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Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira

Print version ISSN 0100-736XOn-line version ISSN 1678-5150

Abstract

JUNIOR, João Luiz R.; GIOSO, Marco A.  and  DOMINGUES-FALQUEIRO, Léslie M.. A comparative study about the prevalence of periodontal disease in Panthera onca, living in captivity and in the wild. Pesq. Vet. Bras. [online]. 2007, vol.27, n.5, pp.209-214. ISSN 0100-736X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-736X2007000500005.

The aim was to survey the main oral lesions related with periodontal disease of jaguars, Panthera onca, living in captivity or in the wild, as conservation of threatened animals from extinction, as in case of the jaguar, and the preservation of such species in free life may be determined by environmental conditions which can influence oral health. Forty-two jaguars (P. onca) kept in captivity in 18 institutions in the state of São Paulo were studied. The animals to be examined were anesthetized by the Plan of Neotropical Handling of Felids. Additionally, 4 jaguars (P. onca) proceeding from wild life were captured for the study on Farm Sete, municipality of Miranda, Mato Grosso do Sul, in the southern Pantanal. All animals surveyed in captivity showed various degrees of oral lesions related to periodontal disease. The animals living in the wild did not present any clinical signs of oral lesions.

Keywords : Felidae; Panthera onca; captivity animals; stomatognathic system; periodontal disease.

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