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Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências

versão impressa ISSN 0001-3765

Resumo

BOTANICO, MARLI P.  e  ANGYALOSSY, VERONICA. Is the secondary thickening in palms always diffuse?. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2013, vol.85, n.4, pp.1461-1472. ISSN 0001-3765.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0001-37652013108612.

Unlike other arboreal monocotyledons, the secondary growth of palms has for the past 100 years been described as diffuse. Solely cell enlargement and random parenchyma divisions, without the activity of a meristem, characterize such growth. Some previous works of the early 20th century have, however, mentioned the presence of a secondary meristem in the stems of palms, but this information was forgotten since then. Addressing to this question, we analysed palm stems of four species, with the aim to understand the possible presence of such secondary growth. We found that a meristematic band occurs between the cortex and the central cylinder and gives rise to new vascular bundles and parenchyma internally, producing parenchyma and fibres externally. It appears secondarily, i.e., it undergoes meristematic activity in the median and basal stem regions, far away from the apical region. In fact, a meristematic band is present and may be more common than currently believed, but uneasy to detect in certain palms for being restricted to specific regions of their stems. In conclusion, the diffuse secondary thickening is here shown not to be the only mechanism of secondary growth in palms. The presence of a meristem band in the stems of palms merits careful reconsideration.

Palavras-chave : aerial stem; meristematic band; palms; secondary growth; stem anatomy; subterranean stem.

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