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Revista de Nutrição

Print version ISSN 1415-5273

Abstract

CORDEIRO, Mariana de Morais; MONEGO, Estelamaris Tronco  and  MARTINS, Karine Anusca. Overweight in Goiás'quilombola students and food insecurity in their families. Rev. Nutr. [online]. 2014, vol.27, n.4, pp.405-412. ISSN 1415-5273.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1415-52732014000400002.

Objective:

To characterize the nutritional status of quilombola students and determine the food security status of their households.

Methods:

This is a cross-sectional study with students aged six to nineteen years from quilombola communities in twelve municipalities of Goiás categorized by age, gender, school location (urban/rural), and nutritional status based on the World Health Organization's height-for-age and body mass index for-age charts. The Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale was used for measuring food (in)security in their families. Descriptive and association analyses were conducted using the Chi-square test at a significance level of 5% (p<0.05).

Results:

In a sample of 226 students, overweight (17.2%) was more common than malnutrition (1.3%), especially in students attending urban schools (28.2%) (p<0.05). Most (75.2%) quilombola families experienced food insecurity, especially mild.

Conclusion:

The apparent contradiction of excess weight and food insecurity occurring simultaneously indicates the need of revising the study instruments and the causal network that identify poverty.

Keywords : African continental ascestry; Food security; Nutritional status; School feeding.

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