1. GENERAL RULES
1.1 All submitted manuscripts should be unpublished. The simultaneous
submission of manuscripts describing the same work to other journals
is not acceptable. The rights of publication are reserved, including
translations; subsequent publication is allowed with the citation of
1.2 The Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia receives
for publication original scientific work, reviews and divulgation articles
written only in English. The content of the text is the entire responsibility
of the author(s), and does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the
Editor, Section Editors or the members of the Editorial Board.
1.3 Language of publication is English. Manuscripts written
by authors whose mother language is not English should be checked by
a native speaker or a professional language editing service before submission
to improve the English. Assistance of independent editing services can
be found at http://journalexperts.com?rcode=BJP.
All services are paid for and arranged by the author, and use of one
of these services does not guarantee acceptance or preference for publication.
1.4 The Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia reserves
the right to submit all received manuscripts to ad hoc referees, whose
names will be kept confidential and who will have the authority to decide
on the pertinence for acceptance. Referees may send back manuscripts
for transmission to the author(s) with suggestions for necessary
alterations to the manuscripts which are to be made in order to conform
to the standards and editorial rules of the Journal.
1.5 Every idea and conclusion presented in a published paper
are the exclusive responsibility of the author(s), and do not necessarily
reflect the opinion of the Editor, Section Editors or the members of
the Editorial Board.
1.6 Every article involving studies with humans or animals should
have the approval of the Ethics Committees on Research on Human Beings
or on Animals of the institutions to which the author(s) belong, authorizing
1.7 All plant materials used in the described research should
be supported by an indication of the site (including GPS coordinates,
if possible) and country of origin, the name of the person identifying
the plant material and the location of the voucher specimen. Authors
should be prepared to provide documentary evidence that approval for
collection was afforded from an appropriate authority in the country
1.8 The following immediate rejection criteria apply: i) the
manuscript does not fall into of the areas of interest of the Journal;
ii) the manuscript is too preliminary, reporting activity data without
comparison to a reference, or without a positive control; iii) the botanical
source is not clearly identified, authenticated, and documented; iv)
experimental studies of antimicrobial and antioxidant activity with
crude extract, without isolation and identification of active compounds.
2. RULES FOR THE ELABORATION OF THE CONTRIBUTIONS
2.1 The author(s) should retain a copy (electronic and
paper) of the submitted manuscript, in the event the loss or damage
to the original sent to the journal.
2.2 The figures (photographs, charts, drawings etc.)
should be presented after the References and numbered consecutively
in Arabic numbers. The respective captions should be clear, concise,
without abbreviations, and be located underneath the figures. Their
respective position in the text should be indicated preferentially just
after their citation in the body of the manuscript.
2.3 Tables and charts should be presented after the References
and numbered consecutively using Arabic numbers. The tables (numeric
data) should not be closed by side lines. The respective captions should
be clear, concise, without abbreviations and located above the table.
There should be an indication of the approximate position in the text
where tables or charts should be placed, preferentially, just after
their citation in the body of the manuscript.
2.4 The captions of botanical illustrations should be
in accordance with the rules adopted by the Journal. Request the standards
3. TEXT FORMATTING AND CONTENTS OF THE WORK
3.1 Original Papers. Original papers are research articles describing
original experimental results. The manuscript should be arranged in
the order: Title, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods,
Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, References, Figure with Legends,
Tables, Structural Formulas. Results and Discussion sections may appear
as two separate parts or as a combined "Results and Discussion"
section. The normal length of the main text of an Original Paper, excluding
references, tables, figures and figure legends, is about 3,000 words.
In exceptional and well justified cases longer manuscripts may be accepted.
When submitting such manuscripts, authors should provide a justification
statement, giving compelling reasons for the length of the paper.
3.2 Short communication: This section will cover mainly the
isolation of known compounds from new neotropical fonts, or complementary
results of an ongoing work. The communication should be arranged in
the order: Title, Abstract of 200 words, Keywords, Introductory Remarks,
Materials and Methods with brief experimental details without subheadings,
Results and Discussion as one body of text without headlines, Acknowledgements,
References up to 20 citations, Figure and/or Tables up to 3. Authors
should limit the text, which should not exceed 2,000 words.
3.3 Reviews will generally be invited by the Editor-in-Chief.
They should be as concise as possible and do not need to include experimental
details. The main purpose of reviews is to provide a concise, accurate
introduction to the subject matter and inform the reader critically
of the latest developments in this area.
3.4. In addition to the Guidelines, a template (for original
papers) and a sample letter are available at www.sbfgnosia.org.br/revista.
Authors are urged to follow these formats when preparing a manuscript.
3.5 The originals should be printed on A4 size paper, double
spaced using Times New Roman font, font size 12, fully justified, and
with margins of 2 cm. They should have a maximum of fifteen and a minimum
of five pages including figures, tables and charts.
3.6 Title and subtitle: They should be in accordance with the
contents of the article, taking in consideration the scope and objectives
of the Journal. They should be in lower case, using Times New Roman
size 14 font. Plant name should be complete including author name and
Family according to http://www.tropicos.org.
3.7 Authors: The authors' names should appear underneath the
title, centered. The first and last name should appear complete, followed
by the initials of all other names (e.g. Carlos N. U. Silva or Carlos
N. Ubiratan Silva). In the case of several authors, their names should
be separated by commas.
3.8 Authors' affiliation: After each author name there should
be superscript Arabic numbers indicating the institution to which they
are affiliated. The list of institutions should appear immediately below
the list of authors. The name of the main author should be identified
with a superscript asterisk indicating the address to which all correspondence
should be sent. The electronic institutional address and telephone of
the main author should appear as a footnote at the first page. The Journal
will not publish commercial e-mail address.
3.9 Abstract: A brief and concise abstract (maximum 200 words)
of the article, in either the Portuguese and English language, highlighting
the more important information, the methodology, the results, and the
conclusions. This will allow the reader to evaluate their interest in
the article and thus avoid having to read the full work. For authors
outside Brazil, the abstract in Portuguese will be done by the journal.
3.10 Keywords: The authors should identify a maximum of six
Keywords to represent the content of the article. Keywords are very
important for data base searches, thus validating the article. The keywords
should be separated by commas.
3.11 Introduction: The Introduction should clearly establish
the objective of the work and its relationship with other works in the
same field. Extensive literature reviews should be replaced by references
to more recent publications, where these reviews have been published
and are available.
3.12 Material and methods: The description of the material and
the methods used should be brief, but sufficiently clear to make possible
the comprehension and the reproducibility of the work. Processes and
techniques already published, unless extensively modified, should be
3.13 Results: The Results should be presented with a minimum
personal discussion or interpretation, and whenever possible, be accompanied
by adequate tables and figures. The data, when pertinent, should be
submitted to statistical analysis.
3.14 Discussion: The Discussion must be restricted to the significance
of the obtained data and the achieved results, avoiding conclusions
not based on them. Alternatively, at the discretion of the author, the
Results and Discussion could be presented in one section.
3.15 Acknowledgements: This is an optional item and should appear
before the references.
The formatting of references should be standardized to conform to the
requirements of the journal as outlined:
4.1 References inside the text: in the beginning of the citation:
Author in lower case, followed by the year between parenthesis, e.g.
Pereira (1999); in the end of the citation: Author in lower case and
year, both between parenthesis. e.g. (Silva, 1999) or (Silva & Souza,
1998) or (Silva et al., 1999) or (Silva et al., 1995a,b); textual citation:
provide also the page, e.g. (Silva, 1999, p. 24).
4.2 The references should be presented in alphabetical order
by the last name of the first author, in lower case in ascending order
of the publication date. Take into consideration the following possibilities:
4.2.1 Article from a periodical: Title of the periodical in
italics abbreviated conform Chemical Abstracts Service Source Index
In the case of the authorized abbreviation of a certain periodical
can not be located and it is not obvious, the title should be cited
Vargas TOH 1996. Fatores climáticos responsáveis pela
morte de borboletas na região sul do Brasil. Rev Bras Assoc
Entomol 11: (100-105).
In case the cited journal can not be easily accessible, it is recommended
to present its Chemical Abstract Number, as follows:
Qu W, Li J, Wang M 1991. Chemical studies on Helicteres isora L.
Zhongguo Yaoke Daxue Xuebao 22: 203-206, apud Chemical
Abstracts 116: 124855r.
In a citation in a citation the sources should be shown in italics:
Wax ET 1977. Antimicrobial activity of Brazilian medicinal plants.
J Braz Biol Res 41: 77-82, apud Nat Prod Abs 23: 588-593, 1978.).
Costa AF 1996. Farmacognosia. Lisboa: Calouste Gulbenkian.
4.2.3 Book chapter:
Farias CRM, Ourinho EP 1999. Restauração dentária.
In: Goldaman GT (org.). A nova odontologia. 5. ed. Rio de Janeiro:
Guanabara Koogan, p. 95-112.
4.2.4 Thesis or dissertation materials:
Lima N 1991. Influência da ação dos raios solares
na germinação do nabo selvagem. Campinas, 755p.
Tese de Doutorado, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias, Universidade
Estadual de Campinas.
Romero MAV 1997. Estudo químico de Brunfelsia hopeana Benth
e do mecanismo de ação da escopoletina. João
Pessoa, 119 p. Dissertação de Mestrado, Programa de
Pós-graduação em Produtos naturais, Universidade
Federal da Paraíba.
Thomas G, Selak M, Henson PM 1996. Estudo da fração
aquosa do extrato etanólico das folhas de Cissampelos sympodialis
em neutrófi los humanos. XIV Simpósio de Plantas
Medicinais do Brasil. Florianópolis, Brasil.
Should be identified as indicated below, whenever possible the Chemical
Abstracts Service number should be informed.
Ichikawa M, Ogura M, Lijima T 1986. Antiallergic flavone glycoside
from Kalanchoe pinnatum. Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo Koho JP 61,118,396,
apud Chemical Abstracts 105: 178423q.
4.2.7 Internet pages:
Taylor L 2000. Plant based drugs and medicines. http://www.rain-tree.com/plantdrugs.htm,
acesso em outubro 2009.
Units will be in accordance with the International System (SI) as adopted
by the 11th General Conference on Weights and Measures. Common abbreviations
to be used are: m meter; ppm parts per million; cm centimeter; cpm counts
per minute; mm millimeter; dpm disintegrations per minute; µm
micrometer; nm nanometer; kg kilogram; g gram; mg milligram; µg
microgram; ng nanogram; LD50 medial lethal dose; mL milliliter; LC50
medial lethal concentration; µL micro liter; Hz hertz; s seconds;
M molar; min minutes; mM millimolar; h hours; M molar; µM micro
molar; SD standard deviation; N normal; SE standard error; Ci Curie;
TLV threshold limit value; X mean When using a word that is or is asserted
to be a proprietary term or trade mark, authors must use the symbol
6. 1 The quality of the illustrations depends on the quality
of the originals provided. Figures cannot be modified or enhanced by
the journal production staff. The graphics must be submitted as part
of the manuscript file. Contrast is important.
6.2 Remove all color from graphics, except for those graphics
that you would like to have considered for publication in color (see
Costs section below for details).
6.3 Upload each figure in either .tiff. .jpg or .eps format,
the figure number and the top of the figure indicated. Lettering must
be with Arial font of a reasonable size that would still be clearly
legible upon reduction, and consistent within each figure and set of
figures. Where a key to symbols is required, please include this in
the figure legend.
The journal will cover totally the costs of publication of papers of
up to fifteen pages, including tables and figures. Above this number
of pages, the expenses will be charged to the author(s). Color pictures
will not be accepted, unless the author(s) covers the extra expenses
for their publication, independent of the number of pages of the article.
8. PROOFS AND REPRINTS
Galley proofs will be sent to the corresponding author as a PDF file.
Rephrasing of sentences or additions are not permitted at the page proof
stage. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to ensure
that all authors listed on the manuscript agree with the changes made
on the proofs. Galley proofs should be returned within five days of
receipt in order to ensure timely publication of the manuscript.
For further information, please contact:
Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia
Prof. Cid Aimbiré M. Santos - Editor
Laboratório de Farmacognosia
Departamento de Farmácia - UFPR
Rua Pref. Lothario Meissner, 632 - Jd Botânico
80210-170, Curitiba-PR, Brasil