SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.56 issue16 author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia

Print version ISSN 0031-1049On-line version ISSN 1807-0205

Pap. Avulsos Zool. vol.56 no.16 São Paulo  2016

http://dx.doi.org/10.11606/0031-1049.2016.56.16 

Articles

Nomenclatural acts for some Neotropical Tachinidae (Diptera)

Silvio S. Nihei1  2

Rodrigo de V.P. Dios1  3

1Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Biociências, Departamento de Zoologia. Rua do Matão, Travessa 14, nº 101, Butantã, CEP 05508-090, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

ABSTRACT

New replacement names and synonymies are proposed for Neotropical Tachinidae, mainly from Brazil. The following 13 new replacement names are proposed for junior secondary homonyms: Jurinella neobesa, new name for Jurinella obesa (Townsend, 1928) (preocc. Wiedemann, 1830); Archytas wulpianus, new name for Archytas nigrocalyptratus (Wulp, 1888) (preocc. Macquart, 1846); Calodexia neofumosa, new name for Calodexia fumosa (Townsend, 1917) (preocc. Townsend, 1912); Calodexia bigoti, new name for Calodexia flavipes (Bigot, 1889) (preocc. Schiner, 1868); Eucelatoria paracarinata, new name for Eucelatoria carinata (Townsend, 1927) (preocc. Townsend, 1919); Eucelatoria currani, new name for Eucelatoria carinata (Curran, 1926) (preocc. Townsend, 1919); Lixophaga opsiangusta, new name for Lixophaga angusta (Townsend, 1927:294) (preocc. Townsend, 1927:284); Lixophaga thompsoniana, new name for Lixophaga fumipennis (Thompson, 1968) (preocc. Townsend, 1927); Lixophaga townsendiana, new name for Lixophaga fumipennis (Townsend, 1928) (preocc. Townsend, 1927); Myiopharus argentata, new name for Myiopharus argentescens (Townsend, 1935) (preocc. Townsend, 1927); Phyllophilopsis disgracilis, new name for Phyllophilopsis gracilis (Townsend, 1927) (preocc. Townsend, 1919); Phasia townsendiana, new name for Phasia brasiliana (Townsend, 1937) (preocc. Townsend, 1929); and Phasia aurodysderci, new name for Phasia dysderci (Townsend, 1940) (preocc. Townsend, 1938). And the two following synonymies are proposed (reinstated): Jurinella ambigua (Macquart, 1851) = Jurinella obesa (Wiedemann, 1830); and Archytas analis (Macquart, 1843) = Archytas analis (Fabricius, 1905).

Key-Words: New names; Synonymy; Tachinidae; Neotropical

RESUMO

Novos nomes e sinonímias são propostos para Tachinidae da Região Neotropical, principalmente do Brasil. Os seguintes nomes (13) são propostos para homônimos secundários juniores: Jurinella neobesa, novo nome para Jurinella obesa (Townsend, 1928) (preocc. Wiedemann, 1830); Archytas wulpianus, novo nome para Archytas nigrocalyptratus (Wulp, 1888) (preocc. Macquart, 1846); Calodexia neofumosa, novo nome para Calodexia fumosa (Townsend, 1917) (preocc. Townsend, 1912); Calodexia bigoti, novo nome para Calodexia flavipes (Bigot, 1889) (preocc. Schiner, 1868); Eucelatoria paracarinata, novo nome para Eucelatoria carinata (Townsend, 1927) (preocc. Townsend, 1919); Eucelatoria currani, novo nome para Eucelatoria carinata (Curran, 1926) (preocc. Townsend, 1919); Lixophaga opsiangusta, novo nome para Lixophaga angusta (Townsend, 1927:294) (preocc. Townsend, 1927:284); Lixophaga thompsoniana, novo nome para Lixophaga fumipennis (Thompson, 1968) (preocc. Townsend, 1927); Lixophaga townsendiana, novo nome para Lixophaga fumipennis (Townsend, 1928) (preocc. Townsend, 1927); Myiopharus argentata, novo nome para Myiopharus argentescens (Townsend, 1935) (preocc. Townsend, 1927); Phyllophilopsis disgracilis, novo nome para Phyllophilopsis gracilis (Townsend, 1927) (preocc. Townsend, 1919); Phasia townsendiana, novo nome para Phasia brasiliana (Townsend, 1937) (preocc. Townsend, 1929); e Phasia aurodysderci, novo nome para Phasia dysderci (Townsend, 1940) (preocc. Townsend, 1938). E duas sinonímias são propostas (restauradas): Archytas analis (Macquart, 1843) = Archytas analis (Fabricius, 1905), e Jurinella ambigua (Macquart, 1851) = Jurinella obesa (Wiedemann, 1830).

Palavras-Chave: Novos nomes; Sinonímia; Tachinidae; Neotropical

INTRODUCTION

While preparing the Catalogue of Tachinidae of Brazil (Nihei et al., 2015), we found several junior homonyms within the Neotropical tachinids, mainly from Brazil. In order to promote nomenclatural stability, and eliminating thus ambiguous names, we are proposing new replacement names for 13 species in the present contribution, and two synonymies are reinstated, namely: Archytas analis (Macquart, 1843) = Archytas analis (Fabricius, 1905); and Jurinella obesa (Wiedemann, 1830) = Jurinella ambigua (Macquart, 1851).

The following acronyms were used for the repository museums cited in the text: AMNH, American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA; BMNH, Natural History Museum, London, UK; CNC, Canadian National Collection of Insects, Ottawa, Canada; NHMJ, Natural History Museum, Kingston, Jamaica; NHMW, Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Austria; USNM, National Museum of Natural History, Washington DC, USA; and ZMUC, Zoological Museum, Copenhagen, Denmark.

RESULTS

Homonymies

TACHININI

1. Archytas nigrocalyptratus (Wulp, 1888:33) (Echinomyia). Holotype male (BMNH). Type locality: Mexico, Medellin, near Vera Cruz. Preocc. by Archytas nigrocalyptratus (Macquart, 1846:273) (1846:145) (Jurinia). Type locality: Brazil, Minas Gerais.

Notes: (Guimarães, 1971:51) first recognized this homonymy and noted: “This species is a secondary homonym of the preceding; as both are unrecognized I prefer not to rename it at present”.

Nomen novum: Archytas wulpianus, new name for Archytas nigrocalyptratus (Wulp).

2. Jurinella obesa (Townsend, 1928:153) (Parajurinia). Holotype male (USNM). Type locality: Brazil, Espírito Santo. Preocc. by Jurinella obesa (Wiedemann, 1830:282) (Tachina). Syntypes male/female (NHMW, ZMUC). Type locality: “Brazil”.

Notes: When (Woodley, 2007) synonymized ParajuriniaTownsend, 1928 with Jurinella Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1889, this brought the new combination, Jurinella obesa (Townsend, 1928) (type species of Parajurinia), which became a junior secondary homonym of Jurinella obesa (Wiedemann, 1830).

Nomen novum: Jurinella neobesa, new name for Jurinella obesa (Townsend).

BLONDELIINI

3. Calodexia fumosa (Townsend, 1917:227) (Ommaleskia). Holotype male (AMNH). Type locality: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro. Preocc. by Calodexia fumosa (Townsend, 1912) (Oestrogaster). Holotype female (USNM). Type locality: Peru, Cajamarca, Jaen, Charape River.

Notes: Ommaleskia fumosaTownsend, 1917 and Oestrogaster fumosa Townsend, 1912 are types species of their respective original genera, and became secondary homonyms since the synonymy between Ommaleskia and Oestrogaster with Calodexia were proposed by (Wood, 1985:25).

Nomen novum: Calodexia neofumosa, new name for Calodexia fumosa (Townsend, 1917).

4. Calodexia flavipes (Bigot, 1889:268) (Homodexia). Holotype female (BMNH). Type locality: “Mexico” Preocc. by Calodexia flavipes (Schiner, 1868:326) (Meigenia). Holotype male (NHMW). Type locality: “Brazil”.

Notes: Homodexia flavipes Bigot was used as type species of EucalodexiaTownsend, 1908, but this genus was synonymized with CalodexiaWulp, 1891 by (Wood, 1985:25). Since then, it is a secondary homonym of Calodexia flavipes (Schiner).

Nomen novum: Calodexia bigoti, new name for Calodexia flavipes (Bigot).

5. Eucelatoria carinata (Townsend, 1927:359) (Tachinophytopsis). Holotype female (USNM). Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Tremembé. Preocc. Townsend, 1919. Preocc. by Eucelatoria carinata (Townsend, 1919:578) (Machairomasicera). Holotype female (USNM). Type locality: Ecuador, Manchi.

Notes: These three names (see the next case) became secondary homonyms in Eucelatoria after the generic synonymies and new combinations proposed by (Wood, 1985:40).

Nomen novum: Eucelatoria paracarinata, new name for Eucelatoria carinata (Townsend, 1927).

6. Eucelatoria carinata (Curran, 1926:108) (Lixinia). Holotype male (NHMJ). Type locality: Jamaica, Hope Gardens. Preocc. Townsend, 1919. Preocc. by Eucelatoria carinata (Townsend, 1919:578) (Machairomasicera). Holotype female (USNM). Type locality: Ecuador, Manchi.

Notes: These three names (see the previous case) became secondary homonyms in Eucelatoria after the generic synonymies and new combinations proposed by (Wood, 1985:40).

Nomen novum: Eucelatoria currani, new name for Eucelatoria carinata (Curran).

7. Lixophaga angusta (Townsend, 1927:294) (Cataphorinia). Holotype male (USNM). Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Itaquaquecetuba. Preocc. by Lixophaga angusta (Townsend, 1927:284) (Actinotachina). Holotype female (USNM). Type locality: Peru, Yahuarmayo.

Nomen novum: Lixophaga opsiangusta, new name for Lixophaga angusta (Townsend, 1927:294).

8. Lixophaga fumipennis (Thompson, 1968:134) (Cataphoriniopsis). Holotype female (CNC). Type locality: Trinidad, “Simla”. Preocc. by. Lixophaga fumipennis (Townsend, 1927:345) (Paraprospherysa). Holotype female (USNM). Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Cantareira.

Nomen novum: Lixophaga thompsoniana, new name for Lixophaga fumipennis (Thompson).

9. Lixophaga fumipennis (Townsend, 1928:147) (Euprospherysa). Holotype male (USNM). Type locality: Peru, Las Flores, Mayo River. Preocc. by Lixophaga fumipennis (Townsend, 1927:345) (Paraprospherysa). Holotype female (USNM). Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Cantareira.

Nomen novum: Lixophaga townsendiana, new name for Lixophaga fumipennis (Townsend, 1928).

10. Myiopharus argentescens (Townsend, 1935:226) (Anoxynopsella). Holotype female (USNM). Type locality: Brazil, Pernambuco, Tapera. Preocc. by Myiopharus argentescens (Townsend, 1927:332) (Neoargyrophylax). Holotype male (USNM). Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Itaquaquecetuba.

Nomen novum: Myiopharus argentata, new name for Myiopharus argentescens (Townsend, 1935).

11. Phyllophilopsis gracilis (Townsend, 1927:365) (Xanthophyllophila). Holotype male (USNM). Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Itaquaquecetuba. Preocc. by Phyllophilopsis gracilis (Townsend, 1919:565) (Microchaetona). Holotype male (USNM). Type locality: Peru, Inambari River, Yahuarmayo.

Nomen novum: Phyllophilopsis disgracilis, new name for Phyllophilopsis gracilis (Townsend, 1927).

PHASIINI

12. Phasia brasiliana (Townsend, 1937:317) (Paraphorantha). Holotype female (USNM). Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Campinas. Preocc. by Phasia brasiliana (Townsend, 1929:370) (Alophorella). Holotype male (USNM). Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Itaquaquecetuba.

Notes: (Herting, 1984) synonymized AlophorellaTownsend, 1912 with Phasia Latreille, 1804; later (O’Hara & Wood, 1998) synonymized Paraphorantha Townsend, 1915 with Phasia, but left the homonymy between Phasia brasiliana (Townsend, 1937) and Phasia brasiliana (Townsend, 1929) unchanged.

Nomen novum: Phasia townsendiana, new name for Phasia brasiliana (Townsend, 1937).

13. Phasia dysderci (Townsend, 1940:889) (Paraphasiana). Syntype male (USNM). Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Campinas and Sorocaba. Preocc. by Phasia dysderci (Townsend, 1938:347) (Euphorantha). Syntypes 1 male and 1 female (USNM). Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Sorocaba.

Notes: (Guimarães, 1971) proposed the new combination Alophorella dysderci for this species originally described as Euphorantha. Later, (Sun & Marshall, 2003) synonymized several Neotropical genera under Phasia, but had left these homonyms unchanged.

Nomen novum: Phasia aurodysderci, new name for Phasia dysderci (Townsend, 1940).

Synonymies

TACHININI

1. Archytas analis (Macquart, 1843:196) (1843:39) (Jurinia). Type locality: “Brazil”. Junior synonym of Archytas analis (Fabricius, 1805:311) (Tachina). Holotype (ZMUC). Type locality: “America meridionali” [probably British Guiana, Essequibo River]. Syn. nov.

Notes: (Guimarães, 1971:48) first recognized this homonymy and noted: “This species is a secondary homonym of the preceding one; as both are unrecognized I prefer not to rename it at present”. It is curious that he had defined A. analis (Fabricius) as unrecognized, whereas several other authors, previously and posteriorly, were able to identify this taxon, even proposing new junior synonymies under this nominal species (e.g.,Austen, 1907; Ravlin & Stehr, 1984). The original description given by Fabricius is poor, but the examination of the female type, although a female, allows its unambiguous identification. Therefore, only analis Macquart can be regarded as unrecognized. In his revision of Archytas, (Guimarães, 1961:374) listed analis Macquart as synonym of analis Fabricius, which we reinstate here.

2. Jurinella ambigua (Macquart, 1851:145) (Macquart, 1851:172) (Hystricia). Type locality: Mexico, Guerrero. Junior synonym of Jurinella obesa (Wiedemann, 1830:282) (Tachina). Syntypes male/female (NHMW, ZMUC). Type locality: “Brazil”. Syn. nov.

Notes: (Townsend, 1931:159) had already proposed this synonymy, thereafter (Curran, 1947:66) put this synonymy as doubtful only because the color of abdomen is different. Then, (Guimarães, 1971) treated ambigua Macquart as valid name and obesa Wiedemann as unrecognized, even though the syntypes of the latter are available for study. Thus, we are now reinstating the synonymy between Jurinella obesa (Wiedemann, 1830) and Jurinella ambigua (Macquart, 1851).

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Financial support from FAPESP (SSN research grant, proc. n. 2015/10788-0) and CNPq (SSN fellowship, proc. n. 303615/2015-2). Thanks to Elizabeth Morrison (NHMJ) for kindly informing us about the location of the type of Lixinia carinata Curran, and to Peter Sehnal (NHMW) who kindly shared with us his unpublished catalogue of types deposited at Wien collection.

REFERENCES

AUSTEN, E.E. 1907. The synonymy and generic position of certain species of Muscidae (sens. lat.) in the collection of the British Museum, described by the late Francis Walker. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (7)19:327-347. [ Links ]

BIGOT, J.M.F. 1889. Diptères nouveaux on peu connus, 34ª partie, XLII. Diagnoses de nouvelles espèces. Annales de la Société entomologique de France, 8(6):253-270. [ Links ]

CURRAN, C.H. 1926. Appendix. New Diptera of Jamaica. Entomological Bulletin, Jamaica, 4(1-2):72-90. (GOWDEY, C.C. (Ed.). Catalogus Insectorum Jamaicensis). [ Links ]

CURRAN, C.H. 1947. New and little known American Tachinidae. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 89:45-122. [ Links ]

FABRICIUS, J.C. 1805. Systema antliatorum secundum ordines, genera, species adiectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus. Brunsvigae. 373p. [ Links ]

GUIMARÃES, J.H. 1961. Terceira contribuição ao conhecimento do gênero Archytas Jaennicke, 1867 (Diptera, Tachinidae). Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 59:355-396. [ Links ]

GUIMARÃES, J.H. 1971. 104. Family Tachinidae (Larvaevoridae). In: PAPAVERO, N. (Ed.). A catalogue of the Diptera of Americas south of the United States. São Paulo, Depto. de Zoologia, Secretaria da Agricultura. 333p. [ Links ]

MACQUART, J. 1843. Diptères exotiques nouveaux ou peu connux. Mémoires de la Societé Royale des Sciences, de l’Agriculture et des Arts de Lille, 1842:162-460. [Also printed separately as his “Dipteres exotiques noveaux ou peu connus”. v. 2, pt. 3, 5-304 Paris, Roret, 1843]. [ Links ]

MACQUART, J. 1846. Diptères exotiques nouveaux ou peu connus. [1.er] Supplément. Mémoires de la Societé Royale des Sciences, de l’Agriculture et des Arts de Lille, 1844:133-364. [Also published separately as his “Dipteres exotiques noveaux ou peu connus”. Supplément” I [part], p. 5-238. Paris, Roret, 1846]. [ Links ]

MACQUART, J. 1851. Diptères exotiques nouveaux ou peu connus. Suite du 4e supplement publié dans les memoires de 1849. Mémoires de la Societé Royale des Sciences, de l’Agriculture et des Arts de Lille, 1850:134-294. [Also published as “Dipteres exotiques noveaux ou peu connus”. Supplément IV [part], pp. 161-336. Paris, Roret, 1851]. [ Links ]

NIHEI, S.S.; DIOS, R.V.P. & SANTIS, M.D. 2015. Tachinidae. In: Catálogo Taxonômico da Fauna do Brasil. PNUD. Available on: http://fauna.jbrj.gov.br/fauna/faunadobrasil/1115. (20/Oct/2015). [ Links ]

O’HARA, J.E. & WOOD, D.M. 1998. Tachinidae (Diptera): nomenclatural review and changes, primarily for America north of Mexico. The Canadian Entomologist, 130(06):751-774. [ Links ]

RAVLIN, F.W. & STEHR, F.W. 1984. Revision of the genus Archytas (Diptera: Tachinidae) for America north of Mexico. Miscelaneous Publications of the Entomological Society of America, 58:1-59. [ Links ]

SCHINER, J.R. 1868. Diptera. In: Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859, unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Vol. 2, Part I (Section B). Wien, Karl Gerold’s Sohn. 388p. [ Links ]

SUN, X. & MARSHALL, S.A. 2003. Systematics of Phasia Latreille (Diptera: Tachinidae). Zootaxa, 276:1-320. [ Links ]

THOMPSON, W.R. 1968. The Tachinids of Trinidad. VIII. Phorocerines. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 56:1-207. [ Links ]

TOWNSEND, C.H.T. 1908. The taxonomy of the muscoidean flies, including description of new genera and species. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, 51:1-138. [ Links ]

TOWNSEND, C.H.T. 1912. Descriptions of new genera and species of muscoid flies from the Andean and Pacific Coast regions of South America. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 43(1935):301-367. [ Links ]

TOWNSEND, C.H.T. 1917. Second paper on Brazilian Muscoidea collected by Herbert H. Smith. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 37(6):221-233. [ Links ]

TOWNSEND, C.H.T. 1919. New genera and species of muscoid flies. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 56(2301):541-592. [ Links ]

TOWNSEND, C.H.T. 1927. Synopse dos gêneros muscoideos da região húmida tropical da America, com gêneros e espécies novas. Revista do Museu Paulista, 15:203-385. [ Links ]

TOWNSEND, C.H.T. 1928. New Muscoidea from humid tropical South America. Wiener Entomologische Zeitung, 44:143-154. [ Links ]

TOWNSEND, C.H.T. 1929. New species of humid tropical American Muscoidea (Sic). Revista Chilena de Historia Natural, 32[1928]:365-382. [ Links ]

TOWNSEND, C.H.T. 1931. Notes on American Oestromuscoid types. Revista de Entomologia, 1:65-104, 157-182. [ Links ]

TOWNSEND, C.H.T. 1935. New South America oestroidea (Dipt.). Revista de Entomologia, 5 (2):216-233. [ Links ]

TOWNSEND, C.H.T. 1937. New fly parasites of Dysdercus. Revista de Entomologia, 7:316-318. [ Links ]

TOWNSEND, C.H.T. 1938. New fly parasites of Dysdercus. Revista de Entomologia, 8:(3-4), 347-348. [ Links ]

TOWNSEND, C.H.T. 1940. New oestroid flies from Brazil. Revista de Entomologia, 11:889-894. [ Links ]

WIEDEMANN, C.R.W. 1830. Aussereuropäische zweiflügelige Insekten. Schulz, Hamm, Zweiter Theil, xii + 684pp. [ Links ]

WOOD, D.M. 1985. A taxonomic conspectus of the Blondeliini of North and Central America and the West Indies (Diptera: Tachinidae). Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 132, 1-132. [ Links ]

WOODLEY, N.E. 2007. A new species of Jurinella (Diptera: Tachinidae) from the Dominican Republic with a key to genera of the tribe Tachinini from the Caribbean. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 109:856-862. [ Links ]

WULP, F.M. VAN DER. 1888-1903. Insecta. Diptera. In: GODMAN, F.D. & SALVIN, O. (Eds.). Biologia Centrali Americana, or, contributions to the knowledge of the fauna and flora of Mexico and Central America. Zoologia. Class Insecta. Order Diptera. London, Taylor & Francis. v. 2, x + 489p. [ Links ]

WULP, F.M. VAN DER. 1891. Fam. Muscidae (cont.) In: GODMAN, F.D. & SALVIN, O. (Eds.). Biologia Centrali-Americana or, contributions to the knowledge of the fauna and flora of Mexico and Central America. Zoologia. Class Insecta. Order Diptera. London, Taylor & Francis. v. 2, p. 209-224; 225-248; 249-264 (cont.). [ Links ]

Received: November 03, 2016; Accepted: November 17, 2016

2

E-mail: silvionihei@gmail.com

3

E-mail: rodrigodios@gmail.com

Creative Commons License This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License