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BEVILACQUA, Luiz; GALEAO, Augusto C.N.R.  and  COSTA, Flavio P.. A new analytical formulation of retention effects on particle diffusion processes. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2011, vol.83, n.4, pp.1443-1464.  Epub Sep 30, 2011. ISSN 0001-3765.

The ultimate purpose of this paper is to present a new analytical formulation to simulate diffusion with retention in a reactive medium under stable thermodynamic conditions. The analysis of diffusion with retention in a continuum medium is developed after the solution of an equivalent problem using a discrete approach. The new law may be interpreted as the reduction of all diffusion processes with retention to a unifying phenomenon that can adequately simulate the retention effect namely a circulatory motion. It is remarkable that the governing equation requires a fourth order differential term as suggested by the discrete approach. The relative fraction of diffusion particles β is introduced as a control parameter in the diffusion-retention law as suggested by the discrete approach. This control parameter is essential to avoid retention isolated from the diffusion process. Two matrices referring to material properties are introduced and related to the real phenomenon through the circulation hypothesis. The governing equation may be highly non-linear even if the material properties are constant, but the retention effect is a function of the concentration level, that is, β is a function of the concentration.

Keywords : diffusion; retention; constitutive law; discrete approach; population dynamics; fourth order differential equations.

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