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On-line version ISSN 1677-6119
Int. braz j urol. vol.33 no.4 Rio de Janeiro July/Aug. 2007
Antonio J. Tavares; Rodrigo Barros; Luciano A. Favorito
Section of Urology, Souza Aguiar Municipal Hospital, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
The objective of this study is to describe the case of a patient presenting advanced epidermoid carcinoma of the penis associated to myiasis. A 41yearold patient presenting with a necrotic lesion of the distal third of the penis infested with myiasis was attended in the emergency room of our hospital and was submitted to an urgent penectomy. This is the first case of penile cancer associated to myiasis described in the literature. This case reinforces the need for educative campaigns to reduce the incidence of this disease in developing countries.
Key words: penis; penile cancer; myiasis; amputation
Penile cancer is a rare neoplasia with low incidence in developed countries (0.1 0.9/100.000 in Europe and 0.7 0.9/100.000 in the United States). In developing countries, the incidence of this neoplasia is alarming with indexes that reach 2.9 6.8/100.000 in Brazil and 2 10.5/100.000 in India (1). Myiasis is defined as a disease caused by the infestation by larvae or maggots, of numerous species of flies (2). The occurrence of myiasis in the genitalia is rare. The objective of this article is to describe a case of myiasis in a patient presenting carcinoma epidermoid of the penis.
A 41 yearold patient came to the emergency room of our hospital presenting with dehydration, fever, paleness and claiming of strong pain in the genital region. On physical examination, we noticed an extensive necrotic lesion affecting the distal third of the penis (Figure1A). We have also observed the presence of gross keratinizations in the lesion and an intense infestation due to myiasis (Figure1B). The patient was previously healthy and had been hospitalized 2 years before to be submitted to a postectomy in another hospital. At the time of postectomy, a suspicious lesion in the gland was biopsied; however, the patient abandoned the treatment without knowing the result of the biopsy.
The patient was admitted, receiving hydration and venous antibiotic therapy, being immediately sent to the surgical unit, after the laboratorial exams were assessed. An urgent partial penectomy was performed with a safety margin of 2 cm and preservation of approximately 4 cm of the penile stump. The result of the pathology examination revealed a highgrade epidermoid carcinoma of the penis. The patient presented good evolution and is now in an outpatient follow up.
Myiasis is the infestation of the organs or tissues of host animals by the larval stages of dipterous flies, usually known as maggots or grubs. The fly larvae feed directly on the host's necrotic or living tissue, or in ulcerated mucosa and cavities (2). The most common form in men is in the skin, where the species Dermatobia hominis is the most common. The severity of the condition depends on the location and the degree of tissue destruction (2).
Penile cancer is very common in Brazil and the main risk factors of this neoplasia is phimosis, local chronic irritation, lack of personal hygiene and HPV types 16 and 18, that are present in around 50% of the patients with penile cancer. Neonatal postectomy is a significant protection factor for the occurrence of penile cancer (3).
In the present case, we observed a typical example of a misinformed individual, with precarious hygiene habits, leading to the aggravation of a condition that could have a less aggressive treatment in the initial phase. This is the first case of myiasis in a penile carcinoma described in the literature and serves as a warning, reinforcing the need to implement educating campaigns on penile cancer in developing countries.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
1. Solsona E, Algaba F, Horenblas S, Pizzocaro G, Windahl T; European Association of Urology: EAU Guidelines on Penile Cancer. Eur Urol. 2004; 46: 18. [ Links ]
2. Passos MR, Barreto NA, Varella RQ, Rodrigues GH, Lewis DA: Penile myiasis: a case report. Sex Transm Infect. 2004; 80: 1834. [ Links ]
3. Schoen EJ, Oehrli M, Colby C, Machin G: The highly protective effect of newborn circumcision against invasive penile cancer. Pediatrics. 2000; 105: E36. [ Links ]
Dr. Luciano Alves Favorito
Rua Professor Gabizo 104/201
Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 20271320, Brazil
Accepted after revision: November 24, 2006