Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
versión impresa ISSN 0001-3765
BEZERRA, Dandara M.M. et al. Influence of tides and winds on fishing techniques and strategies in the Mamanguape River Estuary, Paraíba State, NE Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2012, vol.84, n.3, pp. 775-788. Epub 17-Jul-2012. ISSN 0001-3765. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0001-37652012005000046.
This work was carried out in two small fishing communities, Barra de Mamanguape and Tramataia, Northeastern Brazil. The aim was to study these traditional fishermen's knowledge and perception about tide and wind classifications, as well as their fishing strategies and techniques. Our research methodology involved various techniques: free interviews and semi-structured ones, guided tours and direct observations. The results obtained show the fishermen's classification of the tides according to the phases of the moon: 'breaking tide', 'flushing tide', 'dead tide' and 'big tide' designated technically these last as neap tide and spring tide, respectively. Wind is also an essential factor for the fishermen to make successful catches, and they classify it according to direction: North, South, East, Southeast, Southwest, Northeast and Northwest. The data show that fishermen's knowledge can also be useful in devising plans for management and conservation studies for this estuary.
Palabras clave : Artisanal fishing; ethnoictihology; fish; fishing communities; lunar-tide cycle.