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Acta Amazonica

Print version ISSN 0044-5967

Abstract

DORIA, Carolina Rodrigues da Costa; RUFFINO, Mauro Luis; HIJAZI, Násser Cavalcante  and  CRUZ, Ricardo Lopes da. The Commercial fisheries of the Madeira river basin in the Rondônia state, brazilian Amazon. Acta Amaz. [online]. 2012, vol.42, n.1, pp.29-40. ISSN 0044-5967.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0044-59672012000100004.

This study presents qualitative and quantitative information about commercial fishery in the basin of the Madeira River, tributary of the Amazon River, describing the fishing activity in the segment between Guajará-Mirim and Porto Velho, in Rondônia State. From January to December/2004, 219 fishermen and 935 trips were registered, corresponding to the capture of 460 t of fish. Data from fish landings demonstrate that fisheries in the region are small-scaled and point to a higher participation of small motorized canoes (130 units) than of fishing boats (45 units; average capacity: 3000 kg) in the fishing fleet. Migratory species like jaraqui (Semaprochilodus spp.), dourada (Brachyplatystoma rousseauxii), sardinha (Triportheus spp.), jatuarana/matrinxã (Brycon amazonicus e B. cephalus), curimatã (Prochilodus nigricans) and filhote (Brachyplatystoma filamentosum) were the most important in terms of landings. The technical information produced are very important in order to subsidize fishery management, as well as to assess future variations that might happen due to the hydro-electric enterprises under construction in the region.

Keywords : fishing production; fisherman; fishing effort; fisheries.

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