Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
versão impressa ISSN 0001-3765
LIMA, Ana R. et al. Caring about medullary anesthesia in Saimiri sciureus: the conus medullaris topography. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2011, vol.83, n.4, pp. 1339-1344. ISSN 0001-3765. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0001-37652011000400020.
Saimiri sciureus is a New World non-human primate (NHP) that inhabits Brazilian rain forests. Surgical interventions in wild NHPs can be considered common both for experimental studies procedures and corrective procedures for endangered species. Among various anesthetic procedures, the epidural anesthesia or blockades, depending on the surgical procedure, might be considered elective for wild monkeys, mostly based on its safeness, efficiency and non-time consuming characteristics. However its safeness would be limiting because of the spinal cord arrangement. Notwithstanding the available former studies on New World NHP anatomy, the description of the medullar cone of Saimiri sciureus is still scarce. Therefore, we believe that the better understanding the medullar cone of Saimiri sciureus would contribute to improve the applicability of epidural procedures in the species. Vertebrae architecture of Saimiri sciureus was composed by 9 lumbar, 3 sacral and 18 coccygeal vertebrae, and the medullar cone measured about 3.3 cm. We can conclude that the conus medullaris in Saimiri sciureus is situated more caudally in comparison to other species.
Palavras-chave : anatomy; conus medullaris; epidural anaesthesia; Saimiri sciureus.