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Revista Brasileira de Zoologia

Print version ISSN 0101-8175

Rev. Bras. Zool. vol.17 no.4 Curitiba Dec. 2000

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81752000000400004 

Distributional patterns and possible origins of the tribes and genera of Coelidiinae (Homoptera, Membracoidea, Cicadellidae)

 

 

Mervin W. NielsonI; William J. KnightII; Yalin ZhangIII

IMonte L. Bean Museum, Brigham Young University. Provo, UT 84604, USA
IIThe Natural History Museum. Cromwell Road, SW7 5BD, London, UK
IIINorthwestern Agricultural University. Yangling, China

 

 


ABSTRACT

Leafhoppers are well known biological indicators of zoogeographical regions owing, in part, to their phytodependency, high host plant specificity and relatively low vagility. In this connection, we discuss distributional patterns and possible zoogeographical origins of nine constituent tribes and their genera of the pantropical subfamily Coelidiinae. Among 118 known genera, only eight currently occupy more than one zoogeographical region, indicating an extremely high endemic profile which supports the proposed centers of origin and relatively low rate of intercontinental dispersal. The pantropical tribe Coelidiini is suggested as the basal group of the subfamily which is believed to have arisen prior to continental drift (late Jurassic-early Cretaceous) because there appears to be no other evidence at the present time to explain its near cosmopolitan distribution. Possible origins of three Old World tribes, Hikangiini (Ethiopian), Thagriini (Oriental) and Thanini (Australian) and four New World -(Neotropical) tribes, Teruliini, Tinobregmini, Gabritini and Sandersellini are elucidated. The tribe Youngolidiini occupies the Neotropical and Ethiopian realms but its origin is problematical. There appears to be ample evidence that origin/dispersal patterns are related to the geological history of the areas occupied by its faunal members.

Key words: Homoptera, Membracoidea, Cicadellidae, Coelidiinae, distributional patterns


 

 

Full text available only in PDF format.

 

 

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. The authors express their appreciation to two anonymous reviewers and the following reviewers who offered substantive suggestions for improving the content and textual expressions in this paper: Raymond Gill, California Department of Food & Agriculture, Sacramento, USA; Gabriel Mejdalani, Departamento de Entomologia, Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil and J.A. Quartau, Departamento de Zoologia e Antropologia, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal. We thank Dr. Aiping Liang, Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica, Beijing, China for the preliminary character analysis of the tribes that indicated division of Youngolidiini into two separate tribes.

 

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Recebido em 28.X.1999; aceito em 02.X.2000.

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