Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia]]> http://www.scielo.br/rss.php?pid=0365-059620170001&lang=en vol. 92 num. 1 lang. en <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> http://www.scielo.br/img/en/fbpelogp.gif http://www.scielo.br <![CDATA[Diabetes mellitus and the skin]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100008&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Abstract: Several dermatoses are routinely associated with diabetes mellitus, especially in patients with chronic disease. This relationship can be easily proven in some skin disorders, but it is not so clear in others. Dermatoses such necrobiosis lipoidica, granuloma annulare, acanthosis nigricans and others are discussed in this text, with an emphasis on proven link with the diabetes or not, disease identification and treatment strategy used to control those dermatoses and diabetes. <![CDATA[Comparative microscopic analysis of nail clippings from patients with cutaneous psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100021&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Abstract: BACKGROUND: The nail involvement in psoriasis is related to psoriatic arthritis and may represent a predictor of the disease. OBJECTIVES: To analyze, through nail clipping, clinically normal and dystrophic nails of patients with cutaneous psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional multicenter study, conducted between August 2011 and March 2012. Patients were divided into four groups: patients with cutaneous psoriasis and onychodystrophy, patients with cutaneous psoriasis and clinically normal nails, patients with psoriatic arthritis and onychodystrophy and patients with psoriatic arthritis and clinically normal nails. We calculated NAPSI (Nail Psoriasis Severity Index) of the nail with more clinically noticeable change. After collection and preparation of the nail clipping, the following microscopic parameters were evaluated: thickness of the nail plate and subungual region, presence or absence of parakeratosis, serous lakes, blood, and fungi. RESULTS: There were more layers of parakeratosis (p=0.001) and a greater thickness of the subungual region in patients with cutaneous psoriasis and onychodystrophy (p=0.002). Serous lakes were also more present in the same group (p=0.008) and in patients with psoriatic arthritis and normal nails (p=0.047). The other microscopic parameters showed no significant difference between normal and dystrophic nails or between patients with psoriatic arthritis or cutaneous psoriasis. STUDY LIMITATIONS: Small sample size and use of medications. CONCLUSIONS: Nail clipping is a simple and quick method to assess the nails of patients with nail psoriasis although does not demonstrate difference between those with joint changes or exclusively cutaneous psoriasis. <![CDATA[Initial basal cell carcinomas diagnosed in the National Campaign for Skin Cancer Prevention are smaller than those identified by the conventional medical referral system]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100026&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Abstract: BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinoma is the malignant tumor most often diagnosed in the National Campaign for Skin Cancer Prevention (NCSCP). Little is known about the profile of these lesions compared to the profile of lesions diagnosed by conventional routes of public dermatological care. OBJECTIVE: To identify if basal cell carcinomas identified in prevention campaigns and referred to surgery are smaller than those routinely removed in a same medical institution. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including tumors routed from 2011-2014 campaigns and 84 anatomopathological reports of outpatients. RESULTS: The campaigns identified 223 individuals with suspicious lesions among 2,531 examinations (9%), with 116 basal cell carcinomas removed. Anatomopathological examinations revealed that the primary lesions identified in the national campaigns were smaller than those referred to surgery by the conventional routes of public health care (28 [13-50] x 38 [20-113] mm2, p &lt;0.01). On the other hand, after a mean follow-up of 15.6 ± 10.3 months, 31% of cases identified in campaigns showed new basal cell carcinoma lesions. STUDY LIMITATIONS: Retrospective study and inaccuracies in the measurements of the lesions. CONCLUSIONS: The NCSCP promotes an earlier treatment of basal cell carcinomas compared to patients referred to surgery by the conventional routes of public health care, which can result in lower morbidity rates and better prognosis. <![CDATA[Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) and its relation with autoimmunity in a reference center in Mexico]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100030&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Abstract: BACKGROUND: Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms is a severe adverse drug reaction, with a reported mortality of 10%. Long-term outcomes involve organic failure and autoimmune diseases in some populations. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical prognosis of patients with drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review at a referral hospital in Mexico City in a period of 22 years (1992-2013), looking up for records with diagnosis of DRESS according to RegiSCAR criteria. Clinical characteristics, organ failures, culprit drugs, treatment, and short and long-term sequelae were analyzed. RESULTS: We found 11 patients with diagnosis of drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms syndrome, 7 female and 4 male, with a median age of 22 years-old; 9 had maculopapular rash and 2 were erythrodermic. Affected organs were liver (8/11), kidney (6/11) and hematologic disorders (8/11). The most common culprit drugs were antiepileptic (63%). Systemic corticosteroids were given to 8 patients, being pyelonephritis (1/8) and pneumonia (2/8) the adverse events of this therapy. Long-term sequelae were 1 patient with renal failure, 1 patient with chronic anemia; and 2 patients developed autoimmune diseases (one autoimmune thyroid disease and another one with autoimmune thyroid disease and autoimmune hemolytic anemia). Study limitations: The retrospective nature of the study and the limited number of patients with drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms syndrome has been linked to the development of chronic organ failure. We found two young patients who developed autoimmune diseases in the short term. Patients with drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms should have a long-term monitoring for signs or symptoms suggestive of an autoimmune disease. <![CDATA[Frequency, severity and related factors of androgenetic alopecia in dermatology outpatient clinic: hospital-based cross-sectional study in Turkey]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100035&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Abstract: BACKGROUND: Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is a patterned hair loss occurring due to systemic androgen and genetic factors. It is the most common cause of hair loss in both genders. In recent years, many studies investigating the relation between systemic diseases and androgenetic alopecia presented controversial results. OBJECTIVES: In this study we aimed to investigate the frequency of androgenetic alopecia, the presence of accompanying systemic diseases, the relation between body mass index and androgenetic alopecia severity and the association of hyperandrogenemia signs with androgenetic alopecia in patients who referred to our outpatient clinic. METHODS: Patients who referred to our clinic between October 2013 and May 2014 were included in the study. Diagnosis of androgenetic alopecia was made upon clinical findings. Presence of seborrhea and acne in both genders, and hirsutism in women, were examined. Age, gender, smoking habit and alcohol consumption, age of onset of androgenetic alopecia, family history, accompanying systemic diseases and abnormalities of menstrual cycle were recorded. RESULTS: 954 patients (535 women, 419 men) were included in the study. Androgenetic alopecia prevalence found was 67.1% in men and 23.9% in women. Androgenetic alopecia prevalence and severity were correlated with age in both genders (p=0,0001). Frequency of accompanying systemic diseases were not significantly different between patients with and without androgenetic alopecia (p=0,087), except for hypertension, which was significantly more frequent in men with androgenetic alopecia aged between 50 and 59 years. Study limitations: Despite the exclusion of other causes of alopecia, differentiation of Ludwig grade 1 AGA from telogen effluvium based on clinical features alone is difficult. CONCLUSIONS: In our study the rate of androgenetic alopecia was found to be higher than the other studies made in Asian and Caucasian populations. <![CDATA[The role of intradermal proliferation of T-cells in the pathogenesis of psoriasis]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100041&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Abstract: BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a common immune-mediated chronic inflammatory disease of the skin and joints, affecting 1-3% of the population. It is generally accepted that the pathogenesis of psoriasis involves accumulation of effector T-cells within lymph nodes and their subsequent migration into the skin through the blood system. Here we provide evidence that psoriatic plaque itself may serve as a source of inflammatory T-cells. OBJECTIVE: We examined the intradermal proliferation of T-cells and the number of effector/memory (CD45RO+) T-cells in the skin of psoriatic patients at different periods of the disease. METHODS: Skin samples were obtained from 41 patients with progressive psoriatic lesions; 18 of these patients also donated skin specimens during the remission of the disease. The control group consisted of 16 healthy subjects. Ki-67 immunohistochemical staining was applied to detect proliferating cells, CD3ε served as a T-cell marker, and CD45RA and CD45RO antibodies were utilized to discriminate between naive and effector/memory T-cells, respectively. RESULTS: Progressive psoriatic lesions demonstrated Ki67 staining both in keratinocytes and in the CD3ε+ cells of dermal infiltrate. Median count of CD45RO+ cells per microscopic field was 15 in healthy controls, 59 in patients in remission and 208 in progressive psoriatic plaques. The observed differences demonstrated high level of statistical significance. STUDY LIMITATIONS: Limited number of analyzed patients. CONCLUSION: Progressive phase of psoriasis is characterized by intradermal proliferation of T-cells. Spots of regressed psoriatic lesions contain high number of CD45RO+ cells, which are likely to render an immunological memory. <![CDATA[Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in patients with psoriasis: a hospital-based cross-sectional study]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100046&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Abstract: BACKGROUND: Emerging epidemiological evidence suggests independent associations between psoriasis and metabolic syndrome. Objectives: The aim of the study was to examine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components in patients with psoriasis, and to assess which factors may predict metabolic syndrome in these patients. METHODS: A hospital-based, cross-sectional study with 244 psoriatic patients and 163 control subjects with skin diseases other than psoriasis was conducted at the Clinic of Dermatovenerology, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, from October 2011 to October 2012. Metabolic syndrome was defined using the revised National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III. Severity of psoriasis was measured by Psoriasis Area and Severity Index and Body Surface Area. RESULTS: The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for psoriasis patients vs. non-psoriasis patients were 2.66 (95% CI, 1.58-4.42) for metabolic syndrome, 3.81 (95% CI, 2.30-6.31) for hypertension, 2.29 (95% CI, 1.39-3.78) for central obesity, 1.92 (95% CI, 1.08-3.41) for hyperglycemia, 1.87 (95% CI 1.18-2.96) for low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level, and 1.42 (95% CI, 0.87-1.04) for hypertrigliceridemia. We failed to find any statistically significant association between the metabolic syndrome and clinical severity of psoriasis. Later onset and longer duration of psoriasis were predicting factors for metabolic syndrome in our patients. Study limitations: The cross-sectional design of the study does not allow us to draw directional causal inferences concerning the association between psoriasis and metabolic syndrome. Factors such as diet, alcohol consumption or mental health, which have not been evaluated in this study, may be confounders in this relation. CONCLUSION: A higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components in patients with psoriasis than in controls, regardless of disease severity, emphasizes the need for early treatment and follow-up of all psoriatic patients with respect to metabolic diseases. <![CDATA[Relationship of <em>Helicobacter pylori</em> seroprevalence with the occurrence and severity of psoriasis]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100052&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Abstract: BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the skin and joints and has a multifactorial etiology. Recently, it has been suggested that Helicobacter pylori infection may contribute as a trigger for the development of the disease. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of H. pylori seropositivity in patients with psoriasis and to evaluate the relation between disease severity and H. pylori infection. METHODS: H. pylori infection was assessed in psoriatic patients and controls by using H. pylori IgG quantitative enzyme immunoassay (ELISA test). The patients were classified according to the severity of the disease (PASI score). RESULTS: One hundred and twenty six patients with psoriasis (73 females and 53 males); mean age 50.48 years; 65 patients (51.59%) had severe psoriasis, 40 (31.75%) moderate psoriasis and 21 (16.67%) mild psoriasis. Twenty one healthy volunteers included as a control group, mean age of 41.05 years, 13 females and 8 males. One hundred and eleven patients with psoriasis tested serologically, 80 (72.07%) were seropositive compared with 7 positive volunteers (33.33%; P=0.002). Forty-nine (75.38%) patients with severe psoriasis were positive, 25 (62.50%) with moderate psoriasis were positive and 6 (28.57%) with mild psoriasis were positive (P=0.045). Study limitations: none. CONCLUSIONS: H. pylori infection influences the development of psoriasis and severity of the disease. <![CDATA[Recurrence rate of basal cell carcinoma with positive histopathological margins and related risk factors]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100058&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Abstract: BACKGROUND: The best way to approach surgically removed basal cell carcinoma with positive histopathological margins is a controversial issue. Some authors believe that the more appropriate treatment is an immediate reoperation while others prefer a periodic follow up. The rates of recurrence are variable in literature, between 10% and 67%. OBJECTIVE: To define the recurrence rate of basal cell carcinoma with positive margins after surgery. Secondarily, identify morphological aspects that can suggest a more frequent tumoral recurrence. METHODS: This was a retrospective and observational study made by analysis of medical records of 487 patients between January 2003 and December 2009 in Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Federal do Paraná (HC-UFPR). From 402 basal cell carcinomas surgically treated, 41 fulfilled inclusion criteria and were evaluated for five years or more. Recurrence rate of these tumors was analyzed in all patients and clinical characteristics such as sex, age, tumor size, tumor site, ulceration, and histological type were evaluated in order to find if they were related to more common tumoral recurrence. RESULTS: The rate of positive margins after surgery was 12.18%. There were five cases of tumoral recurrence in the observation group and three cases in the re-excision group. Tumor size, site, histological type, ulceration and type of positive margin did not differ statistically between groups. It was not possible to consider if these factors were important in recurrence rates. STUDY LIMITATIONS: Ideally, a prospective study with a larger sample would be more accurate. CONCLUSION: The treatment of choice in basal cell carcinoma with positive margins must be individualized to reduce recurrence rates. <![CDATA[The need of dermatologists, psychiatrists and psychologists joint care in psychodermatology]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100063&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Abstract: The mind-skin connection has been studied since the nineteenth century. The last 40 years have set the development of new research areas which allowed the clarifying of how these two dimensions interact. The diseases that involve skin and mind constitute the field of psychodermatology and require that specialists in dermatology, psychiatry and psychology together and integrated take part in it, since skin, nervous system and mind are simultaneously affected. This paper aims to expose how psychodermatoses are currently conceptualized and the need of integration of these three specialties for conveniently treating the patients. <![CDATA[Skin symptoms as diagnostic clue for autoinflammatory diseases]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100072&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en ABSTRACT Autoinflammatory disorders are immune-mediated diseases with increased production of inflammatory cytokines and absence of detectable autoantibodies. They course with recurrent episodes of systemic inflammation and fever is the most common symptom. Cutaneous manifestations are prevalent and important to diagnosis and early treatment of the syndromes. The purpose of this review is to emphasize to dermatologists the skin symptoms present in these syndromes in order to provide their early diagnosis. <![CDATA[Analysis of the histomorphologic profile of invasive cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma from 2002 to 2011 in a pathology laboratory in the region of Campos Gerais, Brazil]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100081&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en ABSTRACT Squamous cell carcinoma is the second most common type of malignant skin cancer. It is also quite aggressive. The increasing incidence of the disease can be altered given its connection with sun exposure. The aim of this study was to establish the clinical and histomorphological profile of squamous cell carcinoma in the region of Campos Gerais, State of Paraná, Brazil and analyze and compare the features of the disease found in the literature. We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study in a pathology laboratory with selected invasive cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma reports issued after excisional biopsy from January 2002 to December 2011. We selected 374 cases of head and neck SCC, mean age 71.53 years, with a predominance of male patients, moderate degree of histological differentiation, Clark level IV, and absence of perineural, neural, or angiolymphatic invasions. Our results differ on some points from those found in the literature. <![CDATA[CD30-positive cutaneous lymphoma: report of four cases with an emphasis on clinicopathological correlations]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100086&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Abstract: The classification of cutaneous lymphomas is multidisciplinary and requires the correlation between clinical, histopathological, immunohistochemical, and molecular diagnostic elements. In this article, we present four different cases of CD30-positive T-cell lymphoma with cutaneous manifestations. We compare cases with definitive diagnosis of papulosis lymphomatoid type C, primary cutaneous anaplastic large T-cell lymphoma, systemic anaplastic large T-cell lymphoma with secondary skin involvement, and mycosis fungoides with large cell transformation, highlighting the importance of clinicopathological correlation to classify these cases. <![CDATA[Hemosiderotic dermatofibroma]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100092&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Abstract: We report a rare clinical case of hemosiderotic dermatofibroma in a 36-year-old female patient. The main dermatoscopic finding was represented by homogeneous blue-gray pigmentation. The aim of this report is to demonstrate the rarity of the lesion and the dermatoscopic importance it assumes by sharing a blue-gray homogeneous pattern with other benign and malignant lesions. <![CDATA[Penile squamous cell carcinoma: a review of the literature and case report treated with Mohs micrographic surgery]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100095&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Abstract: The majority of penile carcinoma is squamous cell carcinoma. Although uncommon in the United States, it represents a larger proportion of cancers in the underdeveloped world. Invasive squamous cell carcinoma may arise from precursor lesions or de novo , and has been associated with lack of circumcision and HPV infection. Early diagnosis is imperative as lymphatic spread is associated with a poor prognosis. Radical surgical treatment is no longer the mainstay, and penile sparing treatments now are often used, including Mohs micrographic surgery. Therapeutic decisions should be made with regard to the size and location of the tumor, as well as the functional desires of the patient. It is critical for the dermatologist to be familiar with the evaluation, grading/staging, and treatment advances of penile squamous cell carcinoma. Herein, we present a review of the literature regarding penile squamous cell carcinoma, as well as a case report of invasive squamous cell carcinoma treated with Mohs micrographic surgery. <![CDATA[Dermatomyofibroma]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100101&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Abstract: We report a case of dermatomyofibroma that, to our knowledge, is the second case reported in Brazil. About 100 cases have been reported worldwide. Dermatomyofibroma represents a rare, benign mesenchymal neoplasm of fibroblastic/myofibroblastic differentiation, with prolonged evolution and little or no symptoms. It most commonly occurs in young women and male children. Dermatomyofibroma can be easily confused with other clinical entities, which could lead to unnecessary treatments. Therefore, it is important that dermatologists and pediatricians suspect and start to consider this hypothesis in their diagnostic exercises. <![CDATA[Chronic tophaceous gout in patients with psoriasis]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100104&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Abstract: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease of multifactorial etiology influenced by genetic, immunological, and environmental factors. We report the case of a patient with psoriasis for more than 25 years who developed hyperuricemia and chronic tophaceous gout with unusual appearance. In psoriasis, hyperuricemia may occur by increased epidermal cell turnover, which accelerates purine metabolism and has uric acid as the product of its catabolism. The association of psoriasis with hyperuricemia can trigger the onset of gouty arthritis, and pose a greater risk of developing other inflammatory comorbidities. Therefore, it is important to periodically investigate uric acid levels in order to treat changes triggered by hyperuricemia. <![CDATA[Synchronous melanomas arising within nevus spilus]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100107&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Abstract: Nevus spilus is a melanocytic cutaneous lesion consisting of a light brown background macule with numerous superimposed darker maculopapular speckles. Melanoma arising from a nevus spilus is rare, with less than 40 cases reported to date. The absolute risk for malignant transformation is not well defined, lacking a standardized management approach. We report a new case of melanoma arising from nevus spilus, with the additional peculiarity of multifocality. We offer our recommendations for the management of the condition. <![CDATA[Atypical cellular blue nevus or malignant blue nevus?]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100110&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Abstract: Blue nevus is a benign melanocytic lesion whose most frequent variants are dendritic (common) blue nevus and cellular blue nevus. Atypical cellular blue nevus presents an intermediate histopathology between the typical and a rare variant of malignant blue nevus/melanoma arising in a cellular blue nevus. An 8-year-old child presented a pigmented lesion in the buttock since birth, but with progressive growth in the last two years. After surgical excision, histopathological examination revealed atypical cellular blue nevus. Presence of mitoses, ulceration, infiltration, cytological atypia or necrosis may occur in atypical cellular blue nevus, making it difficult to differentiate it from melanoma. The growth of blue nevus is unusual and considered of high-risk for malignancy, being an indicator for complete resection and periodic follow-up of these patients. <![CDATA[Exuberant pyoderma gangrenosum in a patient with autoimmune hepatitis]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100114&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Abstract: Pyoderma gangrenosum is a rare neutrophilic dermatosis, which usually presents as ulcers with erythematous-violaceous undermined edges and a rough base with purulent or sanguinous exudate. It can be primary or associated with an underlying disease. However, rare cases of its association with autoimmune hepatitis have been described in the literature. Diagnosis is based on a characteristic clinical picture and ruling out other causes of ulcers. This paper aims to discuss the management of corticosteroid therapy and the importance of local treatment. We report a case with torpid evolution, presented with multiple and deep ulcers in a young patient with autoimmune hepatitis, causing pain and significant disability. We observed complete healing of lesions after two months of successful treatment. <![CDATA[Trichotillomania: a case report with clinical and dermatoscopic differential diagnosis with alopecia areata]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100118&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en ABSTRACT Trichotillomania is a psychodermatologic disorder characterized by uncontrollable urge to pull one's own hair. Differential diagnoses include the most common forms of alopecia such as alopecia areata. It is usually associated with depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Trichotillomania treatment standardization is a gap in the medical literature. Recent studies demonstrated the efficacy of N-acetylcysteine (a glutamate modulator) for the treatment of the disease. We report the clinical case of a 12-year-old female patient who received the initial diagnosis of alopecia areata, but presented with clinical and dermoscopic features of trichotillomania. She was treated with the combination of psychotropic drugs and N-acetylcysteine with good clinical response. Due to the chronic and recurring nature of trichotillomania, more studies need to be conducted for the establishment of a formal treatment algorithm. <![CDATA[Giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath: a rare periungual location simulating myxoid cyst]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100121&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en ABSTRACT Giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath is a benign soft tissue tumor most frequent between the third and fifth decades of life. It can mimic and make differential diagnoses with several hand tumors. Definitive diagnosis and the treatment of choice are reached with complete resection and histopathological examination. Here we describe a case with clinical presentation similar to that of a myxoid cyst. <![CDATA[A case of pigmented Bowen's disease]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100124&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en ABSTRACT Pigmented Bowen's disease is a rare subtype of Bowen's disease. Clinically it presents as a slow-growing, well-defined, hyperpigmented plaque, and should be included as a differential diagnosis of other pigmented lesions. The authors describe a challenging case of pigmented Bowen's disease with non-diagnostic dermscopy findings. <![CDATA[Do you know this syndrome? Leopard syndrome]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100127&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en ABSTRACT Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is known as Leopard syndrome, which is a mnemonic rule for multiple lentigines (L), electrocardiographic conduction abnormalities (E), ocular hypertelorism (O), pulmonary stenosis (P), abnormalities of genitalia (A), retardation of growth (R), and deafness (D). We report the case of a 12-year-old patient with some of the abovementioned characteristics: hypertelorism, macroglossia, lentigines, hypospadias, cryptorchidism, subaortic stenosis, growth retardation, and hearing impairment. Due to this set of symptoms, we diagnosed Leopard syndrome. <![CDATA[Do you know this syndrome? Hand-foot syndrome]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100131&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en ABSTRACT Hand-foot syndrome is a common cutaneous adverse effect associated with certain systemic chemotherapy drugs. It is characterized by erythema, edema, and burning sensation, especially over palmoplantar surfaces. We report the case of an elderly patient undergoing chemotherapy after a breast cancer surgery who developed symptoms two months after the start of the regimen. There are no studies that explore specific therapies. Suggestive therapy include reducing agent dosage, increasing the interval between cycles, or even stopping chemotherapy. Emollients, analgesics, and cold packs are described as effective. After alopecia and mucositis, hand-foot syndrome is the most common adverse dermatologic reaction to chemotherapeutic agents. <![CDATA[Descriptive analysis of mycological examination of patients with onychomycosis treated in private practice]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100134&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en ABSTRACT This is a retrospective study of 160 patients treated in private practice in São Paulo from March 2003 to March 2015. We analyzed 171 results of direct mycological examinations and fungal cultures from nail scrapings. The agreement between direct mycological examination results and fungal culture was satisfactory, consistent with the literature (kappa 0.603). The main agent identified was Trichophyton rubrum (51%). We observed an isolation rate of non-dermatophyte filamentous fungi superior to the literature (34%). Determining the agent is key to defining the appropriate onychomycosis treatment, and knowing the epidemiology of patients treated in private practice helps the dermatologist who works in this context. <![CDATA[Erythema dyschromicum perstans in a child following an enteroviral meningitis]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100137&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en ABSTRACT A healthy 6-year-old boy presented with an erythematous macular exanthema, meningeal signs and fever, initially diagnosed with probable bacterial meningitis and treated with antibiotic and anti-inflammatory drugs. Enteroviral meningitis was confirmed, but the skin lesions continued to evolve and the patient was ultimately diagnosed with erythema dyschromicum perstans. The boy was followed during three years until the spontaneous resolution of the dermatosis. <![CDATA[Identifying the incidence of rash, Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis in patients taking lamotrigine: a systematic review of 122 randomized controlled trials]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100139&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en ABSTRACT Lamotrigine is an antiepileptic drug used for the treatment of epilepsy, bipolar disorder and numerous off-label uses. The development of rash significantly affects its use. The most concerning of these adverse reactions is Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis. We performed a systematic review of randomized controlled trials using lamotrigine as a monotherapy to quantify the incidence of cutaneous reactions, particularly Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis. Of a total of 4,364 papers regarding lamotrigine, 122 studies met our inclusion and exclusion criteria. In total, 18,698 patients were included with 1,570 (8.3%) of patients experiencing an adverse dermatologic reaction. The incidence of Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis was 0.04%. <![CDATA[Daylight photodynamic therapy - Experience and safety in treatment of actinic keratoses of the face and scalp in low latitude and high brightness region]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100142&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en ABSTRACT Daylight photodynamic therapy has been used in countries with high latitudes during the summer for actinic keratoses treatment with reports of similar efficacy to conventional photodynamic therapy. We evaluate its safety in 20 patients in the city of Fortaleza, a local with low latitude and high brightness. Sixteen patients did not report any discomfort due to the procedure. Daylight photodynamic therapy is an easy application method with great tolerability by the patient and has the possibility of being performed throughout the year in these regions. It can mean a promising tool in the control of skin cancer. <![CDATA[Becker's nevus associated with basal cell carcinoma: an unusual presentation in a sun-protected area]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100145&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en ABSTRACT Daylight photodynamic therapy has been used in countries with high latitudes during the summer for actinic keratoses treatment with reports of similar efficacy to conventional photodynamic therapy. We evaluate its safety in 20 patients in the city of Fortaleza, a local with low latitude and high brightness. Sixteen patients did not report any discomfort due to the procedure. Daylight photodynamic therapy is an easy application method with great tolerability by the patient and has the possibility of being performed throughout the year in these regions. It can mean a promising tool in the control of skin cancer. <![CDATA[Lyme disease in a Brazilian traveler who returned from Germany]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100148&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en ABSTRACT Daylight photodynamic therapy has been used in countries with high latitudes during the summer for actinic keratoses treatment with reports of similar efficacy to conventional photodynamic therapy. We evaluate its safety in 20 patients in the city of Fortaleza, a local with low latitude and high brightness. Sixteen patients did not report any discomfort due to the procedure. Daylight photodynamic therapy is an easy application method with great tolerability by the patient and has the possibility of being performed throughout the year in these regions. It can mean a promising tool in the control of skin cancer. <![CDATA[Acute hemorrhagic edema of infancy (Finkelstein's disease): favorable outcome with systemic steroids in a female patient]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100150&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en ABSTRACT Daylight photodynamic therapy has been used in countries with high latitudes during the summer for actinic keratoses treatment with reports of similar efficacy to conventional photodynamic therapy. We evaluate its safety in 20 patients in the city of Fortaleza, a local with low latitude and high brightness. Sixteen patients did not report any discomfort due to the procedure. Daylight photodynamic therapy is an easy application method with great tolerability by the patient and has the possibility of being performed throughout the year in these regions. It can mean a promising tool in the control of skin cancer. <![CDATA[S-100 negative myxoid neurothekeoma: a new type of neurothekeoma?]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100153&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en ABSTRACT Daylight photodynamic therapy has been used in countries with high latitudes during the summer for actinic keratoses treatment with reports of similar efficacy to conventional photodynamic therapy. We evaluate its safety in 20 patients in the city of Fortaleza, a local with low latitude and high brightness. Sixteen patients did not report any discomfort due to the procedure. Daylight photodynamic therapy is an easy application method with great tolerability by the patient and has the possibility of being performed throughout the year in these regions. It can mean a promising tool in the control of skin cancer. <![CDATA[Lewis-Sumner syndrome associated with infliximab therapy for psoriasis]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100156&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en ABSTRACT Daylight photodynamic therapy has been used in countries with high latitudes during the summer for actinic keratoses treatment with reports of similar efficacy to conventional photodynamic therapy. We evaluate its safety in 20 patients in the city of Fortaleza, a local with low latitude and high brightness. Sixteen patients did not report any discomfort due to the procedure. Daylight photodynamic therapy is an easy application method with great tolerability by the patient and has the possibility of being performed throughout the year in these regions. It can mean a promising tool in the control of skin cancer. <![CDATA[Sarcoidosis and cutaneous lymphoma: What is the relationship?]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100158&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en ABSTRACT Daylight photodynamic therapy has been used in countries with high latitudes during the summer for actinic keratoses treatment with reports of similar efficacy to conventional photodynamic therapy. We evaluate its safety in 20 patients in the city of Fortaleza, a local with low latitude and high brightness. Sixteen patients did not report any discomfort due to the procedure. Daylight photodynamic therapy is an easy application method with great tolerability by the patient and has the possibility of being performed throughout the year in these regions. It can mean a promising tool in the control of skin cancer. <![CDATA[Sycosiform tinea barbae caused by <em>trichophyton rubrum</em> and its association with autoinoculation]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100160&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en ABSTRACT Daylight photodynamic therapy has been used in countries with high latitudes during the summer for actinic keratoses treatment with reports of similar efficacy to conventional photodynamic therapy. We evaluate its safety in 20 patients in the city of Fortaleza, a local with low latitude and high brightness. Sixteen patients did not report any discomfort due to the procedure. Daylight photodynamic therapy is an easy application method with great tolerability by the patient and has the possibility of being performed throughout the year in these regions. It can mean a promising tool in the control of skin cancer. <![CDATA[A case of benign hereditary telangiectasia without family history]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0365-05962017000100162&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en ABSTRACT Daylight photodynamic therapy has been used in countries with high latitudes during the summer for actinic keratoses treatment with reports of similar efficacy to conventional photodynamic therapy. We evaluate its safety in 20 patients in the city of Fortaleza, a local with low latitude and high brightness. Sixteen patients did not report any discomfort due to the procedure. Daylight photodynamic therapy is an easy application method with great tolerability by the patient and has the possibility of being performed throughout the year in these regions. It can mean a promising tool in the control of skin cancer.