ISSN 0101-8175 printed version
ISSN 1806-969X online version

INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS

 

Scope and policy

GENERAL ORIENTATIONS

Revista Brasileira de Zoologia (RBZool), the journal of the Sociedade Brasileira de Zoologia (SBZ), publishes original scientific articles on Zoology, authored by members and non-members of the Society. Members of the SBZ publish free of charge, whereas non-members are required to pay page charges, as indicated in the updated price list published in the Society’s homepage (http://www.sbzoologia.org.br).

Manuscripts should be prepared preferentially in English but Portuguese is accepted. The authors should be aware that the intention of the editorial board of RBZool is to only publish articles in English in the near future. Manuscript submission to RBZool is available online only at the address http://submission.scielo.br/index.php/rbzool/index. Register in this page at least as author of the Revista Brasileira de Zoologia. The system is user-friendly and allows authors to monitor the submission process. All documents should be prepared with a word processor software (preferably MS WORD or compatible).

RBZool refrains from publishing simple occurrence notes, new records (e.g. geographic, host), distribution notes, case studies, list of species, and similar purely descriptive studies, unless well justified by the authors. Justification should be sent prior submission to the Managing Editor. A new journal, Zoologia Letters, is being prepared to attend the need of publication of significant new records, morphological and behavioral notes and other short notes considered of importance to the understanding of animal evolution, biogeography, or biology.

RESPONSIBILITY

Manuscripts are received by RBZool with the understanding that:

– all authors have approved submission;

– the results or ideas contained therein are original;

– the paper is not under consideration for publication elsewhere and will not be submitted elsewhere unless rejected by RBZool or withdrawn by written notification to the Managing Editor;

– if accepted for publication and published, the article, or portions thereof, will not be published elsewhere unless consent is obtained in writing from the Managing Editor;

– reproduction and fair use of articles in RBZool are permitted provided the intended use is for nonprofit educational purposes. All other use requires consent and fees where appropriate;

– the obligation for page charges and text revision fees is accepted by the authors.

– the authors are fully responsible for the scientific content and grammar of the article.

 

Form and preparation of manuscripts

FORMS OF PUBLICATION

Articles: original articles on all areas of the Zoology.

Short Communications: this form of publication represents succinct, definitive information (as opposed to preliminary results) that does not lend itself to inclusion in a typical, more comprehensive article. A new or modified technique may be presented as a research note only if the technique is not to be used in ongoing studies. Ordinarily, techniques are incorporated into the materials and methods section of a regular article.

Review articles: only invited reviews are published. Unsolicited reviews should not be submitted, but topics may be suggested to the editor or members of the editorial board.

Opinion: letters to the editor, comments on other publications and ideas, overviews and other texts that are characterized as the opinion of one or a group of scientists.

Book reviews: books having a broad interest to the membership of the Society are reviewed by invitation.

Short biography: biography of important zoologists that significantly contributed with the knowledge on animal sciences.

MANUSCRIPTS

The text should be left-justified and the pages numbered. The front page must include: 1) the title of the article including the name(s) of the higher taxonomic category(ies) of the animals treated; 2) the name(s) of the author(s) with their professional affiliation. 3) Name of the Corresponding Author with complete addresses for correspondence, including e-mail; 4) an abstract and key words in same language of the article, or in Portuguese if the article is in English, and equivalent to those used in the English abstract; 5) up to five key words in English, in alphabetical order and different of those words used in the title. The total information on the items 1 to 5 cannot exceed 3,500 characters including the spaces.

Literature citations should be typed in small capitals, as follows: Smith (1990), (Smith 1990), Smith (1990: 128), Smith (1990, 1995), Lent & Jurberg (1965), Guimarães et al. (1983). Articles by the same author or sequences of citations should be in chronological order.

Only the names of genera and species should be typed in italics. The first citation of an animal or plant taxon in the text must be accompanied by its author’s name in full, the date (of plants, if possible) and the family.

The manuscript of scientific articles should be organized as indicated below. Other major sections and subdivisions are possible but the Managing Editor and the Editorial Committee should accept the proposed subdivision.

Articles and Invited Review

Title. Avoid verbiage such as “preliminary studies on...” and “biology or ecology of...”. Do not use author and date citations with scientific names in the title. When taxon names are mentioned in the title, it should be followed by the indication of higher categories in parenthesis.

Abstract. The abstract should be factual (as opposed to indicative) and should outline the objective, methods used, conclusions, and significance of the study. Text of the abstract should not be subdivided nor should it contain literature citations. It should contain a single paragraph.

Key words. Up to five key words in English, in alphabetical order and different of those words used in the title, separated by semicolon. Avoid using composite key words.

Resumo. The abstract in Portuguese equivalent to those used in the English abstract.

Palavras-chave. Up to five key words in Portuguese and equivalent to those used in the English key words.

Introduction. The introduction should establish the context of the paper by stating the general field of interest, presenting findings of others that will be challenged or expanded, and specifying the specific question to be addressed. Accounts of previous work should be limited to the minimum information necessary to give an appropriate perspective. The introduction should not be subdivided.

Material and Methods. This section should be short and concise. It should give sufficient information to permit repetition of the study by others. Previously published or standard techniques must be referenced, but not detailed. If the material and methods section is short, it should not be subdivided. Avoid extensive division into paragraphs.

Results. This section should contain a concise account of the new information. Tables and figures are to be used as appropriate, but information presented in them should not be repeated in the text. Avoid detailing methods and interpreting results in this section.

Taxonomic papers have a distinct style that must be adhered to in preparing a manuscript. In taxonomic papers the results section is to be replaced by a section headed DESCRIPTION, beginning at the left-hand margin. The description is followed with a taxonomic summary section. The taxonomic summary section comprises a listing of site, locality and specimens deposited (with respective collection numbers). The appropriate citation sequence and format include: Country, Province or State: City or County (minor area as locality, neighborhood, and others, lat long, altitude, all in parenthesis), number of specimens, sex, collection date, collector followed by the word leg., collection number. This is a general guideline that should be adapted to different situations and groups. Several examples can be found at the website of SBZ. The taxonomic summary is followed by a remarks section. The remarks section replaces the discussion of other articles and gives comparisons to similar taxa. Museum accession numbers for appropriate type material (new taxa) and for voucher specimens (surveys) are required. Type specimens, especially holotypes (syntypes, cotypes), should not be maintained in a private collection. Appropriate photographic material should be deposited if necessary. Frozen tissues must also include accession numbers if deposited in a museum.

Discussion. An interpretation and explanation of the relationship of the results to existing knowledge should appear in the discussion section. Emphasis should be placed on the important new findings, and new hypotheses should be identified clearly. Conclusions must be supported by fact or data. Subdivision are possible.

Acknowledgments. These should be concise. Ethics require that colleagues be consulted before being acknowledged for their assistance in the study.

Literature Cited. Citations are arranged alphabetically. All references cited in the text must appear in the literature cited section and all items in this section must be cited in the text. Citation of unpublished studies or reports is not permitted, i.e., a volume and page number must be available for serials and a city, publisher, and full pagination for books. Abstracts not subjected to peer review may not be cited. Work may be cited as “in press” only exceptionally. If absolutely necessary, a statement may be documented in the text of the paper by “pers. comm.”, providing the person cited is aware of the manuscript and the reference to his person therein. Personal communications do not appear in the Literature Cited section.

The references cited in the text should be listed at the end of the manuscript, according to the examples below.

The title of each periodical must be complete, without abbreviations.

Periodicals

Nogueira, M.R.; A.L. Peracchi & A. Pol. 2002. Notes on the lesser white-lined bat, Saccopteryx leptura (Schreber) (Chiroptera, Emballonuridae), from southeastern Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 19 (4): 1123-1130.

Lent, H. & J. Jurberg. 1980. Comentários sobre a genitália externa masculina em Triatoma Laporte, 1832 (Hemiptera, Reduviidae). Revista Brasileira de Biologia 40 (3): 611-627.

Smith, D.R. 1990. A synopsis of the sawflies (Hymenoptera, Symphita) of America South of the United States: Pergidae. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 34 (1): 7-200.

Books

Hennig, W. 1981. Insect phylogeny. Chichester, John Wiley, XX+514p.

Chapter of book

Hull, D.L. 1974. Darwinism and historiography, p. 388-402. In: T.F. Glick (Ed.). The comparative reception of Darwinism. Austin, University of Texas, IV+505p.

Electronic resources

Marinoni, L. 1997. Sciomyzidae. In: A. Solis (Ed.). Las Familias de insectos de Costa Rica. Available at: http://www.inbio. ac.cr/papers/insectoscr/texto630.html [date of access].

Illustrations and Tables. Photographs, line drawings, graphs, and maps should be termed figures. Photos must be clear and have good contrast. Please, organize, whenever possible, line drawings (including graphics, if it is the case) as plates of figures or pictures considering the size of the page of the journal. Never create plates with line figures and half-tone together!

The size of an illustration, if necessary, should be indicated using horizontal or vertical scale bars (never as a magnification in the legend).

Each figure must be numbered in Arabic numerals in the lower right corner. When preparing the illustrations, authors should bear in mind that the journal has a matter size of 17.0 by 21.0 cm and a column size of 8,3 by 21,0 cm including space for captions. Figures must be referred to in numerical sequence in the text; indicate the approximate placement of each figure in the margins of the manuscript.

All figures should be inserted at the end of the text, following the tables for review purposes. The authors should be aware that, if accepted for publication in RBZool, all figures and graphics should be sent to the editor in the adequate quality (below).

Illustrations must be saved and sent as separate TIFF files with LZW compression. The required final resolution is 300 dpi for half-tone or color photos and 600 dpi for line art. Do not send original drawings or photos when submitting the manuscript unless specifically requested by the editor. Color figures can be published if the additional cost is covered by the author. These figures should be also incorporated, with a lower resolution, directly in the manuscript for review purposes only.

Tables should be generated by the table function of the word-processing program being used, numbered in Roman numerals and inserted after the list of figures captions.

Captions of the figures should be typewritten right after the References. Use a separate paragraph for the caption of each figure or group of figures.

Short Communications

Manuscripts are to be organized in a format similar to original articles with the following modifications.

Text. The text of a research note (i.e. Introduction + Material and methods + Discussion) is written directly, without sections. Acknowledgments may be given, without heading, as the last paragraph. Literature is cited in the text as described for articles.

Literature cited, tables, figure captions, and figures. These items are in the form and sequence described for articles.

Opinions

Title. Simply provide a title for the opinion

Text. Should be concise, objective and contain no figures (unless absolutely necessary).

Name and address of author. This information follows the text or, if present, the literature cited section. The reviewer’s name should be in bold type.

Book reviews

Title. Give the title of the book, cited as indicated below:

Toxoplasmosis of Animals and Man, by J.P. Dubey & C.P. Beattie. 1988. Boca Raton, CRC Press, 220p.

The words “edited by” are substituted for “by” when appropriate.

Text. The text usually is not subdivided. If literature must be cited, a headed literature cited section follows the text in the style described for articles. Figures and tables should not be used.

Name and address of author. This information follows the text or, if present, the literature cited section. The reviewer’s name should be in bold type.

Short biographies

Title. Give the name of the person for which this biography is being written in boldface, followed by the date of birth and death (if it is the case), in parenthesis.

Lauro Travassos (1890-1970)

Text. The text usually is not subdivided. If literature must be cited, a headed literature cited section follows the text in the style described for articles. Figures and tables should not be used.

Name and address of author. This information follows the text or, if present, the literature cited section. The reviewer’s name should be in bold type.

PROCEDURES

Manuscripts submitted to RBZool will be initially evaluated by the Managing and Assistant Editor for adequacy and to determine the specific area. A first evaluation of the English (if it is the case) is performed at this moment. Manuscripts with problems may be returned to the authors. Once the area is determined/confirmed, the manuscript is sent to the appropriate Section Editor by the Managing Editor. The Section Editor sends the manuscript for Reviewers. The copies of the manuscript with the Reviewers’ comments and the Section Editor’s decision will be returned to the corresponding author for evaluation. Once approved, copies of the manuscript, Reviewers comments, Section Editor’s comments, together with the corrected version and the respective figure files, properly identified, must be returned to the Managing Editor (always using the online system of submission). Exceptionally, the Managing Editor may, after consultation with the Section Editors, modify the recommendation of Reviewers if well justified. Later changes or additions to the manuscript may be rejected. Electronic proofs will be e-mailed to the corresponding author prior to publication.

REPRINTS

The corresponding author will receive an electronic reprint (in PDF format) after publication. Authors may print and distribute hardcopies of their article on demand. Authors may also send the electronic file to individuals, as one would send a printed reprint. However, we would appreciate if you refrain from distributing PDF files via discussion groups and bulk-mail systems.  It is important for RBZool that users access the journal homepage for statistical purposes.  Thus, by doing this, you are helping increase the indexes of quality of RBZool.

VOUCHER AND TYPE SPECIMENS

Manuscripts must report the museums or the institutions where the specimens (types or vouchers) are deposited and respective deposit numbers whenever possible.

 

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