Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
versión impresa ISSN 0001-3765
CHIARI, Brasília M. y GOULART, Bárbara N. G.. The role of research methodology in the rational use of technology in monitoring and preventing communication disorders. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2009, vol.81, n.3, pp. 497-502. ISSN 0001-3765. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0001-37652009000300014.
Studies showing stronger scientific evidence related to speech, language and hearing pathology (SLP) have an impact on the prevention and rehabilitation of human communication and gained ground in SLP research agenda. In this paper we discuss some aspects and directions that should be considered for in-depth knowledge about speech, language and hearing needs in different population groups (age group, gender and other variables according to specific related disorders) for improved comprehensive care, successful efforts and effective use of financial and human resources. It is also discussed the decision making process for requesting complementary evaluations and tests, from routine to highly complex ones, that should be based on each test and/or procedure and their contribution to the diagnosis and therapeutic planning. In fact, it is crucial to have reliable parameters for planning, preventing and treating human communication and its related disorders. Epidemiology, biostatistics and social sciences can contribute with more specific information in human communication sciences and guide more specific studies on the international science and technology agenda, improving communication sciences involvement in the international health-related scientific scenario.
Palabras llave : communication disorders; diagnosis of health situation; epidemiology; epidemiologic measurements; needs assessment; cost-effectiveness evaluation.