Scielo RSS <![CDATA[International braz j urol]]> http://www.scielo.br/rss.php?pid=1677-553820140005&lang=pt vol. 40 num. 5 lang. pt <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> http://www.scielo.br/img/en/fbpelogp.gif http://www.scielo.br <![CDATA[Beyond the frontiers]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-55382014000500585&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt <![CDATA[Tubularized incised plate urethroplasty for hypospadias reoperation: a review and meta-analysis]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-55382014000500588&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Purpose Tubularized Incised Plate (TIP) urethroplasty is a technique for urethral reconstruction of hypospadias although there are some controversies for its use in recurrent cases. The aim of this study was to review the results of TIP technique in various studies and the usage of different flaps for covering the repair site. Material and Methods Extensive Search was performed for articles published between 1994 and 2013 in common electronic databases. The overall TIP complication rates were estimated by a fixed effects model meta-analysis. Results 17 articles of hypospadia repair using the TIP method were reviewed. All studies performed surgery and repair on the basis of the Snodgrass’s method; however, some introduced modifications to the method. The prevalence of complications in repeated TIP surgery was 11.1 to 33.3% and the most prevalent complication in different studies was fistula. Based on the meta-analysis, the overall estimation of complications was 21.8 % (95% CI: 18.3 to 25.5). Conclusion Most studies performed the incision of the urethral plate to create a supportive coverage upon neourethra, and confirmed its success. We recommend further investigation on using different flaps in well-designed randomized controlled trials to choose the best surgical method for repairing recurrent hypospadias. <![CDATA[Parameters of two-dimensional perineal ultrasonography for evaluation of urinary incontinence after Radical Prostatectomy]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-55382014000500596&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Introduction Urinary incontinence remains a major concern for patients undergoing radical prostatectomy. Its prevalence can reach 20% in the late postoperative period. Materials and Methods This clinical study investigated the differences of a dynamic evaluation of the urethra and pelvic floor contraction using perineal ultrasound in men without prostate surgery and in men submitted to radical prostatectomy with and without stress urinary incontinence. Ninety two male patients were included, which 70% of them underwent radical prostatectomy (RP) for more than one year. Thirty one men with clinically post prostatectomy incontinence were compared by two-dimensional (2D) perineal ultrasound to 34 patients without post prostatectomy incontinence and to 27 men without surgery in two centers in Brazil. Results Our results showed that the continent group presented the urethral angle at rest significantly lower than the prostate group (p = 0.0002). We also observed that the incontinent group showed the displacement of the anterior bladder neck during contraction significantly lower than the continent group (p = 0.008). Conclusions We found that the continent group presented the urethral angle at rest significantly lower than the prostate group. The incontinent group also showed the anterior bladder neck displacement during contraction significantly lower than the continent group. It was more evident when the severe incontinent group and the continent group were compared. <![CDATA[How many cores should be taken in a repeat biopsy on patients in whom atypical small acinar proliferation has been identified in an initial transrectal prostate biopsy?]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-55382014000500605&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Objective To compare cancer detection rates according to the number of biopsy cores in patients on whom a repeat prostate biopsy was performed for atypical small acinar proliferation (ASAP). Materials and Methods The data of 4950 consecutive patients on whom prostate biopsies were performed were assessed retrospectively. A total of 107 patients were identified as having ASAP following an initial prostate biopsy, and they were included in the study. A six-core prostate biopsy (PBx) was performed on 15 of the 107 patients, 12 PBx on 32 patients, and 20 PBx on 60 patients. Cancer detection rates were compared according to the number of biopsy cores. The localization of the cancer foci was also evaluated. Results The cancer detection rates in patients on whom 6 PBx, 12 PBx, and 20 PBx were performed were 20% (3/15), 31% (10/32), and 58% (35/60), respectively, and a statistically significant difference was found (p = 0.005). When cancer detection rates in patients with total prostate specific antigen (PSA) &lt; 10ng/mL, PSA density ≥ 0.15, normal digital rectal examination, and prostate volume ≥ 55mL were compared according to the number of biopsy cores, a significant difference was identified (p = 0.02, 0.03, 0.006, and 0.04, respectively). Seventy-five percent of the foci where cancer was detected were at the same and/or adjacent sites as the ASAP foci in the initial biopsy, and 54% were identified in contralateral biopsies in which ASAP foci were present. Conclusion As the biopsy core number increases, the cancer detection rate increases significantly in patients on whom a repeat biopsy is performed due to ASAP. The highest cancer rate is found in 20-core repeat biopsies performed equally from all foci. <![CDATA[Prostate volume predicts high grade prostate cancer both in digital rectal examination negative (ct1c) and positive (≥ct2) patients]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-55382014000500613&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Introduction We aimed to assess the relationship between prostate volume (PV) and high grade prostate carcinoma (HGPCa) in patients with benign and suspicious digital rectal examination (DRE) in our prostate biopsy cohort. Materials and methods Between 2009-2012, 759 consecutive initial transrectal systematic 12 cores prostate biopsies were included. PVs were calculated with transrectal ultrasound. Only prostate adenocarcinomas (PCa) were included into the study. For standardization, patients with missing data, and who have been exposed to any form of hormonal or radiation therapy were excluded. Patients were categorized with DRE (negative or positive) and Gleason sum [&lt;7: low grade PCa(LGPCa), ≥7: HGPCa]. Results Median PV was significantly lower in patients with HGPCa. There was a significantly increased risk of HGPCa with PV according to all groups in univariate logistic regression (LR). The significant relationship continued in multivariate LR with PSA and age. We found a PV cut-off value of 47.9cc for HGPCa. HGPCa was significantly higher in &lt;47.9 volume, both in DRE positive and negative patients and in the whole cohort, although LGPCa did not differ significantly. Conclusions There is a significant relationship between HGPCa and decreasing PV. The continued significant relationship both in DRE negative and positive patients reinforces this relation. <![CDATA[Impact of trait anxiety on psychological well-being in men with prostate cancer]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-55382014000500620&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Objective The aim of the present study was to determine state anxiety following radical treatment for localized prostate cancer (PCa), and the impact of trait anxiety on psychological well-being in affected patients. Material and Methods The present study was a cross-sectional survey of 70 men with localized PCa performed between February 2012 and July 2012. Of those, 21, 25, and 24 patients were treated by radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP), permanent prostate brachytherapy (PPB), and external beam radiotherapy (EBRT), respectively. State anxiety, trait anxiety, and general health were assessed using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and 8 Items Short Form Health Survey (SF-8). Results The rate of very high and high state anxiety in patients who received RRP was 47.6%, while that in patients who received PPB and EBRT was 40.0% and 37.5%, respectively. In contrast, the rate of very high and high trait anxiety in the RRP group was much lower (23.7%). Trait anxiety showed a high correlation with state anxiety and the mental health component summary of SF-8 (correlation coefficient=0.715, -0.504). Conclusions Trait anxiety was associated with the degree of state anxiety regarding treatments for PCa, followed by change in state anxiety, which might have effects on psychological well-being. Information regarding state anxiety as a consequence of treatments and trait anxiety measurement tool are important considerations for treatment decision-making in newly diagnosed PCa patients. <![CDATA[Active surveillance of renal masses: an analysis of growth kinetics and clinical outcomes stratified by radiological characteristics at diagnosis]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-55382014000500627&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt AIMS To determine the growth rate of renal masses (RMs) under active surveillance (AS), and to describe the clinical outcome of AS patients. Materials and Methods We conducted a retrospective review of an AS database to obtain demographics, radiological and pathologic characteristics and RM size of patients. RMs were followed at 6-12 month intervals for ≥1 year with computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or renal ultrasound. Kaplan-Meier analysis determined the annual likelihood of intervention. RMs were divided into 3 radiographic subcategories (solid, cystic, and angiomyolipoma). A linear regression model determined RM growth rates. Results 131 RMs in 114 patients were included. Median age, Charlson Comorbidity Index score and mean follow-up were 69.1 years, 4.0 and 4.2±2.6 years, respectively. Maximal tumor diameter (MTD) at diagnosis was 2.1±1.3 cm. 49 RMs exhibited negative or zero net growth. Mean MTD growth rate for all RMs was 0.72±3.2 (95% CI: 0.16-1.28) mm/year. When stratified by MTD at diagnosis, mean RM growth rates were 0.84, 0.84, 0.44, 0.74 and 0.71 mm/year for RMs &lt;1 cm, 1-&lt;2cm, 2-&lt;3cm, 3-&lt;4cm and ≥4cm, respectively (p&lt;0.01). The 5 and 10-year freedom from intervention rates were 93.1% and 88.5%, respectively. There was a single case of suspected metastases, but no deaths related to kidney cancer. Conclusions RMs under AS grew slowly, and had a low incidence of requiring surgical intervention and progression. Solid enhancing masses grew slowly, and were more likely to trigger intervention. AS should be considered for selected patients with small RMs. <![CDATA[Identifying unrecognized collecting system entry and the integrity of repair during open partial nephrectomy: comparison of two techniques]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-55382014000500637&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Purpose To compare retrograde dye injection through an externalized ureteral catheter with direct needle injection of dye into proximal ureter for identification of unrecognized collecting system disruption and integrity of subsequent repair during open partial nephrectomy. Materials and Methods We retrospectively reviewed the records of 259 consecutive patients who underwent open partial nephrectomy. Externalized ureteral catheters were placed preoperatively in 110 patients (Group 1); needle injection of methylene blue directly into proximal ureter was used in 120 patients (Group 2). No assessment of the collecting system was performed in 29 patients (Group 3). We compared intraoperative parameters, tumor characteristics, collecting system entry and incidence of urine leaks among the three groups. Results The mean tumor diameter was 3.1cm in Group 1, 3.6cm in Group 2, and 3.8 cm in Group 3 (p = 0.04); mean EBL 320cc, 351 cc and 376cc (p = 0.5); mean operative time 193.5 minutes, 221 minutes and 290 minutes (p &lt; 0.001). Collecting system entry was recognized in 63%, 76% and 38% of cases in Groups 1, 2 and 3 respectively. (p = 0.07). Postoperative urine leaks requiring some form of management occurred in 11 patients from group 1 and 6 from group 2. (p = 0.2). No patient in Group 3 developed a urinary leak. Conclusions Identification of unrecognized collecting system disruption as well as postoperative urine leak rate in patients undergoing partial nephrectomy were not influenced by the intraoperative technique of identifying unrecognized collecting system entry. Postoperative urine leaks are uncommon despite recognized collecting system disruption in the majority of patients. <![CDATA[Micro RNA expression and prognosis in low-grade non-invasive urothelial carcinoma]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-55382014000500644&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Purpose To analyze a possible correlation between a miRNA expression profile and important prognostic factors for pTa urothelial carcinomas (UC), including tumor size, multiplicity and episodes of recurrence. Materials and Methods Thirty low-grade non-invasive pTa bladder UC from patients submitted to transurethral resection were studied, in a mean follow-up of 17.7 months. As controls, we used normal bladder tissue from five patients submitted to retropubic prostatectomy to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia. Extraction, cDNA and amplification were performed for 14 miRNAs (miR-100, -10a, -21, -205, -let7c, -143, -145, -221, -223, -15a, -16, -199a and -452) using specific kits, and RNU-43 and -48 were used as endogenous controls. Statistical tests were used to compare tumor size, multiplicity and episodes of recurrence with miRNAs expression profiles. Results There was a marginal correlation between multiplicity and miR-let7c over-expression. For all others miRNA no correlation between their expression and prognostic factors was found. Conclusion We did not find differences for miRNAs expression profiles associated with prognostic factors in tumor group studied. The majority of miRNAs are down-regulated, except miR-10a, over-expressed in most of cases, seeming to have increased levels in tumor with more unfavorable prognostic factors. More studies are needed in order to find a miRNA profile able to provide prognosis in pTa UC to be used in clinical practice. <![CDATA[Comparison of Pneumatic, Ultrasonic and Combination Lithotripters in Percutaneous Nephrolithotripsy]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-55382014000500650&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Purpose We aimed to compare the outcomes of pneumatic (PL), ultrasonic (UL) and combined (PL/UL) lithotripsy performed in percutaneous lithotripsy (PNL) according to success rates and stone clearence. Materials and Methods The medical records of 512 patients treated with PNL between April 2010 and April 2013 were evaluated. Postoperative stone analysis revealed as calcium oxalate in 408 of these patients. The operation notes of 355 patients recorded in detail with complete parameters were reviewed. According to stone disintegration method, patients were divided into three groups: PL only in Group I, UL only in Group II, and UL/PL combination in Group III. Number of patients was 155, 110 and 90, respectively. Results Fluoroscopy screening time was significantly shorter in group II, and III compared to group I (p&lt;0.001). The failure rates were 13.5% (21 patients) for group I, 3.6% (4 patients) for group II, and 3.3% (3 patients) for group III. There was a significant statistical difference in favor of group II and III by means of success (p=0.023). Group II and III had larger FSA, and this was statistically significant (p=0.032). Stone disintegration time (SDT) was 64.0±41.92 minutes for group I, 49.5±34.63 for group II, and 37.7±16.89 for group III. Group III has a statistically significant shorter SDT (p=0.011). Conclusions We concluded that, in cases with high stone burden, where faster and efficient lithotripsy is needed, combined ultrasonic / pneumatic lithotripter may be the ideal choice and in suitable cases ultrasonic lithotripter usage provides important advantages to the surgeon. <![CDATA[Surgical management of adrenal cysts: a single-institution experience]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-55382014000500656&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Objective To analyze surgical methods and evaluate treatment efficacy and safety for managing adrenal cystic lesions. Materials and methods All patients presenting with adrenal lesions of the West China Hospital were reviewed retrospectively from January 2003 to April 2013 and 47 were diagnosed as adrenal cysts. Basic information, clinical history, physical examination, laboratory investigations, abdominal ultrasound and enhanced computed tomography were detailed noted. Cysts with different surgical management were analyzed and surgery option operative time, postoperative complications and after-surgery hospital stay were all noted. The final diagnosis was judged by histopathology. Patients were followed from 3 month to 10 years. Results All the 47 patients with a mean age of 43.8 years were managed by surgical intervention. Compared laparoscopic technology with open technology, the laparoscopic has the advantage of a shorter operation time, shorter hospital stay after surgery and enhanced cosmesis. The histopathologic result was: 23 (50%) were endothelial cysts and 16 (35%) were pseudocysts. One patient had evidence to recurrence at the followed-up stage. Conclusion Adrenal cysts are rare and with the development of imaging techniques many of these are diagnosed incidentally. CT has advantages in detecting the cysts with haemorrhage, intracystic debris, calcification and mixed adrenal mass. Minimally invasive surgery offers equivalent efficacy to traditional open procedures, while providing a shorter operation time, shorter convalescence and improved cosmesis. Patients after surgical resection should be followed up closely especially if functional cysts and histopathology of cystic tumor are present. <![CDATA[Differences in urodynamic voiding variables recorded by conventional cystometry and ambulatory monitoring in symptomatic women]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-55382014000500666&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Objectives To determine whether there are differences in pressure and flow measurements between conventional cystometry (CONV) and ambulatory urodynamic monitoring (AMB) in women with overactive bladder syndrome and urinary incontinence. Materials and Methods Retrospective study which included female subjects who underwent both CONV (with saline filling medium) and AMB, separated by less than 24 months, not using medication active on the lower urinary tract and without history of prior pelvic surgery. Both tests were carried out in compliance with the International Continence Society standards. The paired Student’s t test was used to compare continuous variables. Bland-Altman statistics were used to assess the agreement of each variable between both studies. Results Thirty women with a median (range) age of 50 (14 - 73) years met the inclusion criteria. AMB was carried out at a mean (SD) of 11 (6) months after CONV. Measurements of pves and pabd at the end of filling, and Qmax were significantly higher from AMB recordings. There were no differences in pdet at the end of filling, pdetQmax or pdetmax during voiding, nor significant difference in Vvoid. Conclusions We provide previously undocumented comparative voiding data between CONV and AMB for patients who most commonly require both investigations. Our findings show higher values of Qmax but similar values of pdetQmax measured by AMB which may partly reflect an overall lower catheter caliber, physiological filling but perhaps also more ‘normal’ voiding conditions. <![CDATA[Epididymitis in Patients with Anorectal Malformations: A Cause for Urologic Concern]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-55382014000500676&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Introduction Epididymitis in patients with anorectal malformation (ARM) represents a unique problem because unlike the general population, an underlying urinary tract problem is frequently identified. We review our experience with epididymitis in ARM population with an emphasis on examining urologic outcomes. Materials and Methods We performed a retrospective review of male patients with ARM cared for from 1980 to 2010. Clinical and pathologic variables recorded included age at presentation, recurrence, associated urologic anomalies, incidence of ureteral fusion with mesonephric ductal structures, glomerular filtration rate and urodynamic parameters. Results Twenty-six patients were identified with documented episodes of epididymitis. Renal injury was noted in five patients (19%), all of whom were diagnosed with neurogenic bladder (NGB) several years after anorectoplasty. NGB was found in ten patients (38%) in our series. Ectopic insertion of ureter into a mesonephric ductal structure was discovered in five patients (19%). Twelve patients (46%) had recurrent episodes of epididymitis, with seven of these patients (58%) being diagnosed with NGB. Two patients in the pubertal group presented with a history of epididymitis and complained of ejaculatory pain. Conclusion Epididymitis in a patient with ARM warrants a comprehensive urologic investigation, particularly in recurrent episodes. Attempts at surgical intervention (e.g. vasectomy) should be avoided until functional assessment of the urinary tract has occurred. Failure to recognize this association may lead to potentially avoidable complications and morbidity. Long term urological follow up of these patients is warranted to identify at risk patients and minimize renal deterioration <![CDATA[Alpha adrenergic receptors in renal pelvis and calyces: can rat models be used?]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-55382014000500683&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt We aimed, in this study, to determine the distribution of α-1 AR subtypes in rat and human pelvis and calyces, and to evaluate, by comparing these two species, the possibility of rats to be used as models for humans. Twenty patients with renal carcinoma were included into the study. The patients underwent radical nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). After nephrectomy, specimens were evaluated and excisional biopsies from healthy pelvis and calyces tissues were performed. When pathology confirmed the non-invasion of RCC, specimen was included into the study. A total of 7 adult Wistar Albino (250-300 g) female rats were used in this study. Specimens included renal pelvis and calyces. All specimens were evaluated under light microscope histopathologically. The concentrations of the receptor densities did not differ between the two groups. With the demonstration of the α receptors in rat kidneys and calyces, many receptor-based studies concerning both humans and rats can take place. Novel medication targeting these subtypes -in this matter α1A and α1D for renal pelvis and calyces- may be helpful for expulsive therapy and/or pain relief. With the demonstration of similar receptor densities between human and rat tissues, rat model may be useful for α-receptor trials for renal pelvis and calyces. <![CDATA[Intravenous misplacement of nephrostomy tube following percutaneous nephrolithotomy: Three new cases and review of seven cases in the literature]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-55382014000500690&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Purpose We investigated the characteristics and management of patients with intravenous misplacement of a nephrostomy tube. Materials and Methods Between July 2007 and July 2013, 4148 patients with urolithiasis underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in our hospital. Intravenous misplacement of a nephrostomy tube occurred in two of these patients. Another patient with intravenous misplacement of a nephrostomy tube, who underwent PCNL in another hospital, was transferred to our hospital. The data of the three patients were retrospectively analyzed. Results The incidence of intravenous misplacement of a nephrostomy tube following PCNL was 0.5% (2/4148) at our hospital. A solitary kidney was present in one of the three patients. The tip of tube was located into the inferior vena cava (IVC) in two patients and into the renal vein in one patient. All three patients were successfully managed with strict bed rest, intravenous antibiotics and one-step (one patient) or two-step (two patients) tube withdrawal under close monitoring. None of the patients underwent antithrombotic therapy. The original operations were performed successfully under close observation in two patients and changed to another operation in one patient. All patients were discharged uneventfully. Conclusions The incidence of intravenous misplacement of a nephrostomy tube following PCNL is 0.5% at our hospital. Intravenous nephrostomy tube misplacement is an uncommon complication of PCNL. A solitary kidney may render patients susceptible to this complication. Most patients may be managed conservatively with strict bed rest, intravenous antibiotics and one-step or two-step tube withdrawal under close monitoring. <![CDATA[Two-handed assisted laparoscopic surgery: Evaluation in an animal model]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-55382014000500697&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Purposes To evaluate in an animal model the feasibility of a novel concept of hand-assisted surgery consisting of inserting two hands into the abdomen instead of one. The chosen procedure was retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (L-RPLND) that was performed in five pigs. Surgical Technique A Pfannestiel and a transverse epigastric incisions were made through which both hands were introduced. The scope was inserted through the umbilicus. The colon was moved medially and the dissection was performed as in open surgery using short conventional surgical instruments. Comments The surgery was fulfilled easily and safely in quite a similar way as in open surgery. Two-handed laparoscopy may be indicated in cases that still today require an open approach as apparently makes the operation easier and significantly shortens the surgery time. However, new opinions and trials are required. <![CDATA[Urological surgery in epidermolysis bullosa: tactical planning for surgery and anesthesia]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-55382014000500702&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is characterized by extreme fragility of the skin and mucosae. Anesthetic and surgical techniques have to be adapted to those children and routine practice may not be adequate. Urological problems are relatively common, but surgical techniques adapted to those children have not been well debated and only low evidence is available to this moment. Herein we discuss the specifics of anesthetic and surgical techniques chosen to treat a six year old EB male presenting with symptomatic phimosis. <![CDATA[Optimizing Penile Length in Patients Undergoing Partial Penectomy for Penile Cancer: Novel Application of the Ventral Phalloplasty Oncoplastic Technique]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-55382014000500708&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt The ventral phalloplasty (VP) has been well described in modern day penile prosthesis surgery. The main objectives of this maneuver are to increase perceived length and patient satisfaction and to counteract the natural 1-2 cm average loss in length when performing implantation of an inflatable penile prosthesis. Similarly, this video represents a new adaptation for partial penectomy patients. One can only hope that the addition of the VP for partial penectomy patients with good erectile function will increase their quality of life. The patient in this video is a 56-year-old male who presented with a 4.0x3.5x1.0 cm, pathologic stage T2 squamous cell carcinoma of the glans penis. After partial penectomy with VP and inguinal lymph node dissection, pathological specimen revealed negative margins, 3/5 right superficial nodes and 1/5 left superficial nodes positive for malignancy. The patient has been recommended post-operative systemic chemotherapy (with external beam radiotherapy) based on the multiple node positivity and presence of extranodal extension. The patient’s pre-operative penile length was 9.5 cm, and after partial penectomy with VP, penile length is 7 cm. <![CDATA[Extracorporeal transient distal penile corporoglanular shunt in early ischemic priapism treatment]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-55382014000500710&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Purpose Ischemic priapism, which is a compartment syndrome, needs urgent treatment in order to nourish corpora cavernosa. As the first step, the aspiration of blood and/or the irrigation of the cavernosal bodies are performed to prevent fibrotic activity and secure erectile capability. While performing aspiration and irrigation, there are some risks of the procedure in which most refrained one is cardiovascular side effects of adrenergic agonists. We aimed to evaluate extracorporeal transient distal penile corporoglanular shunt technique in place of aspiration/ irrigation techniques for early ischemic priapism treatment. Materials and Methods In this transient shunt technique, a sterile closed system blood collection set (BD Vacutainer, Cat. No.: 367282; NJ, USA), which has two 21G needles, was used. The length of the needle and tubing was 19 mm. (0.75 inch) and 178 mm. (7 inches), respectively. This blood collection set was designed to be used not only for blood collection but can also be used for short term infusions (maximum 2 hours). Results Ten patients out of fifteen with early ischemic priapism were successfully treated with this transient shunt technique. The permanent detumescence achieved in the first 10 minutes in nine out of fifteen patients. No additional procedure needed after the disappearance of rigidity in successfully treated patients. The permanent detumescence achieved in the first 10 minutes in nine out of fifteen patients. Conclusions We demonstrated that this extracorporeal transient shunt technique gets some advantages over aspiration and irrigation in early ischemic priapism treatment. Our results indicate that the presented technique to be offered for the patients with an ischemic priapism episode of no more than 7 hours. <![CDATA[Re: Randomized Controlled Trial to Compare the Safety and Efficacy of Tamsulosin, Solifenacin, and Combination of Both in Treatment of Double-J Stent-Related Lower Urinary Symptoms]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1677-55382014000500712&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Purpose Ischemic priapism, which is a compartment syndrome, needs urgent treatment in order to nourish corpora cavernosa. As the first step, the aspiration of blood and/or the irrigation of the cavernosal bodies are performed to prevent fibrotic activity and secure erectile capability. While performing aspiration and irrigation, there are some risks of the procedure in which most refrained one is cardiovascular side effects of adrenergic agonists. We aimed to evaluate extracorporeal transient distal penile corporoglanular shunt technique in place of aspiration/ irrigation techniques for early ischemic priapism treatment. Materials and Methods In this transient shunt technique, a sterile closed system blood collection set (BD Vacutainer, Cat. No.: 367282; NJ, USA), which has two 21G needles, was used. The length of the needle and tubing was 19 mm. (0.75 inch) and 178 mm. (7 inches), respectively. This blood collection set was designed to be used not only for blood collection but can also be used for short term infusions (maximum 2 hours). Results Ten patients out of fifteen with early ischemic priapism were successfully treated with this transient shunt technique. The permanent detumescence achieved in the first 10 minutes in nine out of fifteen patients. No additional procedure needed after the disappearance of rigidity in successfully treated patients. The permanent detumescence achieved in the first 10 minutes in nine out of fifteen patients. Conclusions We demonstrated that this extracorporeal transient shunt technique gets some advantages over aspiration and irrigation in early ischemic priapism treatment. Our results indicate that the presented technique to be offered for the patients with an ischemic priapism episode of no more than 7 hours.