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Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências

versão impressa ISSN 0001-3765versão On-line ISSN 1678-2690

Resumo

RICCOMINI, Claudio; NOGUEIRA, Afonso C.R.  e  SIAL, Alcides N.. Carbon and oxygen isotope geochemistry of Ediacaran outer platform carbonates, Paraguay Belt, central Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2007, vol.79, n.3, pp.519-527. ISSN 0001-3765.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0001-37652007000300012.

After the late Cryogenian glaciation the central region of Brazil was the site of extensive deposition of platformal carbonates of the Araras Group. This group includes a basal cap carbonate sequence succeeded by transgressive, deep platform deposits of bituminous lime mudstone and shale. Facies and stratigraphic data combined with carbon and oxygen isotopic analyses of the most complete section of the transgressive deposits, exposed in the Guia syncline, were used to evaluate the depositional paleoenvironment and to test the correlation of these deposits along the belt and with other units worldwide. The studied succession consists of 150 m thick tabular beds of black to grey lime mudstone and shale with predominantly negative d13CPDB values around -2.5 to -1‰ . The d13CPDB profile of Guia syncline shows a clear correlation with the upper portion of Guia Formation in the Cáceres region, about 200 km to the southwest. The d13CPDB profile of the Araras Group is comparable with d13CPDB profiles of Ediacaran units of the southern Paraguay Belt, western Canada, and the Congo and Kalahari cratons. Moreover, facies distribution, stratigraphy and the carbon isotopic profile of the Araras Group match the middle Tsumeb Subgroup in Namibia, which reinforces the Ediacaran age assigned to the Araras Group.

Palavras-chave : carbon and oxygen isotopes; Ediacaran; Araras Group; Guia Formation; Amazon Craton; glaciation.

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