Scielo RSS <![CDATA[BAR - Brazilian Administration Review]]> http://www.scielo.br/rss.php?pid=1807-769220150004&lang=pt vol. 12 num. 4 lang. pt <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> http://www.scielo.br/img/en/fbpelogp.gif http://www.scielo.br <![CDATA[Reflections on Theoretical Contribution]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1807-76922015000400001&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt <![CDATA[The Organizational Change Process: Its Influence on Competences Learned on the Job]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1807-76922015000400002&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt This study was developed in a Brazilian court that was subjected to the introduction of e-process, and bears the following objectives: (a) describe the context of changes in terms of planning and perceived risk degree; (b) describe the results perceived after the introduction of the e-process; (c) describe the support to learning and the competences learned during the e-process implementation; (d) identify the links between variables of changing context, support to learning and the competences learned during the introduction of the e-process at the Higher Justice Court. 219 civil servants participated in the study, which used scales of changing context, results of the change of competences and support to learning. Scales were subjected to exploratory factor analysis with robust statistical indexes and three multiple regressions to test the associations between variables. Results pointed out that characteristics of the change process and support to learning affect learned competences. <![CDATA[How Can We Define Mastery? Reflections on Learning, Embodiment and Professional Identity]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1807-76922015000400003&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt In this article we reflect upon the knowledge production process through the body in the social-material arrangement of craft. Resorting to the embodiment paradigm, we aim to theoretically understand how someone reaches the mastery that characterizes the domain of craft skill. In analogy with craft practices, we analyze how knowledge that relies under practical performances such as skill are built and kept through the bodily relation with the making of things in the immediate contact with the world. At the end, we conclude that such reflections about mastery may be useful to investigations on professional identity. <![CDATA[Organizing for Ambidexterity: A Paradox-based Typology of Ambidexterity-related Organizational States]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1807-76922015000400004&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt This paper addresses the question of how organizations become ambidextrous over time, identifying requirements for organizations to become ambidextrous, understanding how ambidexterity may emerge as an organizational property, as well as exploring likely connections of the ambidexterity property and organizing a firm's activities and work. Conceptualizing the exploration-exploitation relationship as a paradoxical one, we advance two necessary conditions for organizing for ambidexterity: fostering paradox-coping tactics and precluding paradox-related traps. The interplay of these two conditions gives rise to a typology of four ambidexterity-related organizational states: ambidexterity-lacking organizations, monolithic organizations, short-term ambidextrous organizations and long-term ambidextrous organizations. The paper identifies each state's distinct strengths and challenges concerning organizing for ambidexterity, and discusses theoretical, practical and policy-making implications. <![CDATA[Effects of Path Dependence on Capabilities in Captive Global Value Chains]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1807-76922015000400005&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Global Value Chains (GVC) and their participants are dynamic. Events can provoke distinct strategic responses from different firms, even when they are part of a GVC. We investigated how both organizational and supply-chain path dependence can influence the capabilities that a firm needs to achieve a higher value-added position in a GVC. We have integrated three branches of theory, covering Global Value Chains, Organizational Capabilities, and Path dependence. We conducted a case study of a large Brazilian shoe firm, analyzing its relationships with buyers in GVCs. We found that path-dependent elements had locked-in the firm, preventing ascension to higher added value positions and keeping the organization in captive global value chain, even when it moved into new markets. Additionally, we propose a theoretical model that should prove fruitful in future research in other sectors and countries. <![CDATA[Diasporic and Transnational Internationalization: The Case of Brazilian Martial Arts]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1807-76922015000400006&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Brazilian diasporas overseas has received little academic interest. Nevertheless, estimates suggest that around three million Brazilians currently live in other countries. The present study looks at a specific type of diaspora: small entrepreneurs from the Brazilian martial arts sector. The study adopts the case study method of research. The unit of analysis is comprised by the martial arts (capoeira and Brazilian jiu-jitsu). Data analysis used secondary and primary data from interviews. Cross-case analysis searched for similarities and differences in the internationalization processes of the two martial arts, using several analytical devices, such as chronologies, timelines, matrices, and pattern matching analysis. Evidences suggest that the concept of diasporic internationalization fits better capoeira than Brazilian jiu-jitsu. However, Brazilian jiu-jitsu shows an initial combination of diasporic and transnational characteristics, but more recently became fully transnational. Brazilian jiu-jitsu became a truly global business, formally organized and professionally managed. Capoeira, however, is still seen as non-commercial and as the preservation and practice of an ancient art. Such ethos, combined with the origin of its members in lower economic classes and their restricted access to capital turns internationalization into an often less profitable activity. <![CDATA[The Relationship between Manufacturer and Distributors: Knowledge Transfer and Performance]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1807-76922015000400007&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Abstract This study explored the relationship between knowledge transfer from manufacturer to distributor. The research question is related to knowledge transfer from the manufacturer to distributor and potential improvement in the performance of the last. This issue is important for companies that are expanding their markets. A survey was conducted in business units that belong to the transport equipment sector. The study's sample comprised 199 companies. Measuring instrument followed a rigorous sequence of methodological procedures. Measurements were validated by confirmatory factor analysis, and hypotheses were tested using structural equation modeling. Results suggested positive effects of the manufacturer's performance monitoring and knowledge transfer on the distributor's performance. By having formal and informal mechanisms to follow distributor activities, it is possible to identify operational activities performed by the manufacturer that might improve distributor performance.