Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Iheringia. Série Zoologia]]> vol. 94 num. 3 lang. pt <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> <![CDATA[<B>Editorial</B>]]> <![CDATA[<B>Abundância e flutuação populacional das espécies de <I>Chrysomya</I> (Diptera, Calliphoridae) em Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil</B>]]> To estimate the populational fluctuation of Chrysomya Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 species and the relation of populational abundance around, six wind oriented trap (WOT) were placed in three distinct ecological areas (urban, rural and wild) in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, from February/1993 to January/1995. The flies were weekly collected. Captured species were Chrysomya albiceps Wiedmann, 1819, C. megacephala Fabricius, 1794 and C. putoria Wiedmann, 1830 with respective abundance of 64.5%, 19.7% and 0.9%, representing a total of 85.0% of 409,920 specimens of Calliphoridae. The three species demonstrated similarity in the populational fluctuation, except in the abundance. The populational peak ocurred in autum when the temperature decreases. In the months of July to November no fly was collected, recomposing the population in December, when the temperature surpassed 20ºC. <![CDATA[<B>Mamíferos carnívoros e sua relação com a diversidade de hábitats no Parque Nacional dos Aparados da Serra, sul do Brasil</B>]]> A survey of carnivore mammals was accomplished in Aparados da Serra National Park from February 1998 to March 2000. The park has 10,250 ha and is considered a biodiversity core area of the Atlantic Forest Biosphere Reserve in the Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The landscape is characterized by relatively well preserved relicts of Araucaria angustifolia (Bertol.) Kuntze forest, grasslands and Atlantic Forest, which have contributed for the survival of endangered carnivore mammals. The National Park was divided in a grid of 16 km² cells using a 1:50,000 scale map. The animals were recorded using indirect methods, by identifying signs (scats, tracks) and direct observation in 2.5 km long and 5 m wide transects, with 10 replicates in each grid cell. Interviews with local people were also used to confirm the animal presence. A total of 13 species was recorded: Procyon cancrivorus (Cuvier, 1798), Pseudalopex gymnocercus (G. Fischer, 1814), Leopardus pardalis (Linnaeus, 1758) and Cerdocyon thous (Linnaeus, 1766) were the most frequent species registered. Nasua nasua (Linnaeus 1766), Herpailurus yaguarondi (Lacépède, 1809), Chrysocyon brachyurus (Illiger, 1815), Eira barbara (Linnaeus, 1758), Leopardus sp., Puma concolor (Linnaeus, 1771), Galictis cuja (Molina, 1782), Conepatus chinga (Molina, 1892) and Lontra longicaudis (Olfers, 1818) showed lower frequencies. The Park presented areas with significant differences (Mantel Test, P< 0.05) in species richness and composition related to habitat classes. Areas with high habitat richness presented high species richness. The Araucaria forest was the habitat that presented the higher carnivore richness. The border areas of the Park are influenced by several environmental degradation factors that could be affecting the distribution of carnivores. <![CDATA[<B>Novos Hemilophini (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Lamiinae) da Região Neotropical</B>]]> A key to the species of Murupeaca Martins & Galileo, 1992 is presented and M. tavakiliani, from French Guyana, is described. Hemiloapis gen. nov. and its type-species, H. yandaira sp. nov. are described from Bolivia.Two new species are described in the genus Mariliana Lane, 1970, M. amazonica sp. nov. from French Guiana and M. cicadellida sp. nov. from Bolivia. A key to the species of Mariliana is added. Two other new species of the genus Erana Bates, 1866 are described: E. septuosa sp. nov. and E. rosea sp. nov., both from Panama. <![CDATA[<B>Ciclo biológico de <I>Simpulopsis ovata</I> (Gastropoda, Bulimulidae) em São Francisco de Paula, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil</B>]]> The population growth of Simpulopsis ovata (Sowerby, 1822) from the Centro de Pesquisas e Conservação da Natureza - Pró-Mata, São Francisco de Paula, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, was studied along eleven months of 1996. Two discontinuous age classes were identified. The first one, with a monthly growth rate of 1.55 mm, was reproductively mature during April and May. The second one appeared after the previous group and had a monthly growth rate of 0.44 mm. The fact that no adults from the two age classes were found together is a characteristic of a semelparous species. New insights about its shell, pallial cavity and reproductive system are given. This is the first record of S. ovata for the State of Rio Grande do Sul. <![CDATA[<B>Variações morfológicas em <I>Edessa rufomarginata</I> e revalidação de <I>E. albomarginata</I> e <I>E. marginalis</I> (Heteroptera, Pentatomidae, Edessinae)</B>]]> Based on the types of Edessa rufomarginata (De Geer, 1773) and its synonyms, on morphology of the paramere and coloration, seven patterns are described for E. rufomarginata. Pentatoma furcata Palisot de Beauvois, 1805, Cimex cruentus Fabricius, 1775, Aceratodes flavovirens Stål, 1855 and A. flavomarginatus Stål, 1855 are mantained as junior synonyms of E. rufomarginata. A. albomarginatus Stål, 1855 and A. marginalis Dallas, 1951 are removed from the synonymy of E. rufomarginata and are reinstated in Edessa. Aceratodes discolor Dallas, 1951 is removed from the synonymy of E. rufomarginata and is considered junior synonym of Edessa abdominalis Erichson, 1848. <![CDATA[<B>Descrição dos adultos de <I>Camelobaetidius billi </I>(Ephemeroptera, Baetidae)</B>]]> The adults of Camelobaetidius billi Thomas & Dominique, 2000 are described for the first time. They can be distinguished from the other known adults of the genus by the following combination of characters: in males, turbinate portion of the compound eyes orange, abdominal color pattern, and the shape and relative length of the forceps articles; in females by the abdominal color pattern. The specimens were collected at Presidente Figueiredo, State of Amazonas, Brazil, and represent the first report of the species in Brazil. <![CDATA[<B>Descrição do ciclo reprodutivo de <I>Donax hanleyanus </I>(Bivalvia, Donacidae) no sul do Brasil</B>]]> The changes in gonadal development in male and female of Donax hanleyanus Philippi, 1847 are described. Gonad development and spawning seasons were assessed by monthly sampling of population from Arroio Teixeira beach, southern Brazil. Histological examination of clams showed in the most of the adult population sampled that the spawning is practically continuous, without any period of sexual rest. There are two main periods of gametogenesis, in winter and in summer, being the degree of maturation longer in the latter. The water temperature is stimulant on gametes proliferation and spawning. <![CDATA[<B>Sinopse do gênero <I>Cobelura</I> (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Lamiinae, Acanthocinini), com descrição de três espécies novas</B>]]> Eight species are considered for the genus Cobelura Erichson, 1847, three described herein: C. stockwelli sp. nov., from Panamá (Canal Zone, Darien), C. wappesi sp. nov., from Ecuador (Pichincha) and C. howdenorum sp. nov., from Colombia (Norte de Santander). The treatment of each new species includes information on its geographical distribution, photographs and a comparison with its most similar congenerics. A key to species of Cobelura is presented. <![CDATA[<B>Nova espécie de <I>Anacanthus</I> do Brasil (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Prioninae, Callipogonini)</B>]]> Anacanthus biramiguelus sp. nov., from Brazil (Rondônia and Mato Grosso), is described and illustrated. A key to the Brazilian species of Anacanthus is added. <![CDATA[<B>Morphology of three Brazilian species of <I>Semiotus</I> (Coleoptera, Elateridae, Semiotinae)</B>]]> The morphology of Semiotus distinctus (Herbst, 1806), S. intermedius (Herbst, 1806) and S. ligneus (Linnaeus, 1767), including mouthparts and male and female genitalia, is described and illustrated. A comparative analysis of the characters related to the external morphology, mouthparts and male and female genitalia is also included. <![CDATA[<B>Three new andean species of <I>Drosophila</I> (Diptera, Drosophilidae) of the <I>mesophragmatica</I> group</B>]]> Three new species of mesophragmatica group, Drosophila amaguana, Drosophila shyri and Drosophila ruminahuii from Pasochoa Forest Reserve, northern Ecuadorian Andes, are described. The two subgroups currently composing the mesophragmatica group are renamed as the mesophragmatica subgroup to which the first two species have been added, and the viracochi subgroup to which the latter species has been added. These subgroups are defined based on the direction of the basal scutellar setae, which are divergent in the species of the former subgroup and convergent in the latter. <![CDATA[<B>Infaunal recruitment patterns in soft bottom habitats of the Patos Lagoon estuary, southern Brazil</B>: <B>influence of <I>Chasmagnathus granulata</I> (Brachyura, Grapsidae) disturbance</B>]]> A comparative study of the infaunal recruitment patterns among disturbed surface sediment mounds around Chasmagnathus granulata Dana, 1851 burrows and undisturbed adjacent sediments was done in two intertidal soft bottom habitats (an upper and a lower mudflat zone) in an estuarine inlet of Patos Lagoon, southern Brazil. The most abundant infaunal organisms were recruits of the polychaete Laeonereis acuta Treadwell, 1923 and of the tanaid Kalliapseudes schubartii Mañé-Garzón, 1949. The densities of these species did not differ significantly between upper and lower mudflat habitats. These species showed lower densities around crab burrows than in adjacent areas, where differences in sediment characteristics were observed as well. The results indicate that C. granulata disturbances may play an important role in regulating the soft bottom benthic community by controlling infaunal recruitment in the estuarine intertidal mudflats of the Patos Lagoon. <![CDATA[<B>Hydracarids (Acari, Hydrachnidia) from the Andean basin of Beni river, Bolivia</B>]]> Water mites from Andean part of the Bolivian Amazonian rivers were examined. A new species is described, Limnesia aymara. New records and redescription are made for Hygrobatella multiacetabulata Cook,1980, Atractides brasiliensis (Lundblad, 1937) and Krendowskia convexa (Ribaga, 1902). A new subgenus Schwoerbelobatella for hygrobatelids poliacetabulated is proposed and characterized. Ecological characteristics of the river area sampled and ecological preferences of the analyzed species are discussed. <![CDATA[<B>Oviposition behavior of <I>Zabrotes subfasciatus</I> females (Coleoptera, Bruchidae) under conditions of host deprivation</B>]]> Oviposition of Zabrotes subfasciatus (Boheman, 1833) on Phaseolus vulgaris (Linnaeus, 1753) was studied immediately after emergence of the adults throughout the females life and in situations of host deprivation lasting for 1 to 10 days. The number of eggs laid daily, longevity, duration of oviposition and distribution of eggs per grain were studied. The number of eggs laid per day varied significantly, with the oviposition peak in the presence of the host (control group) occurring between day 2 and day 5 of oviposition. In the absence of the host, a shift in the oviposition peak to the first day after deprivation was observed, except for the group deprived for one day which showed a peak between days 1 and 4 after introduction of the host. The distribution of the eggs per grain in the control group and in the groups deprived of the host for 2, 5, 8 and 10 days, a larger egg aggregation was observed for all deprived groups compared to the control group. <![CDATA[<B>Exigências térmicas para o desenvolvimento de <I>Palmistichus elaeisis</I> (Hymenoptera, Eulophidae) em pupas de cinco espécies de lepidópteros</B>]]> The thermal requirements of Palmistichus elaeisis Delvare & LaSalle, 1993 were determined by rearing this pupal parasitoid in the following lepidopteran hosts: Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius, 1794) (Crambidae), Anticarsia gemmatalis (Hübner, 1818), Heliothis virescens (Fabricius, 1777), Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith, 1797) (Noctuidae) and Thyrinteina arnobia (Stoll, 1782) (Geometridae). The experiment was set in laboratory conditions (temperatures between 18ºC and 30ºC, RH=70 &plusmn; 10% and 14-hour photoperiod). The life cycle (egg-adult) ranged from 40.4 &plusmn; 0.63 days (18ºC, H. virescens) to 18.1 &plusmn; 0.13 days (28ºC, D. saccharalis). The thermal constant of the egg-adult period ranged from 353.1 (D. saccharalis) to 407.7 degree-days (S. frugiperda). The lowest thermal threshold ranged from 5.0ºC (A. gemmatalis) to 7.5ºC (D. saccharalis). At 30ºC, all prepupae died. These results suggest that P. elaeisis can be reared in laboratory on all the hosts tested. <![CDATA[<B>Variação anual do sistema reprodutor de fêmeas de<I> Bothrops jararaca</I> (Serpentes, Viperidae)</B>]]> The morphological changes of the ovary and oviduct of 238 tropical snakes Bothrops jararaca (Wied, 1824) were determined. The ovarian mass presented a remarkable decrease in October, after ovulation, staying in low levels from November to March, during the gestational period. From April to September, it increased because of the ovarian follicles maturation. A gradual increase in oviduct weight was observed from October to March due to stages of embryonic development. A significant difference was observed between right and left ovary weight, and oviduct length, independently of the months considered. <![CDATA[<B>New species and notes on <I>Dissomphalus</I> (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae) from Estação Biológica de Santa Lúcia, Santa Teresa, ES, Brazil</B>]]> Five new species of Dissomphalus Ashmead, 1893 are described and illustrated, all from Espírito Santo, Brazil: D. h-ramus, D. verrucosus, D. laminaris, D. cristatus and D. scopatus. New geographic records and variation data of D. scamatus Azevedo, 1999, D. concavatus Azevedo, 1999, D. rectilineus Azevedo, 1999, D. vallensis Evans, 1979, D. gilvipes Evans, 1979, D. plaumanni Evans, 1964, D. napo Evans, 1979, D. truncatus Azevedo, 2003 and D. cornutus Evans, 1964 are included.