Scielo RSS <![CDATA[JISTEM - Journal of Information Systems and Technology Management]]> vol. 12 num. 1 lang. en <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> <![CDATA[ROLE OF GIS, RFID AND HANDHELD COMPUTERS IN EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT: AN EXPLORATORY CASE STUDY ANALYSIS]]> This paper underlines the task characteristics of the emergency management life cycle. Moreover, the characteristics of three ubiquitous technologies including RFID, handheld computers and GIS are discussed and further used as a criterion to evaluate their potential for emergency management tasks. Built on a rather loose interpretation of Task-technology Fit model, a conceptual model presented in this paper advocates that a technology that offers better features for task characteristics is more likely to be adopted in emergency management. Empirical findings presented in this paper reveal the significance of task characteristics and their role in evaluating the suitability of three ubiquitous technologies before their actual adoption in emergency management. <![CDATA[ENTERPRISE TECHNOLOGY IN SUPPORT FOR ACCOUNTING INFORMATION SYSTEMS. AN INNOVATION AND PRODUCTIVITY APPROACH]]> Technology and the accounting information systems are implemented in an organization with the aim of improving their efficiency. Companies spend large amounts of money on these tools every year in order to improve their organizational performance. The aim of this research is to determine the influence of SMEs’ technological alignment, information management and technological infrastructure on the performance of an institution (innovation and productivity) in which accounting information systems are used. An empirical study is conducted in enterprises belonging to the service, commercial and industrial sectors in Ciudad Victoria, México, with the help of the SmartPLS statistical tool. The results mainly show that technology has helped raise productivity (improvement in administrative activities, in decision-making and in the use of generated information). <![CDATA[INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND ORGANIZATIONAL MEMORY: A LITERATURE REVIEW]]> The advancement of technologies and Information Systems (IS) associated with the search for success in the competitive market leads organizations to seek strategies that assist in acquisition, retention, storage, and dissemination of knowledge in the organization in order to be reused in time, preserving its Organizational Memory (OM). Organizational Memory Information Systems (OMIS) emerge as an enhancer of the OM, providing effective support and resources for the organization, assisting in decision making, in the solution of problems, as well as in quality and development of products and services. This article is an analysis of some OMIS selected from a literature review about its features and functionality in order to understand how these information systems are seen by the organizations. With this research, we realized that the relationship between OM and IS is still inexpressive, even with the existence of some cases of success in the use of OMIS in the literature. The literature reveals that an individuals' knowledge is not integrated in information systems management process in most organizations; much of this knowledge is generated in the organization retained in an individual himself/herself. It is easy to see that there is a need for strategies and mechanisms in the organization to stimulate and provide better knowledge sharing between individuals which, when associated to IS, allows greater control and effective use of Organizational Memory. <![CDATA[SOFTWARE SELECTION THROUGH DECISION ANALYSIS AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT]]> This paper aims to access the best alternative, from a set of five, of software for statistical analysis in a seed company in Brazil. The methodology considers the costs related to the process, R programming and its relationship with the final decision made regarding the software selection, being all these aspects framed by the tool discussed in (Howard, 1988; Howard, 2004) applied to the information technology context. The results present cost reduction in the process of statistical analysis and a change in the decision about the statistical software to be used by the enterprise. The paper consider only one specific application of analysis used by the enterprise which can be improved with the use of platforms such as Rstudio, and the packages Knitr and Shiny.<hr/> Howard, 1988 Howard, 2004 <![CDATA[ANALISYS OF IT OUTSOURCING CONTRACTS AT THE TCU (FEDERAL COURT OF ACCOUNTS) AND OF THE LEGISLATION THAT GOVERNS THESE CONTRACTS IN THE BRAZILIAN FEDERAL PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION]]> Information technology (IT) outsourcing has for a long time been a major trend in business and government. Accountability of IT outsourcing contracts in the public administration is recognized as an important factor contributing to government transparency and public services quality, given the legislation governing these contracts and the amount of related expenditures. Considering the trend towards open government data publishing, including data on outsourcing contracts, there is an interesting opportunity for citizens to participate in the open auditing of these contracts as a means to assess the good application of public resources. In this study we explore this possibility by analyzing open data published by the Brazilian Federal Court of Accounts (TCU is its acronym in Portuguese), an interesting case since this agency has a paramount role in auditing the whole Brazilian Federal Public Administration. To this end, we gathered open data from the TCU regarding all outsourced IT services contracts maintained by the agency during the years 2000-2013. This data is analyzed to verify, from an external point of view, the related duration and values, identifying diferences between the predicted and actual amounts spent and evaluating the administration of such contracts regarding legislation. This analysis is based on a detailed survey of the relevant legislation as well as the verification of original contract terms and their addendums. As a result, we observed substantial differences in the amount spent on execution with respect to those predicted in the original contracts. Also, we identified the utilization of special justifications prescribed by law to sustain the extension of some contracts. Given these results, it is possible that IT outsourcing is not necessarily proved to be the best solution for the public sector problems regarding the lack of skilled personnel, which implies the need to assess the cost-benefit of maintaining these contracts. Also, it is possible that the existing legislation needs development in order to provide more flexibility to outsourcing contract management. <![CDATA[NEW TIMES, NEW STRATEGIES: PROPOSAL FOR AN ADDITIONAL DIMENSION TO THE 4 P'S FOR E-COMMERCE DOT-COM]]> Proper marketing management is fundamental to any business endeavor, including dot-coms. However, to date, as identified in a review of the International Journal of Electronic Commerce (IJEC) production and the last 10 years of EnANPAD (EnANPAD is the annual Brazilian Academy of Management conference). There are no works on the applicability of the 4P's to e-commerce, a gap in the literature that this study proposes to fill. It uses a qualitative approach methodology, investigating several empirical studies about digital commerce, and comparing it with the mainstream strategic marketing literature. Inferences were developed, pushing further the theory boundaries of this field. Both the classical works as those from Borden (1964) and Mccarthy (1960) and many other contemporaries are evaluated. The present research utilizes these works as a source of information and data. Using a process of comparison with the marketing mix model, it searches for a possible lack of fit between the related empirical environments and such a model. The results identify several key variables in each of the P's related to security in electronic commerce. This dimension seems to be the key in shaping the perception of customer value, thus supporting its inclusion as a fifth dimension along with the 4P's. <![CDATA[CONVERSATIONAL COMPETENCES MODEL FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND BUSINESS STRATEGIC ALIGNMENT]]> The main objective of this study is the development of a model of conversational competences for Business and IT managers aiming at the strategic alignment between their areas. The theory of this alignment highlights the importance of communication between Business and IT areas, which is explored in the social dimension of their managers’ relationship through conversational competences. A survey research was performed with Business and IT managers from public and private organizations in Brazil, whose data were analyzed through multivariate statistical techniques – exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis – and thematic content analysis. The results confirmed the constructs and most of the hypotheses of the proposed research model, which was expanded with new constructs and hypotheses.<hr/>O objetivo principal deste estudo é o desenvolvimento de um modelo de competências conversacionais aos gestores de TI e Negócio para o alinhamento estratégico entre as suas áreas. A teoria desse alinhamento destaca a importância da comunicação entre as áreas de TI e Negócio, que na sua dimensão social é explorada neste estudo sob o enfoque das competências conversacionais no relacionamento entre os seus gestores. Foi realizada pesquisa survey junto a esses gestores em organizações públicas e privadas localizadas no Brasil, cujos dados foram analisados por meio de técnicas estatísticas multivariadas – análise fatorial exploratória e confirmatória – e análise de conteúdo temática. Os resultados da pesquisa confirmaram os construtos e a maioria das hipóteses do modelo de pesquisa proposto, que foi expandido com novos construtos e hipóteses. <![CDATA[CRITICAL FACTORS IN THE IMPLEMENTATION PROCESS OF INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS]]> This study is the result of research whose purpose was to study the implementation process of integrated management systems, called ERP Enterprise Resource Planning in the business environment. This study, more specifically, tried to identify the variables in this process and that, somehow, made it easy or caused some type of difficulty implementing the system. Based on the mixed method approach (Creswell, 2003), the study was performed by means of the content analysis of technical and scientific publications about this theme and by means of a field research for data collection from primary sources. The content analysis was based on the per mile procedure by Bardin (1977), making it possible to identify critical factors that may be found in the implementation of ERP system projects. Primary data was collected from structured interviews with the managers in charge of the implementation of the system, in each of the 12 companies in different sectors of the economy and based in Brazil. Based on this information, it was possible to test the factors extracted from the content analysis and then develop a list of factors that may effectively influence the implementation process of the system. In order to recognize the possible relations between the selected factors, the Spearman (rsp) correlation coefficient was applied and the multiple regression analysis was performed by means of the stepwise procedure. The purpose of the regression analysis was to determine the relation of the “Assessment of the Implementation” dependent variable with other dependent variables in the selected categories. The results of these analyses showed that the support of the top management, the communication process for the clear evidence of this support, the technical support of the ERP program provider together with the project team expertise, training and qualification processes of the team in the system operation are significantly correlated and relevant factors for a successful implementation of the project. <![CDATA[DESIGN SCIENCE RESEARCH IN BRAZIL ACCORDING TO INFORMATION MANAGEMENT PUBLISHING]]> Este artigo realiza uma revisão da literatura das pesquisas publicadas pela academia brasileira de administração da informação com o objetivo de analisar o quanto se aplica e como se pratica os princípios da pesquisa design science (DS). A amostra da pesquisa foi extraída de 257 artigos publicados por esta área, nos anais do EnANPAD, no período 2008-2012. Observou-se o interesse manifesto dos pesquisadores pela DS, considerando que há publicações referentes ao desenvolvimento de novos artefatos. Estas pesquisas, porém, não observaram aspectos centrais da DS, como: associação do artefato a problemas do ambiente de negócios e evidenciação da utilidade do artefato por meio de testes com variáveis associadas ao problema.<hr/>This paper performs a literature review of research papers published by the Brazilian Academy of Information Management, with the purpose of analyzing how much the main design science (DS) research principles are applied and how they are put in practice. The research sample was extracted from 257 papers published in this area of study, from the annals of the EnANPAD, between 2008 and 2012. The expressed interest of the researchers in DS was noticed, taking into account the fact that there are research papers published related to the development of new artifacts. Such papers, however, did not address central aspects of DS, such as the association of an artifact with problems in the business environment, substantiating the use of an artifact by means of tests with variables associated with the problem.