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Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências

Print version ISSN 0001-3765

Abstract

AMORIM, JOANA D.C.G. DE; TRAVNIK, ISADORA  and  SOUSA, BERNADETE M. DE. Simplified three-dimensional model provides anatomical insights in lizards' caudal autotomy as printed illustration. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2015, vol.87, n.1, pp.63-70.  Epub Mar 13, 2015. ISSN 0001-3765.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201520130298.

Lizards' caudal autotomy is a complex and vastly employed antipredator mechanism, with thorough anatomic adaptations involved. Due to its diminished size and intricate structures, vertebral anatomy is hard to be clearly conveyed to students and researchers of other areas. Three-dimensional models are prodigious tools in unveiling anatomical nuances. Some of the techniques used to create them can produce irregular and complicated forms, which despite being very accurate, lack didactical uniformity and simplicity. Since both are considered fundamental characteristics for comprehension, a simplified model could be the key to improve learning. The model here presented depicts the caudal osteology of Tropidurus itambere, and was designed to be concise, in order to be easily assimilated, yet complete, not to compromise the informative aspect. The creation process requires only basic skills in manipulating polygons in 3D modeling softwares, in addition to the appropriate knowledge of the structure to be modeled. As reference for the modeling, we used microscopic observation and a photograph database of the caudal structures. This way, no advanced laboratory equipment was needed and all biological materials were preserved for future research. Therefore, we propose a wider usage of simplified 3D models both in the classroom and as illustrations for scientific publications.

Keywords : anatomy; 3D modeling; teaching; learning; Tropidurus itambere.

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