SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.19 suppl.1Oviposition behavior of Bruchidae (Coleoptera) seed predators of Cassia leptophylla Vogel (Caesalpinaceae), egg rnorphology and description of a new speciesStonefly (Plecoptera) fauna of streams in a mountainous area of Central Brazil: abiotic factors and nymph density author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links


Revista Brasileira de Zoologia

Print version ISSN 0101-8175

Rev. Bras. Zool. vol.19  supl.1 Curitiba July 2002 

Stonefly (Plecoptera) fauna in a mountainous area of Central Brazil: composition and adult phenology



Pitágoras C. BispoI; Cláudio G. FroehlichI; Leandro G. OliveiraII

IDepartamento de Biologia, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo. Avenida Bandeirantes 3900, 14040-901 Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brasil. E-mail: and
IIDepartamento de Biologia Geral, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Goiás. Campus Samambaia, Caixa Postal 131, 74001-970 Goiânia, Goiás, Brasil. E-mail:




A survey of the stonefly (Plecoptera) fauna of streams of the Almas River basin, Pirenópolis, Goiás State, Central Brazil, is presented as well as data of some factors that could affeet the temporal distribution of the adults. For checking adult phenology, light sources were used in three stations from June 1993 to Jully 1994. The sampled individuais were identified to species or morphospecies, as possible. In this study, 301 individuais belonging to the perlid genera Anacroneuria Klapálek, 1909, Kempnyia Klapálek, 1916 and Macrogynoplax Enderlein, 1909 were collected. Adults of most species were collected along the studied period, except for those of Kempnyia that were restricted to the warm-rainy season, the same pattern for this genus in southeastern Brazil. Although adults of most species were collected along most of the studied period, the largest number of adults was collected in the months with larger mean temperatures, showing a clear seasonality in abundance.

Key Words: Plecoptera, Central Brazil, adult phenology, seasonality



Full text available only in PDF format.

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.



ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. To FUNAPE-UFG for financial support during field work; to CAPES and to FAPESP (proc. 98/11074-3) for scholarships to the first author; to CNPq for a research fellowship to the second (301247/96-0) and third (300833/98-9) authors.



BACHMANN, A.O. 1995. Insecta Plecoptera, p. 1093-1111. In: E.C. LOPRETTO & G. TELL (Eds). Ecosistemas de Aguas Continentales. Metodologias para su Estudio. La Plata, Ediciones Sur, Vol. 3, p. 897-1401.         [ Links ]

BENEDETTO, L. 1974. Clave para la determinacion de los plecopteros Sudamericanos. Stud. Neotrop. Fauna Environ. 9: 141-170         [ Links ]

DIETERICH, M. & N.H. ANDERSON. 1995. Life cycles and food habitats of mayflies and stoneflies from temporary streams in western Oregon. Freshw. Biol. 34: 47-60.         [ Links ]

DUFFIELD, R.M. & C.H. NELSON. 1990. Seasonal emergence patterns and diversity of Plecoptera on Big Hunting Creek, Maryland, with a checklist of the stoneflies of Maryland Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 92 (1): 120-126.         [ Links ]

FERREIRA, M.J.N. & C.G. FROEHLICH. 1992. Estudo da Fauna Ephemeroptera (Insecta) do Córrego do Pedregulho (Pedregulho, SP, Brasil) com aspectos da biologia de Thraulodes schlingeri Traver & Edmunds, 1967. Revta bras. Ent. 36 (3): 541-548.         [ Links ]

FROEHLICH, C.G. 1969. Studies on Brazilian Plecoptera 1. Some Gripopterygidae from the Biological Station at Paranapiacaba, State of São Paulo. Beitr. Neotrop. Fauna 6 (1): 17-39.         [ Links ]

_____. 1984a. Brazilian Plecoptera 2. Species of the serrana group of Kempnyia (Plecoptera). Aquatic Insects 6 (3): 137-147.         [ Links ]

_____. 1984b. Brazilian Plecoptera 3. Macrogynoplax veneranda sp. n. (Perlidae: Acroneuriinae). Annals Limnol. 20 (1-2): 39-42.         [ Links ]

_____. 1984c. Brazilian Plecoptera 4. Nymphs of perlid genera from southeastern Brazil. Annals Limnol. 20 (1-2): 43-48.         [ Links ]

_____. 1988. Brazilian Plecoptera 5. Old and new species of Kempnya (Perlidae). Aquatic Insects 10 (3): 153-170.         [ Links ]

_____. 1990. Brazilian Plecoptera 6. Gripopteryx from Campos do Jordão, State of São Paulo (Gripopterygidae). Stud. Neotrop. Fauna Environ. 25 (4): 235-247.         [ Links ]

_____. 1991. Flight periods of Kempnyia and Macrogynoplax (Plecoptera: Perlidae) in southeastern Brazil, p. 353-357. In: J. ALBA-TERCEDOR & A. SANCHEZ-ORTEGA (Eds). Overview and strategies of Ephemeroptera and Plecoptera. Gainesville, Sandhill Press, XIV+558p.         [ Links ]

_____. 1994. Brazilian Plecoptera 8. On Paragripopteryx (Gripopterygidae). Aquatic Insects 16 (3): 1-13.         [ Links ]

_____. 1998. Seven new species of Tupiperla (Plecoptera: Gripopterygidae) from Brazil, with a revision of the genus. Stud. Neotrop. Fauna Environ. 33: 19-36.         [ Links ]

_____. 2000. Biological observations on Tupiperla (Plecoptera: Gripopterygidae). Rev. Brasil. Biol. 60 (3): 447-450.         [ Links ]

_____. 2001. Guaranyperla, a new genus in the Gripopterygidae (Plecoptera). Trends in Research in Ephemeroptera and Plecoptera. New York, Kluwer/Plenum, XIII+478p.         [ Links ]

FROEHLICH, C.G. & L.G. OLIVEIRA. 1997. Ephemeroptera and Plecoptera nymphs from riffles in low-order streams in southeastern Brazil, p. 180-185. In: P. LANDOLT & M. SARTORI (Eds). Ephemeroptera & Plecoptera: Biology-Ecology-Systematics. Fribourg, MTL, XI+569p.         [ Links ]

FRUTIGER, A. 1987. Investigations on the life-history of the stonefly Dinocras cephalotes Curt. (Plecoptera: Perlidae). Aquatic Insects 9 (1): 51-63.         [ Links ]

HYNES, H.B.N. 1970. The Ecology of Running Waters. Liverpool, University Press, XXIV+555p.         [ Links ]

_____. 1976. Biology of Plecoptera. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 21: 135-153.         [ Links ]

JEWETT JR., S.G .. 1960. Notes and descriptions concerning Brazilian stoneflies (Plecoptera). Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 50: 167-184.         [ Links ]

NIMER, E. 1989. Climatologia do Brasil. Rio de Janeiro, IBGE, 421p.         [ Links ]

RIBEIRO-FERREIRA, A.C. & C.G. FROEHLICH. 1999. New species of Macrogynoplax Enderlein 1909 from north Brazil (Plecoptera: Perlidae: Acroneurinae). Aquatic Insects 21: 133-140.         [ Links ]

STARK, B.P. & P. ZWICK. 1989. New species of Macrogynoplax from Venezuela and Surinam (Plecoptera: Perlidae). Aquatic Insects 11 (4): 274-255.         [ Links ]

VANZOLINI, P.E. & N. PAPAVERO. 1967. Manual de Coleta e Preparação de Animais Terrestres e de Água Doce. São Paulo, Secretaria de Estado da Agricultura de São Paulo, 223p.         [ Links ]

WARD, J.V. & J.A. STANFORD. 1982. Thermal responses in the evolutionary ecology of aquatic insects. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 27: 97-117.         [ Links ]

ZWICK, P. 1972. Die Plecopteren Pictets und Burmeisters, mil Angaben über weitere Arten (Insecta). Rev. Suisse Zool. 78 (58): 1123-1194.         [ Links ]

_____. 1973. Die Plecopteren Arten Enderleins (Insect); Revision dertypen. Annals. Zool. 30 (16): 471-507.         [ Links ]

_____. 1976. Neoperla (Plecoptera, Perlidae) emerging from a mountain stream in Central Africa. Int. Rev. Ges. Hydrobiol. 61 (5): 683-697.         [ Links ]



Received in 23.III.2001; accepted in 05.VII.2002.

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License