Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
versão impressa ISSN 0001-3765
SILVA, Cesar A. e MADUREIRA, Luiz A.S.. Source correlation of biomarkers in a mangrove ecosystem on Santa Catarina Island in southern Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2012, vol.84, n.3, pp. 589-604. Epub 10-Jul-2012. ISSN 0001-3765. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0001-37652012005000042.
The relative distribution of several compounds identified in four samples of recently deposited sediments of the Itacorubi Mangrove located on the Santa Catarina Island, southern Brazil, was compared with similar data on compounds extracted from fresh leaves of three mangrove species (Avicennia schaueriana, the dominant species in the area, Rhizophora mangle and Laguncularia racemosa) and the Gramineae Spartinna alterniflora. Terpenols, previously identified in mangrove species in northern Brazil, were also found. A. schaueriana mainly contains β-amyrin (90.6 μg g-1 of extractable organic matter); low amounts of friedelin, betulin and germanicol were detected only in the leaf extract of this species. R. mangle also contained a significant amount of β-amyrin and it was the only species where taraxerol was detected. In contrast to the leaves, sediment extracts were dominated by germanicol, α-amyrin and campesterol. Despite its chemical lability, betulin was also detected. Two homologous series of α and ω-hydroxy fatty acids were detected in the acid-alkaline fraction. In spite of being reported in the literature as components of terrigenous plants, saturated ω-hydroxy acids were not identified. Our results indicate that although triterpenols may be used as biomarkers for mangrove-derived organic matter, their relative distribution can change according to the region.
Palavras-chave : biomarkers; leaf; mangrove; Santa Catarina; sediment.