ISSN 0034-737X printed version
ISSN 2177-3491 on-line version



Scope and Policy

Revista Ceres is a scientific journal bimonthly published by the Universidade Federal de Viçosa (CNPJ: 25.944.455.0001/96). The journal is devoted to publish original papers related to plant production and biotechnology, veterinary medicine, animal husbandry, food science and technology, agricultural economics and rural extension, agricultural engineering and forestry The journal is intended for researchers, professors, students and other professionals of Agricultural and Biological Sciences and aims to publish scientific articles of interest to the scientific community linked to the Agricultural and Biological Sciences.

The whole publishing process is managed on-line at Manuscripts submitted for publication will be approved after review by two referees (experts in the field), an associate editor and the editorial commission. A list of collaborators who has assisted in the preparation of each volume is provided in the last issue of each year. Before publication, articles will be submitted to Portuguese and English reviews. Authors can track their papers' progress online at the journal's website.

Copyright of manuscripts accepted for publication will be assigned to Revista Ceres. The journal does not accept responsibility for statements, information or opinion made by the authors. All submitted manuscripts must be original work that is not under submission elsewhere. All manuscripts must be submitted online at

To proceed with submission, the corresponding author must apply for registration via e-mail sent to, stating full name, Social Security Number, article title and area off expertise. Co-authors should send e-mails to the same address, indicating their agreement to manuscript submission. Once registered, the manuscript must be sent by following the instructions listed on the "manuscript submission" icon at the home page. Manuscripts that do not comply with journal standards will be immediately returned to authors.

When it comes to Animal Science, the journal only accepts articles that are approved by an Ethics Committee. Papers that have not been submitted to a committee evaluation will be analyzed by the Viçosa University's Veterinarian Department's Ethics Committee which maintains partnership with the Revista Ceres.  

Published articles are available online at the journal's website. Access is free and unrestricted.


The Journal publishes full-length research papers, short communications, invited review articles and letters to the editor.

Standard research papers: Should report complete and original work, in which the reproducibility of results is clearly established. The full text should not exceed 25 pages, including references, figures and tables.

Short communications: Should report conclusive results and not preliminary data. It is an alternative format to describe, more concisely, partial results of a larger work, or reporting conclusive results based on a smaller amount of data. The full text should not exceed 10 printed pages, including references, figures and tables.

Reviews: Should be an in-depth report on the state-of-the-art of a particular topic written at the invitation of the Editorial Board, with unlimited number of pages.

Letters to the Editor: Should present, in an informal way, technical and scientific topics of interest to the agricultural and biological sciences community. Their publication will be determined by the Editorial Board.


Form and preparation of manuscripts



The manuscript text should be written in Portuguese, English or Spanish in formal style. English spelling should follow the Webster`s Third New International Dictionary. Portuguese spelling should be according to Vocabulário Ortográfico da Língua Portuguesa of the Academia Brasileira de Letras. Spanish spelling should follow the Dicionario de La Lengua Española of the Real Academia Española. Papers submitted in English and Spanish must contain an abstract in Portuguese and vice versa. The text should be typed using size 12 Times New Roman, double spaced and fully justified. Page size should correspond to A4, with 3-cm margins. The paper file should be submitted in Microsoft Word format (versions 98/2000/2003/XP). It is advisable to examine a recent issue for further information on the sections of an article or short communication as described below.


Title: Should be center justified, in bold and not exceed 15 words, with only the first letter of the first word capitalized and the other words lowercased, except in appropriate cases (eg., scientific names: Phaseolus vulgaris). When necessary, insert a footnote at the end, using superscript Arabic numerals.

Authors' names: The authors' names should be listed in sequence and centered below the title, written in full and capitalized. Each name should be followed by an identifying superscript Arabic numeral associated with the appropriate information about the authors' professional training, highest degree, affiliated department and institution, address (street, number, district, zip code, city, state, country and e-mail) to be entered further down the page. The corresponding author must be indicated.

Footnote: Should provide information about the work (whether it was from a thesis or dissertation, etc.. and funding source) and the author's information.

Abstract, Resumen or Resumo: The words ABSTRACT, RESUMEN or RESUMO should flush to the left margin, all capitalized and bold. It must be written in the language chosen by the author(s). The text of this section should start with one or two introductory lines, be one-paragraph long and not exceed 250 words.

Key words, Palabras clave ou Palavras-chave: At least three and at most six terms, in a paragraph subsequent to the ABSTRACT, preferably without repeating same words used in the title.

Abstract or Resumo: If the article is written in Portuguese or Spanish, the abstract in this section must be submitted in English. If it is written in English, the abstract in this section must be submitted in Portuguese. The words ABSTRACT or RESUMO should flush to the left margin, all capitalized and bold. The title in Portuguese or English should be placed on the next line to the heading of this section, centered, in bold and with the first letter of the first word capitalized. The text of the Abstract or Resumo should correspond to the Resumo or Abstract previously submitted

Key words or Palavras-chave: In a paragraph subsequent to the Resumo. They must correspond to the key words of the Abstract and vice-versa.

Introduction: The word INTRODUCTION should flush to the left margin, all capitalized and bold. The introduction should emphasize the scientific problem to be solved in the work, inform the reader the importance of the research and present its relation with other published works on the subject. The final paragraph must contain a statement which clearly and explicitly states the objectives of the study.

Material and Methods: The heading of this section, MATERIAL AND METHODS, should flush to the left margin, all capitalized and bold. This section should describe in detail how the work was performed in such a way that another researcher may be able to replicate it.

Results and Discussion: The heading of this section, RESULTS AND DISCUSSION, should flush to the left margin, all capitalized and bold. The text must be clear, concise and supported by the literature. Results and discussion are sections that can come together or separate.

NOTICE: The sections Material and Methods and Results and Discussion may contain subsections indicated by headings written in italic and bold, capital and small letters and centered.

Conclusions: The word CONCLUSIONS should flush to the left margin, all capitalized and bold. The conclusions should be concise and present new findings of the research based on data presented and discussed in the study.

Acknowledgements: Acknowledgments, if any, should be placed after Conclusions and before the References.

References: the word REFERENCES should flush to the left margin, all capitalized and bold. References should be listed in alphabetical order. Use the format as in the following examples:

a) Journal articles:

Anselme KL (2000) Review: Osteoblast adhesion on biomaterials. Biomaterials, 21:667-681.

Davies JE & Baldan N (1997) Scan electron microscopy of the bone-bioactive implant interface. Journal of Biomedical Material Research, 36:429-440.

Conz MB, Granjeiro JM & Soares GA (2005) Physicochemical characterization of six commercial hydroxyapatites for medical-dental applications on bone graft. Journal of Applied Oral Sciences, 13:136-140.

b) Books:

Orefice RL, Pereira MM & Mansur HS (2006) Biomateriais. Fundamentos e aplicações. 3ª ed. Rio de Janeiro, Cultura Médica. 538p.

c) Book chapters:

Costa EF, Brito RAL & Silva EM (1994) Cálculos e manejo da quimigação nos sistemas pressurizados. In: Costa EF, Vieira RF & Viana PA (Eds.) Quimigação. Aplicação de produtos químicos e biológicos via irrigação. Brasília, EMBRAPA. p. 183-200.

d) Conference proceedings articles:

Junqueira Netto A, Sediyama T, Sediyama CS & Rezende PM (1982) Análise de adaptabilidade e estabilidade de dezesseis cultivares de feijoeiro (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) em seis municípios do sul de Minas Gerais. In: 1ª Reunião Nacional de Pesquisa de Feijão, Goiânia. Anais, EMBRAPA/CNPAF). p.47-48.

e) Theses and dissertations:

Wutke EB (1998) Desempenho do feijoeiro em rotação com milho e adubos verdes. Tese de Doutorado. Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz", Piracicaba, 146 p.

f) CD-ROM:

França MHC & Omar JHDH (2004) Estimativa da função de produção do arroz no estado do Rio Grande do Sul: 1969 a 1999. In: 2º Encontro de Economia Gaúcha, Porto Alegre. Anais, FEE. CD-ROM.

g) Web site:

Darolt MR & Skora Neto F (2002) Sistema de plantio direto em agricultura orgânica. Available at: <>. Accessed on: 23 April 2009.

h) Technical Bulletins:

Bastos DC, Scarpare Filho JA, Fatinansi JC, Pio R & Spósito MB (2004) A cultura da lichia. Piracicaba, DIBD/ESALQ. 23p. (Boletim técnico, 26).

Any citations made in the manuscript text must be presented in the format: (Author, Year), (Author & Author, Year), (Author et al., Year) or (Silva, 1999; Arariki & Borges, 2003, Santos et al., 2007), always in ascending chronological order. The reference should be cited at the end of a sentence that expresses a complete idea. When the authors` names are part of the text, the date of the cited publication comes in brackets after the author`s name, as in the examples: Fontes (1999), Borges & Loreno (2007), Batista et al. (2005).

Citing indirect sources: All efforts should be undertaken to consult the primary source, the source of the original information; however, if it is essential, secondary source can be used as follows: in your in-text citation, cite the last name of the author of the primary source and the year of publication followed by the phrase "as cited in" and the last name of the author of the secondary source and the year of publication, as in the example: According to Borges (2003) as cited in Smith (2007) or According to Borges (2003, as cited in Smith, 2007). The full citation of the secondary source must be included in the reference list.

Personal communication: Do not include personal communication in the reference list, only in a footnote. Cite the communicator's last name followed by the phrase "Personal communication", the date of the communication, and name, state and country of the institution to which the communicator is linked.


The figures and tables should be added as individual pages at the end of the document, numbered with Arabic numerals and captions should be placed below the figures and above the tables. Figures and tables should not repeat the same data. Figures submitted in the electronic version must provide a minimum resolution of 300 dpi in TIFF or JPG format. Figures that have already been published must contain, under the captions, information on their source (author, date). The full bibliographic reference of the figures' source must be included in the reference list. Authors will be charged for costs of color figures.

Table: The term refers to the set of alphanumeric data arranged in rows and columns. Tables should not contain any vertical lines; draw horizontal lines to separate the head and the foot of the table. The title comes after the word Table, sequentially numbered in Arabic numerals and is introduced in the text as Table.

Figure: It refers to any diagram, picture or a combination of points and lines and planes that form a visible shape: drawings, photographs, maps, graphs, diagrams, charts, scatter plots etc. Figures should allow high quality reproduction and be self-explanatory. The caption comes after the word Figure sequentially numbered in Arabic numerals and is introduced in the text as Figure.


The Journal charges a publication fee of US$ 112 (&#128;86) (plus an additional US$ 67 / &#128;42 per color figure), on the return of the printing proofs. Payment must be done by Electronic Invoice generated by the Ceres website The printed invoice can be paid in a bank or ATM and sent via FAX (0XX 31 38992136) to Revista Ceres. Inform via e-mail the date and invoice number when deposits do not identify the authors (various funding sources).


Submission of manuscripts

All manuscripts must be submitted online at To proceed with submission, the corresponding author must apply for registration via e-mail sent to Once registered, the manuscript must be submitted, following the instructions listed on the "manuscript submission" icon at the home page. Submission will be acknowledged and the corresponding author will receive the paper protocol number. When the reviewer's comments are available, the requested corrections should be made by clicking on the icon "manuscript status". In the Open Dialogue box, the suggestions can be viewed by clicking on the paper protocol number, on the left. Changes should be submitted in Word 98/2000/2003/XP format, attached to the corresponding field and sent to Revista Ceres. After sending, a dialog box opens for any comments by the author. 


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