Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Print version ISSN 0001-3765
ROCHA, Michelle S.P. et al. Use of fishing resources by women in the Mamanguape River Estuary, Paraíba state, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2012, vol.84, n.4, pp. 1189-1199. Epub Sep 18, 2012. ISSN 0001-3765. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0001-37652012005000060.
We evaluated the appropriation and use of fishing resources by women residing near the Mamanguape River Estuary (MRE), Paraíba state, Brazil. Were used combinations of qualitative (interviews and direct observations) and quantitative methods (use value and corrected principal use concordance). Thirty women were interviewed and reported the use of 41 species (30 fish, 8 crustaceans, and 3 mollusks), mainly for local consumption and sale. The species with the highest use value were Genidens genidens (0.7), Callinectes exasperatus (0.73) and Anomalocardia brasiliana (0.46). The diversity of resources exploited demonstrates the importance of the mangrove ecosystem to MRE families, and the data gathered can serve as a basis for formulating public policies to promote the equal participation of women in fishing and environmental conservation.
Keywords : fisher; fishing resources; mangrove; Mamanguape River Estuary.