Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
versão impressa ISSN 0001-3765
DANTAS, Ênio W.; MOURA, Ariadne N. e BITTENCOURT-OLIVEIRA, Maria do Carmo. Cyanobacterial blooms in stratified and destratified eutrophic reservoirs in semi-arid region of Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2011, vol.83, n.4, pp. 1327-1338. ISSN 0001-3765. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0001-37652011000400019.
This study investigated the dynamics of cyanobacteria in two deep, eutrophic reservoirs in a semi-arid region of Brazil during periods of stratification and destratification. Four collections were carried out at each reservoir at two depths at three-month intervals. The following abiotic variables were analyzed: water temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, turbidity, water transparency, total phosphorus, total dissolved phosphorus, orthophosphate and total nitrogen. Phytoplankton density was quantified for the determination of the biomass of cyanobacteria. The data were analyzed using CCA. Higher mean phytoplankton biomass values (29.8 mm3.L-1) occurred in the period of thermal stratification. A greater similarity in the phytoplankton communities also occurred in this period and was related to the development of cyanobacteria, mainly Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (>3.9 mm3.L-1). During the period of thermal destratification, this species co-dominated the environment with Planktothrix agardhii, Geitlerinema amphibium, Microcystis aeruginosa and Merismopedia tenuissima, as well as with diatoms and phytoflagellates. Environmental instability and competition among algae hindered the establishment of blooms more during the mixture period than during the stratification period. Thermal changes in the water column caused by climatologic events altered other physiochemical conditions of the water, leading to changes in the composition and biomass of the cyanobacterial community in tropical reservoirs.
Palavras-chave : biomass; Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii; seasonal dynaics; theral pattern.