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Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais

Print version ISSN 1516-0572

Abstract

DIAS, M.G.; CANTO-DOROW, T.S.; COELHO, A.P.D.  and  TEDESCO, S.B.. Antiproliferative and genotoxic effects of Mikania cordifolia (LF) Willd. (Asteraceae) on the cell cycle of Allium cepa L.. Rev. bras. plantas med. [online]. 2014, vol.16, n.2, pp.202-208. ISSN 1516-0572.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-05722014000200006.

Potential medicinal plants have been widely used for the treatment of diseases in Brazil. The objective of this study was to evaluate the genotoxic and antiproliferative effects of infusions of Mikania cordifolia (LF) Willd. on the cell cycle of Allium cepa L. Two populations were collected in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. For each one, two treatments were prepared in different concentrations: 4g/500mL and 16g/500mL. A positive control consisting of 10% glyphosate in 90% water, which is an herbicide widely used and known for its genotoxic potential, was also prepared. Distilled water was used as negative control. After a 24-hour period, the infusion of the root tips was collected, fixed in ethanol-acetic acid (3:1) for 24 hours and stored in 70% ethanol. Cells were analyzed in all phases of the cell cycle of A. cepa, a total of 2500, for each group of bulbs. The mitotic index (MI) was calculated and statistically analyzed by the χ2 test at 5%. Results showed that, in both populations of M. cordifolia, a reduction of the MI in all treatments compared with the negative control was observed. In both populations, an increase in the mitotic index values was obtained with increasing concentration of the infusion. Chromosomal aberrations were observed in both populations studied. In conclusion, infusions of M. cordifolia possess antiproliferative and mutagenic effects for the concentrations tested on the cell cycle of A. cepa.

Keywords : Medicinal plant; genotoxicity; mitotic index; Mikania cordifolia.

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