Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Nauplius]]> vol. 26 num. lang. en <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> <![CDATA[Observation of museum specimens of the genus <em>Pacifastacus</em> Bott, 1950 (Decapoda: Astacidae)]]> Abstract Until recently, three subspecies had traditionally been recognized in the astacid species Pacifastacus leniusculus (Dana, 1852): Pacifastacus leniusculus leniusculus, Pacifastacus leniusculus klamathensis (Stimpson, 1857), and Pacifastacus leniusculus trowbridgii (Stimpson, 1857). The type specimens attributed to these taxa were re-described with detailed illustrations of taxonomic characteristics for further taxonomic works. <![CDATA[Populations of <em>Flavalona setigera</em> (Brehm, 1931) in Brazil belong to a new species: <em>Flavalona asymmetrica</em> (Cladocera: Chydoridae: Aloninae)]]> Abstract Flavalona asymmetrica sp. nov. belongs to the costata-clade. This species has two main head pores, a feature shared only with Flavalona setigera (Brehm, 1931). Morphological differences between them are related to main and lateral head pores, armature of scrapers on the second limb, and proportion of setae on the third and fourth limbs, number of denticles on the postabdomen. Males of F. asymmetrica sp. nov. has genital process about ten times shorter than length of postabdominal claw, which is an exclusive morphological trait. Flavalona asymmetrica sp. nov. is a Neotropical species, so far, it occurs only in Brazil and can be found together with Flavalona iheringula (Sinev &amp; Kotov, 2004) and Flavalona margipluma (Sousa, Santos, Güntzel, Diniz-Filho, de Melo-Júnior &amp; Elmoor-Loureiro, 2015). <![CDATA[Shell occupation by the land hermit crab <em>Coenobita violascens</em> (Anomura, Coenobitidae) from Phuket Island, Thailand]]> Abstract Shell occupation by the land hermit crab Coenobita violascens Heller, 1862 was investigated from January 2011 to March 2012 on Phuket Island in the Andaman Coast of Thailand. The samples of C. violascens were collected monthly using multiple quadrat sampling. Twenty shell species from 11 families were found occupying by C. violascens, which were mainly marine gastropods (90%). The three most common occupied shell species were Chicoreus brunneus (Link, 1807) (21.3% of hermits), followed by Filifusus filamentosus (Röding, 1798) (14.9%) and Laevistrombus canarium (Linnaeus, 1758) (14.9%). Biconical shells and those with ovate apertures were the most commonly occupied shell types. Furthermore, individual C. violascens probably occupy the shells of at least three different gastropod species during their lifetime. Interestingly, C. violascens shows a tendency of occupying specific categories of shells in relation to shell species, shape and aperture shape. Other aspects of shell occupation by C. violascens compared to congeneric species are also discussed. <![CDATA[Morphology of stomatopod larvae from National Parks: Sistema Arrecifal Veracruzano and Arrecife Puerto Morelos, Mexico]]> ABSTRACT The present study provides information on the morphology of stomatopod larvae found in two different reef systems which are also considered national parks: the Sistema Arrecifal Veracruzano (SAVNP) and Arrecife Puerto Morelos (APMNP). Zooplankton samples were collected at 26 stations of the SAVNP and four stations of the APMNP. Stomatopod larvae were identified and classified by their larval stage. We found representatives of three stomatopod superfamilies: the superfamily Gonodactyloidea Giesbrecht, 1910 was represented by Neogonodactylus oerstedii (Hansen, 1895), Neogonodactylus wennerae Manning and Heard, 1997, and Pseudosquillidae genus and species indeterminate; the superfamily Lysiosquilloidea Giesbrecht, 1910 was represented by Lysiosquilloidea genus and species indeterminate, Lysiosquilla sp., Lysiosquilla scabricauda (Lamarck, 1818) and Nannosquilla adkisoni Camp and Manning, 1982; the superfamily Squilloidea was represented by larvae of Alima neptuni (Linnaeus, 1768), Squilla spp., and Squilla empusa Say, 1818. We were able to identify and describe four stages of larval development for representatives of these superfamilies. This is the first study describing several stages of larval development of different species of the stomatopods from the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. <![CDATA[New records of Cladocera (Crustacea: Branchiopoda) from the Tomo River, Vichada, Colombia]]> Abstract Five species of cladocerans are reported from the Tomo River, Vichada, Colombia. Zooplankton samples were collected from the littoral zone with vegetation (Campsiandra comosa Benth). Three of them, namely Streblocerus pygmaeus Sars, 1901, Disparalona cf. hamata (Birge, 1879) and Alona isabellae Sousa, Elmoor-Loureiro and Santos, 2016 are new to the Colombian cladoceran fauna. Descriptive notes, comparative comments on morphology and variability and illustrations are also provided for some remarkable taxa. This is the first report on the cladoceran fauna in the Tomo River. <![CDATA[Ludwig Buckup’s academic life and his contribution to Carcinology]]> Abstract Ludwig Buckup holds a Bachelor’s degree in Natural History in 1954 from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, and a Ph.D. in Zoology from the University of Tübingen, Germany, in 1958. He joined UFRGS as a Professor in 1958, from where he retired in 1990. During this period he was fully devoted to his career of professor and scientist. His investigations in the area of Carcinology covered mainly the Parastacidae and Aeglidae families. Even after he retired, Professor Buckup participated in numerous research and extension activities inside and outside the University. Always engaged in environmental causes, he actively takes part in debates and lectures about the environment and conservation in the city of Porto Alegre and other cities in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. His career is highlighted by important steps for the construction of academic spaces and the development and consolidation of Carcinology, in particular for the Brazilian Crustacean Society. <![CDATA[Growth of the burrowing crayfish <em>Parastacus nicoleti</em> (Philippi, 1882) (Crustacea, Decapoda, Parastacidae)]]> ABSTRACT: We examined the individual growth of the burrowing crayfish Parastacus nicoleti (Philippi, 1882) based on a sample of 1,425 specimens. Individuals were collected monthly from November 1981 to December 1982, in the marshy wetlands of the “Pangal” homestead in Reumen, southern Chile. The Cephalothorax Length (CL) and Body Weight (BW) were recorded for all specimens. The asymptotic length parameters (L ∞) and the growth coefficient (k) were established using the Gulland and Holt method (1959). The t 0 parameter was obtained through the inverse von Bertalanffy equation and the length-weight relationship was determined according to the equation proposed by Ricker (1975). The asymptotic size and weight were 45.754 mm and 18.50 g, respectively. The growth constant was 0.703/year. Estimated longevity was 4.32 years. We concluded that P. nicoleti is a relatively small species with poor growth indicators for size and weight and, consequently, is not an attractive species for commercial aquaculture purposes. <![CDATA[Freshwater crabs (Decapoda: Brachyura: Pseudothelphusidae, Trichodactylidae) from the state of Roraima, Brazil: species composition, distribution and new records]]> ABSTRACT: The species composition and distribution of the pseudothelphusid and trichodactylid freshwater crabs from the state of Roraima, Brazil, are updated based mainly on documented records deposited in the collections of the Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (Manaus) and the Museu Integrado de Roraima (Boa Vista). This paper provides records for the occurrence of ten species (six Pseudothelphusidae, four Trichodactylidae). Three species are recorded from Roraima for the first time: the pseudothelphusids Fredius beccarii (Coifmann, 1939) and Fredius fittkaui (Bott, 1967), and the trichodactylid Moreirocarcinus laevifrons (Moreira, 1901). The records of F. beccarii also represent the first documented occurrence of the species in Brazil. All species in the state are presented in maps that document their geographic distribution. Comments are made on the diversity of the Branco River crab fauna in comparision with diversity in other sub-basins of the Amazon River. <![CDATA[The stony coral <em>Agaricia tenuifolia</em> Dana, 1848 as a new gall crab host (Decapoda: Cryptochiridae)]]> Abstract Infrequently studied coral species are seldom mentioned as host organisms of associated fauna. Here we report on the stony coralAgaricia tenuifoliaDana, 1848 hosting a gall crab (Cryptochiridae) for the first time. This coral-dwelling crab was observed at the southern coast of Bonaire in the Dutch Caribbean. Based on the shape of the dwelling, and the host specificity of cryptochirids, the crab is tentatively identified asOpecarcinus hypostegus(Shaw &amp; Hopkins, 1977). <![CDATA[Color patterns of the hermit crab <em>Calcinus tibicen</em> (Herbst, 1791) fail to indicate high genetic variation within COI gene]]> Abstract Apart from traditional characters, other data have been used for taxonomy, like color patterns. Based on the different colors (green and orange) observed for some Calcinus tibicen (Herbst, 1761) specimens, we evaluated the genetic distance for cytochrome oxidase subunit I mitochondrial gene of individuals collected in Pernambuco (northern Brazil) and in São Paulo (southeast Brazil). We found low genetic variation (0.2-1.1%), and no evidence of isolation on our molecular tree based on genetic distance. We suggest high levels of gene flow between specimens with different color patterns, which are polymorphisms and might be related to the kind of nutrition as well different ecological and evolutionary predation characteristics. <![CDATA[New records of intersexuality in porcelain crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Porcellanidae)]]> Abstract The occurrence of intersex specimens of Lissoporcellana quadrilobata (Miers, 1884), Pisidia bluteli (Risso, 1816) and Pisidia longimana (Risso, 1816) is recorded for the first time and their secondary sexual characters analyzed. Intersex specimens were collected in regions regularly affected by pollution. There is a high possibility that intersexuality in porcelain crabs is caused by environmental contamination.