notes should be used as little as possible. When used, they should not be shown as footnotes, but must rather appear at the end of the main text, before the References. They must be numbered sequentially throughout the body text.

The presentation of the manuscript (containing the body text, to be submitted in the main file) must comply with the following format:

Cover Sheet with no identification: Title in the Portuguese, English and Spanish.
Abstract Sheet: The summary in English. It must be in a single block, justified and containing at most 220 words. After the Abstract, it must be included five keywords in English (Keywords).
Summary Sheet: The summary in Portuguese. It must be in a single block, justified and containing at most 220 words. After the summary, it must be included five keywords in Portuguese (Palavras Chave). The summary and keywords must be compatible with the summary and keywords in English.
Resumen Sheet: The Resumen is the summary in Spanish. It must be in a single block, justified and containing at most 220 words. After the summary, it must be included five keywords in Spanish (Palabras Clave). The summary and keywords must be compatible with the summary and keywords in English and Portuguese.
Body Text: The body text must begin on a new page. Do not start a new page for each subtitle. Note that the conventional structure of a scientific paper must include Introduction, Theoretical Frame of Reference, Methodological Procedure, Findings and Analyses, References and optionally, Appendixes. The Theoretical Frame of Reference necessarily covers relevant Brazilian and international scientific output over the past five years. Appendices should be used as little as possible.
Figures, Tables and Diagrams: The titles and keys (when necessary) must always be in the body of the paper, together with the figures, tables and diagrams (main file) as well as in the individual files.
Citations and References: Whenever a source is mentioned, the surname(s) of the author(s) must be given, together with the year of publication. For direct quotes, the page of the reference work must be given. All quoted sources must be mentioned in the References after the Conclusion.
Standards for Presentation of the Work: The use of the current standards issued by the Brazilian Technical Standards Association (ABNT) is mandatory for presenting scientific works: NBR6022:2003; NBR6023:2002; NBR6028:2003; NBR10520:2002.

In order to submit a paper, the first author must necessarily be registered with this Journal. During the registration process, the author must select the author category as well as the reader category.

After registration, the author must access this Journal through a login and password, in order to submit a paper, opting for the author category on the user page. Next, the online submission option must be select on the About the Journal page. During the paper submission procedure, the first author will be requested to complete the registration information for the co-authors.

Brief Biography(ies) of the author and co-authors must necessarily be provided by the first author when submitting the paper. These brief biographies must have around fifty words and state their degrees, affiliation, positions and research interests. The degree requires two types of information: the highest academic title held by the author (e.g. Bachelor; Master; Doctor; Lecturer) and the awarding Institution. The affiliation corresponds to the main institution with which the author is currently affiliated. In both cases, the Institutionsmust be identified in full, and must necessarily show two organizational units, for example, college and university or department and college. Students must indicate the degree for which they are studying (Graduate, Master's, Doctorate) and must state the institution to which they are affiliated under affiliation. The degrees and affiliations of the authors (as completed during the submission process) will be published on the coversheet of the article, if approved. The full brief biographies of the authors (as completed during the submission process) will be made available for consultation by readers when accessing the paper through this Journal website.

Thanks and acknowledgments must be included during the submission process of the paper by the first author in the Development Agencies field. Please mention any significant grants received and give the URLs of the institutions or financing organizations. Add the phrase: "The financing entities had no influence on the design of the study, on the data collection and analysis, the decision to publish and the preparation of the paper. " Should this statement not be correct, it is not necessary to enter the sentence, and the first author must complete the Conflict of Interests field, explaining the role of the sponsors or financing entities on the work and the paper.

The contents of signed papers are the sole responsibility of their authors. Parts of papers may be quoted without prior authorization, provided that the source is identified.

After submission, the paper will be assessed in compliance with the Peer Review Process. This Journal reserves the right to request possible alterations in texts approved for publication. The first author will monitor the editorial process receiving requests for alterations and submitting revised versions of the paper through the desktop publishing system used by this Journal, with a login and password in the User / Author category.

The submitted papers must be unpublished in Brazil and elsewhere in the world. Papers presented previously at congresses, seminars and similar events may be sent in, provided that no constraints are imposed by the organizers of such events.

After approval of the paper, all the authors must register with this Journal, giving their correspondence and e-mail addresses, which will be published on the coversheet of the paper. The authors will receive the Assignment of Copyright document by e-mail, which must be signed by all the authors and sent back to this Journal by regular mail.

Papers submitted may not be under simultaneous review by other periodicals. Should this situation be ascertained, the paper will be rejected and the authors will be suspended from submitting papers for this Journal for three years. Moreover, the Editor of the periodical for which such simultaneous review process was identified will also be notified of this matter.


Manuscript submission

Papers must follow the RAM's editorial policies. Additional information about guidelines for authors and the adopted format by RAM are available in Papers must be submitted solely by the website of RAM.


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Tel.: +55 11-3214-5414