ISSN 1415-4714 printed version
ISSN 1984-0381 online version



Scope and Policies of the Journal

The Latin-American Journal for Fundamental Psychopathology [Revista Latinoamericana de Psicopatologia Fundamental (RLPF)] is the official journal of the University Association for Research in Fundamental Psychopathology (AUPPF), a scientific society that brings together university professors from around the world.

The journal is dedicated to publishing original editorials, articles and book reviews in psychopathology that take subjectivity into account. It also publishes little-known texts that nonetheless constitute important and useful historical sources. Articles and essays resulting from research using the clinical method based on case studies with questions yet to be investigated are especially important for the journal.

The journal is managed by two editors-in-charge, by associate editors who are responsible for the specific sections, as well as by participating editorial and scientific boards.

The "Editorial" is signed by the editors-in-charge or a guest. It may also be submitted by experts in the subject matter. It shall provide scientific content that justifies its indexing, publishing and performance tracking and must include data of authorship, institutional affiliation, references, and contents that has the potential to be quoted.

The editors-in-charge are responsible for the “Articles” section, which only publishes original articles in Portuguese, English, Spanish or French.

The section on “Mental Health” publishes original articles on this theme from different countries.

“Observing Medicine” includes original articles and essays that discuss recent controversial trends in the field of medicine.

“Classics of Psychopathology” includes original articles and essays on clinical and descriptive psychopathology of the eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth century.

“History of Psychiatry” consists of original articles and essays on the subject that are based on relevant historical sources.

“Observing Psychiatry ” consists of original articles on contradictory issues of that field.

“Literature, Art, Psychopathology” contains articles that examine psychopathological aspects of literary works.

“Book Reviews”. Only critical reviews will be accepted that provide new knowledge and go beyond the simple summary of a work.

Evaluation by peer reviewers
All articles published are commented on by outside consultants. Whenever possible, the decision whether or not to accept an article for publication will be made within two months as of the date of its receipt. The evaluation of the article is sent to the authors, but the consultants themselves remain anonymous. The Editorial Committee reserves the right to introduce any changes needed to adapt the texts to the journal's editorial possibilities. For substantial changes, the authors will be consulted in advance.

The RLPF does not charge any fees for publishing articles.


Form and preparation of manuscripts

1 Objective

The Latin American Journal of Fundamental Psychopathology is a four-monthly official vehicle of the University Association of Research in Fundamental Psychopathology; its purpose is to disseminate scientific works that may contribute to the advancement of knowledge about the treatment and prevention of psychic suffering (pathos). The journal gives priority to the publication of articles and essays resulting from research using the clinical method, that is, based on clinical cases presenting obscure and enigmatic aspects.

2 Peer Review Process

In the article peer review process for publication, the originality, the relevance of the theme and the quality of the scientific methodology used in the article will be evaluated, in addition to the editorial norms adopted by the journal. Articles about analysis of books or movie characters will not be accepted. Undergraduate, masters or doctoral students may submit their articles for publication, giving preference to those written in co-authorship with their advisors.

3 Originality of the Material

The content of the material sent for publication in the Latin American Journal of Fundamental Psychopathology should not have been previously published nor submitted for publication elsewhere. To be published in other publications, even partially, manuscripts require written approval from the Responsible Editor. The concepts and statements contained in the work are the sole responsibility of the authors.

4 Order of authorship
The author responsible for the integrity of the article as a whole should be cited as the first author. Co-authors are supervisors or people responsible for writing a part of the article.

5 Acknowledgments

All contributors - readers of draft versions, sources of information and statisticians - should receive explicit acknowledgment in note at the end of the article.

6 Submission of the Manuscript

The manuscript may be written in Portuguese, Spanish, French or English.
Articles should be submitted through the online submission system, available at

6.1 Title
Title of the article should be concise and complete, describing the main subject of the manuscript.

6.2 Abstract
The abstract should identify objectives, procedures and conclusions of the work. It should be written very carefully, as it guides the reader in the decision of reading the article or not. It is often the only part of the article that is read.

6.3 Keywords
The descriptors or keywords should be four (4) expressions that represent the subject treated in the work, and should be provided by the author in Chinese (Mandarin), German, Spanish, French, English and Portuguese.

6.4 Authors and Institutions

  • Names will be published as they were submitted;
  • Academic qualification and indication of the institution to which each author is affiliated, with its full address, should be included.

6.5 Cover Letter
All authors should sign the cover letter sent to the Editor-in-Chief.
In the letter, authors should disclose any conflicts of interest (professional, financial and direct or indirect benefits) that may influence the results of the research. Similarly, authors should disclose all sources of funding involved in the work. Authors should also ensure that they have respected the privacy and anonymity of the persons involved in the research. An approval by the Ethics Committee of the Institution where the work was performed –when referring to interventions (diagnostic or therapeutic) in humans, preferably via Plataforma Brasil-, should be provided.

6.6 Files Submission
Title Page, Main Document, Figures, Tables, Cover Letter, and a justification of the participation of each one of the authors should be provided.

6.6.1 Title page

  • The itle of the article should be concise and complete, describing the main subject of the manuscript. Reviews should provide a title in German, Chinese (Mandarin), English, French, Spanish and Portuguese.
  • Authors: a) Names will be published as they were submitted; b) Academic qualification and indication of the institution to which each author is affiliated, with its full address, should be included; c) The author responsible for the integrity of the article as a whole should be cited as the first author. Co-authors are supervisors or people responsible for writing a part of the article.
  • Other information: a) Name of the research group and institution where the work was carried out; b) If funded, the entity that granted the funding should be indicated; c) If based on a dissertation or academic thesis, title, year and institution where it was presented should be included; d) If presented at a scientific meeting, the name of the event, place and date should be included.

6.6.2 Main document

  • Preparation of the manuscript: For the presentation of scientific articles, the Latin American Journal of Fundamental Psychopathology adopts the American Psychological Association (APA) style, 6th edition (the style can be seen in APA's Essential Rules of Style (2012), www Articles should be double spaced, typed in Times New Roman, 12 point. The article should not exceed 50,000 characters with spaces. Reviews should not exceed 7,000 characters with spaces.
  • Structure of the manuscript:

Abstracts: Five abstracts with the same content, in Portuguese, Spanish, French, English and German should be presented. Abstracts should identify objectives, procedures and conclusions of the work and should be written very carefully, as they guide the reader to decide whether to read the article or not. Abstracts should contain a maximum of seven lines or 490 characters with space, and be clear and precise, revealing the general content of the article and the main conclusions. The abstract is an independent text of the article. It should be written at the end, after the final version of the article is done.
Descriptors: The descriptors or keywords should be four (4) expressions that represent the subject treated in the work, and should be provided by the author in Chinese (Mandarin), German, Spanish, French, English and Portuguese.
Titles, subtitles: The text should have an easy-to-recognize organization, signaled by a system of titles and subtitles that reflect this organization.
Footnotes: These are non-bibliographical notes placed at the foot of the pages. Footnotes should be reduced to a minimum and be ordered by Arabic numerals appearing immediately after the text segment to which the footnote refers.
The bibliographic notes should follow the author/date system, and include the page in parentheses after the citation.
Acknowledgments: The acknowledgments should be brief, direct and directed only to people or institutions that have contributed substantially to the preparation of the paper and should come before the bibliographic references.
References: References and citations should follow the American Psychological Association (APA) style and appear at the end of the article, in alphabetical order by surname. Authors should make sure that the references cited in the text are included in the list of references with exact dates and correctly spelled authors' names. The accuracy of these references is responsibility of the authors. Personal communications, unpublished or ongoing work may be cited when absolutely necessary, and should not be included in the list of references –only in the text or footnotes-.
If the list of references does not follow the adopted style, works can be rejected, without revision of content.
6.6.3 Tables
Tables should be submitted in separate files and should not be included in the main document.
6.6.4 Figures
Not-produced-electronically figures should be forwarded in photo quality without exceeding the dimensions 10x13cm. Pictures with images should be recorded in Adobe PhotoShop 6.0 or higher. Do not save in .BMP or compressed formats. Give preference to the uncompressed TIF format.
When using a scanner to reproduce pictures, give resolutions of at least 500 DPI, in the Draw (drawing) or Gray Scale (photos) modes.
Figures should be submitted in separate files and should not be included in the main document.

7 Copyright

All content in this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons License.


Submission of manuscripts

Procedures for processing manuscripts:
As soon the journal receives a manuscript, it is sent to an outside consultant for comments, accompanied by a letter and the guideline presented below. The comments are then sent to the authors to make the suggested changes.
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicopatologia Fundamental uses the system of evaluation of articles by anonymous outside consultants, following the policy adopted by the São Paulo State Research Support Foundation (Fapesp). Consultants have access to the names of the authors, but the names of the outside consultants for articles submitted for publication are confidential. Once a year, the journal publishes a complete list of outside consultants who have commented on the texts published in the volume.
Letter to outside consultant:
Professor (name) 
Dear Dr......:
I am sending you the enclosed article, entitled............, for your analysis, detailed comments and opinion. This text has been received for publication in Revista Latinoamericana de Psicopatologia Fundamental.
The comments and opinion should be presented in the attached form and returned within four weeks.Should you not be able to meet this deadline, please inform us as soon as possible.

shown on it should be explicitly treated in your opinion.
Considering the great number of articles received by the journal and the constant concern for a standard of excellence, I would ask that you make your opinion as strict as possible. I would also ask for your special attention to the importance and relevance of the article, since this journal concerns Fundamental Psychopathology and not psychoanalysis, psychology, psychiatry or any such field. The question of mental suffering should therefore be present, although interfaces among different areas dedicated to this issue are considered important. The journal gives special attention to articles based on the clinical method. Texts consisting of bibliographic reviews and disclosure are generally not considered appropriate for this publication.
If for any reason you are not able to issue an opinion, we would appreciate receiving suggestions as to the name and address of some other ad hoc consultant for this respective article.
The names of outside consultants for Revista Latinoamericana de Psicopatologia Fundamental are kept completely confidential.
Thank you for your participation and cooperation.

Dr. Manoel Tosta Berlinck 

Guideline for evaluators' opinions
Title of article:
Please check your options for the questions below, and comment freely in writing.
1. Editorial line: Would you classify this article as being within the field of psychopathology that takes subjectivity into consideration? 
( ) yes ( ) no
If not, please suggest reformulations in your comments, below.
2. Title: Does the title precisely and sufficiently reflect the article's contents?
( ) yes ( ) no
3. Abstract:

3.1. Does the abstract precisely and sufficiently reflect the article's contents? 
( ) yes ( ) no 

3.2. Does the abstract contain the number of characters indicated in the instructions? 
( ) yes ( ) no

4. Keywords: Are the keywords appropriate to the text and are they four in number? 
( ) yes ( ) no

5. Pertinence: Is the topic treated in the article pertinent for publication in the journal?
( ) yes ( ) no
6. Method:
6.1. The basis of the text is predominantly: 
a. Clinical (based on a case or case fragment)? 
( ) yes ( ) no 
b. Medical, based on evidence or proof? 
( ) yes ( ) no 
c. Epidemiological? ( ) yes ( ) no 
d. Historical? ( ) yes ( ) no 
e. Socio-political? ( ) yes ( ) no 
f. Theoretical? ( ) yes ( ) no 
g. Philosophical? ( ) yes ( ) no 
i. Artistic? ( ) yes ( ) no 
j. Ideological (based on judgments of value without empirical grounds)? 
( ) yes ( ) no 
k. Other? (Please specify)
6.2. Does the text have clear, precise and succinct indications of the argument used in coming to the conclusions? 
( ) yes ( ) no
6.3. Is the argument presented in the article predominantly inductive? That is, does it move from observation to the abstract? Or is it predominantly deductive, meaning, does it move from general and abstract sentences toward the conclusions? 
( ) inductive ( ) deductive
6.4. What relationships with time are involved in the text?
6.4.1. Is the argument presented in a hurried manner?
( ) yes ( ) no
6.4.2. Is the argument governed mainly by mechanically applied or hollow-sounding sentences? 
( ) yes ( ) no
6.4.3. Is the argument based on a problematic situation where one can note a discrepancy between what is and what should be (or was) expected? 
( ) yes ( ) no
6.4.4. Does the text show a clear distinction between judgments of reality and judgments of value? ( ) yes ( ) no

6.5. If the text is clinical, are there clear and precise references to the singularity of the case in terms of the way each patient is received and treated, according to a set of unique particularities and contingencies that govern her or his life? 
( ) yes ( ) no

6.5.1. If the text is clinical, is the account of the fragment of a case used as the grounds for the metapsychological arguments? 
( ) yes ( ) no
6.5.2. If the text is clinical, is the account of the fragment of the case used to illustrate or exemplify the theory? 
( ) yes ( ) no
6.6. Into which basic category would you classify the psychopathology discussed in the article? 
6.6.1. Medicine of the soul? ( ) yes ( ) no 
6.6.2. Descriptive psychiatry? ( ) yes ( ) no 
6.6.3. American Association of Psychiatry (disorders described in the DSM)? 
( ) yes ( ) no 
6.6.4. The World Health Organization (ICD)? 
( ) yes ( ) no 
6.6.5. Psychoanalysis? ( ) yes ( ) no 
6.6.6. Other (Please specify) 
6.7. If the text is clinical, is the relationship based predominantly on: 
6.7.1. Medical semiology? ( ) yes ( ) no 
6.7.2. Anthropological observation? ( ) yes ( ) no 
6.7.3. The interdisciplinary semiology of mental health? 
( ) yes ( ) no 
6.7.4. Transference/counter-transference? 
( ) yes ( ) no 
6.7.5. Other (Please specify) 
6.8. If the text is clinical, was intervention involved? 
( ) yes ( ) no 
6.8.1. If yes, is the method of intervention predominantly: Based on medication? 
( ) yes ( ) no Out-patient (health center, recovery facility, day-hospital, etc.)? 
( ) yes ( ) no In-patient (hospitalized)? ( ) yes ( ) no Behavioral? ( ) yes ( ) no Experimental? ( ) yes ( ) no Pedagogical? ( ) yes ( ) no Educational? ( ) yes ( ) no Interpretative? ( ) yes ( ) no Other (Please specify)

7. Language: Does the article comply with the requirements of 1) objectivity, 2) style, 3) conciseness and 4) correctness of language that appropriately represents the author's thinking? 
1) Objectivity: ( ) yes ( ) no 
2) Style: ( ) yes ( ) no 
3) Conciseness: ( ) yes ( ) no 
4) Correctness: ( ) yes ( ) no 
If not, please suggest changes.

8. Logical sequence: Does the article have a logic sequence: 1) identification, 2) description, 3) argumentation, and 4) conclusion, which adequately represent the author's thinking? 
1) Identification: ( ) yes ( ) no 
2) Description: ( ) yes ( ) no 
3) Argumentation ( ) yes ( ) no 
4) Conclusion ( ) yes ( ) no
9. Literature: Does the article contain significant references that contribute to a fuller understanding and specification of the topic treated? 
( ) yes ( ) no 
If not, please indicate the omissions or problems in your comments, below.
10. Contents: 1) Do the main ideas presented in the article have an innovative nature? 2) Are the statements in the article accurate in terms of facts, evidence, proof and information? 
1) Innovative nature: ( ) yes ( ) no 
2) Accuracy of the statements: ( ) yes ( ) no 
If not, please comment on the shortcomings you found.
11. Grounds: Does the article contain arguments based on the topic? 
( ) yes ( ) no
If not, please indicate what is missing.
12. Conclusion: 1) Are the conclusions significant for the advance of knowledge in the field of psychopathology? 2) Are there indications for possible lines of research on the basis of the article's contents? 
1) Significant conclusions: ( ) yes ( ) no 
2) Possible lines of research: ( ) yes ( ) no 
If not, please make recommendations for changes in the conclusions.

13. Ethical aspects:
13.1 In the letter of presentation, do the authors disclose any conflicts of interest (professional, financial, or direct or indirect benefits) which might have influenced the results of the research? 
( ) yes ( ) no
13.2 Did the authors mention sources of financing involved in the article? 
( ) yes ( ) no
13.3 Do the authors declare that they have respected the privacy and anonymity of the persons involved? 
( ) yes ( ) no

14. Compliance with form: Is the text in accord with the journal's "Instructions for Authors"?
(   ) yes  (   ) no

15. Originality: does the text represent any original contribution or is it a repetition of what has already been published?

(   ) original contribution  (   ) repetition of material already published

16. Final position: 
( ) Should be published, with priority. No need for revision. 
( ) Should be published. No need for revision. 
( ) Should be published, but needs revision. 
( ) Should not be published
Comments on revision: 
We ask that you write as legibly as possible. Do not sign. 
Do you have any objection against our sending a copy of this report to the authors? 
( ) yes ( ) no

If you think that this article should not be published as is, please indicate changes that would make it publishable.


Please verify that  your evaluation contains the following, in this order:

Personalized cover sheet (see Item 6)
            - Title of the article in Portuguese and English
            - Names of author(s)
            - Keywords
            - Authors' academic titles and institutional data
            - Full address (street, postal code, city, state, country, telephone number and e-mail)

Abstract (see Item 7)
            - Abstracts in German, Chinese (Mandarin), Spanish, French, English and Portuguese, including four keywords in those languages.
It is extremely important that abstracts have a maximum length of seven lines or 490 characters with spaces.

            - Declaration of cession of copyrights (see Item 5.3).

            - Make sure that all authors mentioned in the text are listed in the references, with date, place, publisher and page number, when such is the case (for example, in references to journals).

Preparing files for electronic publication
           -  Run the spell checker over the text and verify page numbering.
           - Save articles in standard formats of the program used, preferably in a commonly used format. If you are using a very recent version of a program, please avoid saving in the most sophisticated form.
            - Figures not produced electronically should be sent in photograph quality with maximum size of 10x13cm. Figures with images should be recorded in Adobe PhotoShop 6.0 or higher. Please do not save in .BMP or zipped formats. We prefer the non-zipped .TIF format.
            - When a scanner is used to reproduce figures, please use resolutions of at least 300 DPI in Drawing or Grayscale modes.

When sending the revised version to the journal
            - Enclose a letter to the editor reiterating your interest in publication and describing the changes made. If there is disagreement with the recommendations of the outside evaluator, explain and justify your position.
            - Send two complete hard copies of the revised text, pursuant to the Instructions to Authors.
           - Send one copy on a CD-R indicating on the label: name of article, authors’ names, file name(s) and programs used.
           - Please send us the text by e-mail, according to the Instructions for Authors.


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Associação Universitária de Pesquisa em Psicopatologia Fundametal
Av. Onze de Junho, 1070, conj. 804
04041-004 - São Paulo - SP - Brasil
Tel./Fax: +55 11 3661-6519