Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Print version ISSN 0001-3765
On-line version ISSN 1678-2690
NAVASCUES, JULIO; CALVENTE, RUTH; MARIN-TEVA, JOSÉ L. and CUADROS, MIGUEL A.. Entry, dispersion and differentiation of microglia in the developing central nervous system. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2000, vol.72, n.1, pp.91-102. ISSN 0001-3765. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0001-37652000000100013.
Microglial cells within the developing central nervous system (CNS) originate from mesodermic precursors of hematopoietic lineage that enter the nervous parenchyma from the meninges, ventricular space and/or blood stream. Once in the nervous parenchyma, microglial cells increase in number and disperse throughout the CNS; these cells finally differentiate to become fully ramified microglial cells. In this article we review present knowledge on these phases of microglial development and the factors that probably influence them.
Keywords : microglia; hematopoietic lineage; meninges; migration; proliferation.