Revista de Microbiologia
versão impressa ISSN 0001-3714
ANDRADE, Carolina M.M.C.; PEREIRA JR., Nei e ANTRANIKIAN, Garo. Extremely thermophilic microorganisms and their polymer-hidrolytic enzymes . Rev. Microbiol. [online]. 1999, vol.30, n.4, pp. 287-298. ISSN 0001-3714. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0001-37141999000400001.
Thermophilic and hyperthermophilic microorganisms are found as normal inhabitants of continental and submarine volcanic areas, geothermally heated sea-sediments and hydrothermal vents and thus are considered extremophiles. Several present or potential applications of extremophilic enzymes are reviewed, especially polymer-hydrolysing enzymes, such as amylolytic and hemicellulolytic enzymes. The purpose of this review is to present the range of morphological and metabolic features among those microorganisms growing from 70oC to 100°C and to indicate potential opportunities for useful applications derived from these features.
Palavras-chave : Archaea; extremophiles; amylases; xylanases; pullulanases; thermostability.