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Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências

Print version ISSN 0001-3765

Abstract

MISSAGIA, CAIO C.C.; VERCOZA, FÁBIO C.  and  ALVES, MARIA ALICE S.. Reproductive phenology and sharing of floral resource among hummingbirds (Trochilidae) in inflorescences ofDahlstedtia pinnata (Benth.) Malme. (Fabaceae) in the Atlantic forest. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2014, vol.86, n.4, pp.1693-1702.  Epub Nov 11, 2014. ISSN 0001-3765.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201420130134.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the reproductive phenology and sharing of floral resource (nectar) ofDahlstedtia pinnata (Benth.) Malme. (Fabaceae), endemic of Atlantic forest, among hummingbirds. For the phenology, we looked at the presence of reproductive structures in the plants, and for floral resource sharing, the frequency of potential pollinators and foraging behaviors were examined. This study was conducted in Pedra Branca State Park, in state of Rio de Janeiro, in a dense ombrophilous forest, between August 2010 and August 2011. Flowering occurred between December 2010 and March 2011, and fruiting between April and June 2011. Hummingbirds' foraging schedules differed significantly, with legitimate visits to the flowers occurring in the morning and illegitimate visits occurring during late morning and the afternoon. Five species visited flowers, three of which were legitimate visitors:Phaethornis ruber, P. pretrei, andRamphodon naevius. Amazilia fimbriata andThalurania glaucopis females only visited illegitimately.Phaethornis ruber robbed nectar (78% of illegitimate visits, n=337). Ramphodon naevius, with a territorial foraging behavior and a body size bigger than that of other observed hummingbird species, dominated the floral visits, which suggests thatD. pinnata is an important nourishing resource for this endemic bird of the Atlantic forest, currently globally categorized as Near Threatened.

Keywords : floral theft; foraging behavior; ornithophily; pollination.

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