Scielo RSS <![CDATA[REMHU: Revista Interdisciplinar da Mobilidade Humana ]]> http://www.scielo.br/rss.php?pid=1980-858520180001&lang=en vol. 26 num. 52 lang. en <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> http://www.scielo.br/img/en/fbpelogp.gif http://www.scielo.br <![CDATA[Direito à cidade de migrantes e refugiados]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1980-85852018000100007&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en <![CDATA[Refuge city: a declination of hospitality, between solidarity and autonomy]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1980-85852018000100011&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Riassunto La relazione tra migrazione e città - lo spazio urbano e i suoi abitanti - è in continua evoluzione, ed è condizionata da fattori storici, geografici e politici sempre particolari. Nel corso degli ultimi decenni, tuttavia, in ragione di un accesso differenziale alla mobilità umana, opposto a una sempre maggiore rivendicazione di questa mobilità per ragioni diverse, l'idea stessa di “straniero” e di “migrante” sono andate modificandosi. Di fronte al ripiegamento identitario di ordine immunitario e fondato su paradigmi di nazionalità e cittadinanza, si configurano progressivamente soluzioni ed immaginari di coabitazione e interazione, in particolare a livello locale con la nozione di Città-rifugio, impostati secondo logiche di autonomia e di solidarietà.<hr/>Abstract The relation between migration and the city - the urban space and his population - is constantly evolving, and is conditioned by specific political, geographical and historical factors. Nevertheless, over the last decades, due to the differential access to human mobility and in contrast with an increasing demand for this mobility for different reasons, the idea of foreigner, of migrant, has been changing. Faced with an identity “immunitarian” withdrawal, based on the paradigms of nationality and citizenship, different solutions of cohabitation and interaction have been progressively configured. In particular, in the local scape the notion of City of Refuge is oriented around solidarity and autonomy. <![CDATA[The construction of a political subject. Migrants and struggle for housing in Buenos Aires]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1980-85852018000100037&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Resumen Este artículo se propone contribuir con los debates contemporáneos sobre las dimensiones políticas de las migraciones y sus expresiones en contextos urbanos. Se basa en los hallazgos de una investigación que analizó la participación de migrantes peruanos que viven en villas y asentamientos en la movilización política por vivienda que se ha venido desenvolviendo en la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires durante la última década. A través del estudio de las experiencias migratorias, habitacionales y políticas de un conjunto de migrantes, el trabajo explora este proceso de construcción de subjetividad política.<hr/>Abstract This paper seeks to make a contribution to current debates on the political dimensions of migrations and their expressions in urban contexts. It draws from the findings of a research on the participation of Peruvian migrants that live in slums in the political mobilization for housing that has been taking place in the city of Buenos Aires during the past decade. Through the analysis of the migratory, housing and political experiences of a group of migrants, the paper explores this process of political subjectivity construction. <![CDATA[Despite Citizenship. Migrant autonomies and right to the city. The EX MOI squat in Turin]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1980-85852018000100055&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Riassunto L’articolo esplora le condizioni in cui i migranti subalterni soggetti quotidianamente alle tecnologie e politiche securitarie sviluppano creano spazi e reti sociali per sostenere e rendere autonoma la loro mobilità. La ricerca etnografica condotta negli edifici dell’Ex Moi a Torino - occupato dal 2013 da parte di alcune centinaia di migranti - permette di interrogarsi sull’insieme di azioni che rendono possibile le condizioni della loro presenza locale al di fuori delle dinamiche assistenzialiste ed emergenziali del sistema di accoglienza. L’espressione “despite citizenship” si riferisce all’occupazione come un supporto infrastrutturale - sia materiale che immateriale - che permette il dispiegamento materiale di processi relazionali con la città e il perseguimento di un insieme di diritti che, pur sganciati dal perseguimento della cittadinanza formale, sono rivolti alla residenza, al lavoro e alle reti di informazioni e sostegno altrimenti negati.<hr/>Abstract This article explores how subaltern migrants who are subject to daily securitarian technologies and policies produce social spaces and plots in order to make their mobility autonomous. The ethnographic research conducted in the Ex Moi buildings in Turin - occupied since 2003 by several hundred migrants - examines the set of actions that support their local presence outside of the humanitarian and emergency system. Despite citizenship studies the Ex Moi Squat as an infrastructural support - both material and immaterial - that allows the material deployment of relational processes with and within the city and the pursuit of a set of rights which, although detached from citizenship, are finalized to ensure residence, work, information and support otherwise denied. <![CDATA[Haitian and Bolivian migrants in the city of São Paulo: economic transformations and migrant territorialities]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1980-85852018000100075&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Resumo Nos últimos anos, transformações na divisão internacional do trabalho têm promovido repercussões na dinâmica das migrações internacionais, como a emergência das migrações Sul Sul. Neste sentido, a cidade de São Paulo tem se consolidado como destino para muitos novos imigrantes internacionais e solicitantes de refúgio. Este artigo tem por objetivo analisar a inserção social de imigrantes haitianos e bolivianos em São Paulo. A metodologia contempla revisão teórica sobre migrações contemporâneas e território, bem como trabalho de campo de natureza qualitativa nos espaços sociais da capital paulista com maior presença de trabalhadores imigrantes destas nacionalidades.<hr/>Abstract In recent years, changes in the international division of labor have caused repercussions on the dynamics of international migration, such as the emergence of South South migrations. In this sense, the city of São Paulo has become a destination for many new international immigrants and asylum seekers. This article aims to analyze the social insertion of Haitian and Bolivian immigrants in São Paulo. The methodology contemplates theoretical revision on contemporary migrations and territory, as well as field work of a qualitative nature in the social spaces of the city of São Paulo with a greater presence of immigrant workers of these nationalities. <![CDATA[“You have to look beautiful to sell”: the Senegalese production of trade spaces in Santa Maria (Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil)]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1980-85852018000100095&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Resumo Este artigo trata da venda de rua senegalesa na cidade de Santa Maria (Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil), procurando responder à seguinte questão: “como a produção de espaços de venda pelos senegaleses de Santa Maria contribui para a sua inserção no comércio de rua da cidade?”. Por meio de uma etnografia desenvolvida entre 2016 e 2017, propomos que a produção de espaços de venda por esses imigrantes constitui de uma prática cotidiana que os representa positivamente nas interações com a clientela e os diferencia etnicamente de outros vendedores de rua que ocupam o mesmo espaço social.<hr/>Abstract This paper deals with the Senegalese street sales in the city of Santa Maria (Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil), seeking to answer the following question: “how does the production of sale spaces by the Senegalese people, in Santa Maria, contributes to their insertion in the city’s street commerce?” Through an ethnography developed between 2016 and 2017, we propose that the production of sales spaces by these immigrants constitutes a daily practice that positively represents them in the interactions with the clientele and ethnically differentiates them from other street vendors who occupy the same social space. <![CDATA[A Muslim arrival infrastructure in Rio de Janeiro]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1980-85852018000100111&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Resumo Nos últimos dez anos, uma dahira, coletivo religioso de migrantes senegaleses, surgiu e se desenvolveu no Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Acompanhei seu singular processo de institucionalização e a maneira como ela chegou a fazer parte das redes internacionais dessa confraria religiosa. Neste artigo, discuto como a dahira se tornou uma infraestrutura de chegada no contexto específico do Rio de Janeiro e comparo as iniciativas do coletivo da dahira com outras estruturas senegalesas, evidenciando a complexidade das relações sócio-materiais entre os senegaleses.<hr/>Abstract For ten years, a dahira, a religious group of Senegalese migrants in the State of Rio de Janeiro has grown. I accompanied the unique process of how this Murid dahira was institutionalised and became part of the international network of the brotherhood. I discuss how the dahira became an arrival infrastructure in the specific context of Rio de Janeiro and I compare its initiatives with parallel Senegalese structures. This shows the complexity of the socio-material relations among the Senegalese. <![CDATA[If ships sink, I don´t. The Afro-Colombian People: from deterritorialization to Afrourban territories]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1980-85852018000100131&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Resumen Este artículo ofrece una aproximación general sobre los derechos territoriales de la población afrocolombiana que se ha visto obligada a migrar de los contextos rurales hacia las ciudades y las grandes concentraciones urbanas. Dicho fenómeno se aborda partiendo de las diversas nociones del territorio y los principales factores explicativos de la desterritorialización de afrodescendientes en el país, reconociendo las diferentes oleadas migratorias y el impacto del desplazamiento forzado de afrocolombianos principalmente de la región Pacífica hacia las ciudades, lo que permite entender las dinámicas de apropiación de estas comunidades en los contextos urbanos. Para este propósito se hará una lectura desde enfoques sociojurídicos que evidencian las luchas por la inclusión y las reivindicaciones que dan origen a los territorios afrourbanos como figura que garantiza la permanencia territorial no delimitada en razón de la propiedad, sino como escenarios para la construcción dialéctica de las ciudades que promueve la pervivencia étnica, política, económica, social y cultural de las comunidades afrodescendientes que se apropian permanentemente de ellas.<hr/>Abstract This article outlines a general approach on the territorial rights of the Afro-Colombian population that has been forced to migrate from rural territories to cities and large urban concentrations. This phenomenon is addressed based on the different notions of territory and the main explanatory factors of the deterritorialization of Afro-descendants in Colombia, recognizing the different migratory waves and the impact of the forced displacement of Afro-Colombians mainly from the Pacific region of the country to the cities, which allows to understand the dynamics of appropriation of these communities in urban contexts. For this purpose, an explanation will be made from a social and juridical approach that describes the struggles and claims for inclusion which creates the Afro-Urban territories as a figure that guarantees territorial permanence not delimited by property, but as scenarios for the dialectical construction of the cities that promote the ethnic, political, economic, social and cultural survival of Afro-descendant communities that constantly appropriate them. <![CDATA[Governing migration and urban diversity in Mexico City. A critical reflection starting from the Ley de Interculturalidad]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1980-85852018000100149&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Resumen En la última década el gobierno de la Ciudad de México ha ido construyendo una imagen de ciudad hospitalaria e intercultural con respeto a la presencia de minorías indígenas, comunidades de distinto origen nacional, migrantes y sus familias. Este proceso ha culminado en la promulgación, en 2012, de la “Ley de interculturalidad, asistencia a migrantes y movilidad humana del Distrito Federal”. El artículo se enfoca en el análisis del discurso alrededor de la Ley, su programa y el proceso de implementación de las políticas locales de migración, restituyendo parte de la investigación cualitativa desarrollada en 2016 en la Ciudad de México a través del análisis de documentos oficiales, entrevistas a actores claves, la observación en procesos participativos y eventos así como la observación participante en un albergue para migrantes en la ciudad.<hr/>Abstract In the last decade the government of Mexico City has been promoting an image of welcoming and intercultural city relatively to the presence of indigenous minorities, national communities, migrants and their family. This process has brought to the publication of the “Ley de interculturalidad, asistencia a migrantes y movilidad humana del Distrito Federal” in 2012. This article focuses in the analysis of the discourse about the Law, its program and process of implementation of local migrant and diversity policies, drawing from a qualitative research undertaken in 2016 in Mexico City. The research included the analysis of official documents, interviews with keynote speakers, observation in participatory events as well as participant observation in a shelter for migrants in the city. <![CDATA[A bus as a public space. Multiculturalism and Urban Ethnography in Milan]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1980-85852018000100167&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Riassunto Il contributo presenta gli esiti di un‘attività didattica e di ricerca sul campo condotta presso il Politecnico di Milano a ridosso di un tema chiave: il ruolo degli spazi pubblici urbani come supporto per la negoziazione delle differenze e nell’ingaggiare diversi individui e popolazioni in situazioni di confronto e coesistenza. Un’esplorazione di tipo etnografico ha messo sotto osservazione un mezzo di trasporto pubblico quale spazio pubblico “compresso”. Il filobus 90/91 a Milano è stato assunto quale terreno di osservazione privilegiato sui rapidi processi di cambiamento sociale e demografico che hanno investito Milano negli ultimi anni entro una prospettiva di ricerca sulla dimensione quotidiana del multiculturalismo.<hr/>Abstract The paper draws on a research and teaching project carried out with an international class of students in Urban Ethnography in the MSC in Urban Planning and Policy at Politecnico di Milano (Italy). A particular focus of the project was on exploring the role played by public spaces in supporting the coexistence of a multitude of strangers in the city through the continuous negotiation of diversity and difference. In the field work, spatial and social dynamics occurring in a particular and ‘compressed’ public space - the 90-91 trolley-bus circle-line in Milan - are explored and discussed as a space of confrontation in a perspective of daily multiculturalism. <![CDATA[After the settlement patterns: interrogating the spatial distribution maps of regional migrants in the Gran Buenos Aires Agglomeration]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1980-85852018000100189&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Resumen En el marco de la pregunta por las dinámicas que atraviesan el asentamiento de los migrantes en el espacio urbano, el artículo se propone analizar la distribución espacial de los migrantes de Bolivia, Paraguay y Perú en la Aglomeración Gran Buenos Aires, indagando en las características sociohabitacionales de los entornos, y el entramado de factores que han condicionado las formas de acceso a la ciudad para estos colectivos.<hr/>Abstract In order to contribute to the academical concern about the settlement dynamics of migrants in the urban space, the article aims to analyse the spatial distribution of migrants from Bolivia, Paraguay and Peru in the Gran Buenos Aires Agglomeration, enquiring about the housing characteristics of the environments, and the network of factors that have conditioned the access to the city for these groups. <![CDATA[Welcoming families with disabled children in migratory contexts. Perspectives of integration in Bologna]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1980-85852018000100209&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Riassunto Il numero crescente di famiglie migranti con minori disabili invita a riflettere sul tema dell’accoglienza e delle politiche sociali. Come evidenziato dalla ricerca “Alunni con disabilità, figli di migranti” condotta a Bologna, risulta necessario che i servizi alla persona e le istituzioni scolastiche - Enti che collaborano nella presa in carico del minore disabile - rinnovino le pratiche di accoglienza e di accompagnamento delle famiglie e dei minori disabili per rispondere in maniera adeguata ai bisogni emergenti. Considerato il numero esiguo di studi sul tema e la mancanza di linee guida ministeriali per definire interventi incentrati sulla “doppia diversità”, le criticità e le buone prassi individuate dalla ricerca assumono un valore paradigmatico e forniscono utili indicazioni estendibili anche ad altri contesti.<hr/>Abstract The increasing number of migrant families with disabled children invites to think about welcoming practices and social policies. As the research “Alunni con disabilità, figli di migranti” carried out in Bologna emphasizes, it is necessary that health services and school system renew welcoming practices to answer the rising needs of migrant families with disabled children. Difficulties and good inclusive practices underlined in the research assume a paradigmatic value and provide useful directions even for other places, considering that there is not a huge number of studies about disability in migratory contexts and that there are no Ministerial guidelines to define proper actions based on “double diversity”. <![CDATA[Brazilians´ perceptions regarding the cultural adaptation process in Japan.]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1980-85852018000100223&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Resumo Esta pesquisa objetivou investigar as formas de aculturação dos brasileiros ao Japão e as variáveis que auxiliam na compreensão da adaptação cultural. Foram realizadas entrevistas com 15 imigrantes brasileiros residentes no Japão. Os resultados indicaram uma separação social entre brasileiros e japoneses e apontaram para a importância do suporte social e do engajamento na cultura japonesa na adaptação ao país. Concluiu-se com as contribuições teóricas, metodológicas e práticas deste estudo e com a apresentação das limitações e sugestões para pesquisas futuras.<hr/>Abstract This research aimed to investigate the forms of acculturation of Brazilians to Japan and the variables that help to understand the cultural adaptation. Interviews were conducted with 15 Brazilian immigrants living in Japan. Results indicated a social separation between Brazilians and Japanese and pointed to the importance of social support and engagement in Japanese culture in adapting to the country. It was concluded with the theoretical, methodological and practical contributions of this study and with the presentation of limitations and suggestions for future research. <![CDATA[Confronting the dominant discourse: remittances in the light of the Mexican experience]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1980-85852018000100243&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Resumen El discurso dominante acerca de las remesas como palanca de desarrollo para los países de origen de los migrantes ha resurgido con renovado ímpetu en la agenda internacional, particularmente en el marco del Pacto Global para una Migración Segura, Ordenada y Regular impulsado por la ONU. A partir de datos duros referentes a la experiencia mexicana, nos proponemos contribuir a una necesaria desmitificación del fenómeno, poniendo de relieve que, por encima de sus aportes a la estabilidad macroeconómica y social del país, las remesas se inscriben en una dinámica de intercambio desigual que esencialmente opera a favor del país receptor de migrantes.<hr/>Abstract The dominant discourse on remittances as a lever of development for migrant’s countries of origin has arisen with renewed impetus in the international agenda, particularly within the framework of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration propelled by the UN. Based on hard data from the Mexican experience, our propose is to contribute to a necessary demystification of the phenomenon, highlighting that, in addition to its contributions to the country's macroeconomic and social stability, remittances are part of a complex dynamic of unequal exchange which essentially operates in favor of the recipient country. <![CDATA[Mediation strategies in the integration process between immigrants and local church. Experience of youth intercultural pastoral service in Germany]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1980-85852018000100265&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Resumen El discurso dominante acerca de las remesas como palanca de desarrollo para los países de origen de los migrantes ha resurgido con renovado ímpetu en la agenda internacional, particularmente en el marco del Pacto Global para una Migración Segura, Ordenada y Regular impulsado por la ONU. A partir de datos duros referentes a la experiencia mexicana, nos proponemos contribuir a una necesaria desmitificación del fenómeno, poniendo de relieve que, por encima de sus aportes a la estabilidad macroeconómica y social del país, las remesas se inscriben en una dinámica de intercambio desigual que esencialmente opera a favor del país receptor de migrantes.<hr/>Abstract The dominant discourse on remittances as a lever of development for migrant’s countries of origin has arisen with renewed impetus in the international agenda, particularly within the framework of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration propelled by the UN. Based on hard data from the Mexican experience, our propose is to contribute to a necessary demystification of the phenomenon, highlighting that, in addition to its contributions to the country's macroeconomic and social stability, remittances are part of a complex dynamic of unequal exchange which essentially operates in favor of the recipient country. <![CDATA[Brazilians in the United States - Half a Century (re)making America (1960-2010)]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1980-85852018000100273&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Resumen El discurso dominante acerca de las remesas como palanca de desarrollo para los países de origen de los migrantes ha resurgido con renovado ímpetu en la agenda internacional, particularmente en el marco del Pacto Global para una Migración Segura, Ordenada y Regular impulsado por la ONU. A partir de datos duros referentes a la experiencia mexicana, nos proponemos contribuir a una necesaria desmitificación del fenómeno, poniendo de relieve que, por encima de sus aportes a la estabilidad macroeconómica y social del país, las remesas se inscriben en una dinámica de intercambio desigual que esencialmente opera a favor del país receptor de migrantes.<hr/>Abstract The dominant discourse on remittances as a lever of development for migrant’s countries of origin has arisen with renewed impetus in the international agenda, particularly within the framework of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration propelled by the UN. Based on hard data from the Mexican experience, our propose is to contribute to a necessary demystification of the phenomenon, highlighting that, in addition to its contributions to the country's macroeconomic and social stability, remittances are part of a complex dynamic of unequal exchange which essentially operates in favor of the recipient country. <![CDATA[Errata]]> http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1980-85852018000100276&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Resumen El discurso dominante acerca de las remesas como palanca de desarrollo para los países de origen de los migrantes ha resurgido con renovado ímpetu en la agenda internacional, particularmente en el marco del Pacto Global para una Migración Segura, Ordenada y Regular impulsado por la ONU. A partir de datos duros referentes a la experiencia mexicana, nos proponemos contribuir a una necesaria desmitificación del fenómeno, poniendo de relieve que, por encima de sus aportes a la estabilidad macroeconómica y social del país, las remesas se inscriben en una dinámica de intercambio desigual que esencialmente opera a favor del país receptor de migrantes.<hr/>Abstract The dominant discourse on remittances as a lever of development for migrant’s countries of origin has arisen with renewed impetus in the international agenda, particularly within the framework of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration propelled by the UN. Based on hard data from the Mexican experience, our propose is to contribute to a necessary demystification of the phenomenon, highlighting that, in addition to its contributions to the country's macroeconomic and social stability, remittances are part of a complex dynamic of unequal exchange which essentially operates in favor of the recipient country.