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Cadernos Metrópole

Print version ISSN 1517-2422On-line version ISSN 2236-9996

Abstract

MENDES, Luís. Tourism gentrification in Lisbon: neoliberalism, financialization and austerity urbanism in the period of the 2008-2009 capitalist post-crisis. Cad. Metrop. [online]. 2017, vol.19, n.39, pp.479-512. ISSN 1517-2422.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2236-9996.2017-3906.

In this paper, I intend to identify important drivers of the financialisation of the built environment and of the real state sector that are at the root of the wave of tourism gentrification that has been occurring in Lisbon in the last decade. The recent neoliberal turn in urban policy in Portugal will be analyzed, as it is responsible for creating the conditions for an austerity urbanism, legitimating the ideology of the "natural" and "inevitable" necessity of touristification in Lisbon’s historic districts, in the period of the 2008-2009 capitalist post-crisis. In the rhetoric of urban marketing and neoliberal rationality, this neoconservative turn in city government aims to make Lisbon a more competitive city, attracting foreign investment, visitors, tourists, tying the flows of real estate capital to its built environment, in a frame of globalization of competition between cities and places.

Keywords : tourism gentrification; financialisation; neoliberal urban policy; austerity urbanism; Lisbon..

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