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Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências

Print version ISSN 0001-3765On-line version ISSN 1678-2690

Abstract

SOUZA, BRUNNA T.; ESTRADA, GUSTAVO C.D.; SOARES, MÁRIO L.G.  and  CALLADO, CÁTIA H.. Occurrence of annual growth rings in Rhizophora mangle in a region with low climate seasonality. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2016, vol.88, suppl.1, pp.517-525.  Epub Apr 29, 2016. ISSN 0001-3765.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201620150009.

The formation of annual growth rings has been confirmed for several mangrove species in the last decade, among which is the Rhizophora mangle. However, the record of annual rings for this species was made in a region with high hydric seasonality, a widely recognized induction factor of annual rings in tropical species. In this sense, the present study aimed to verify the occurrence of annual growth rings in R. mangle in the mangroves of Guaratiba (Rio de Janeiro, Southeastern Brazil), a region with low hydric seasonality. For this purpose, the crossdating technique was applied in ten trees collected with known age (seven years). The growth rings are characterized by alternating layers of low vessel density (earlywood) and high vessel density (latewood). Multiple regression analysis indicated that growth rings width variation is driven by precipitation, water surplus, water deficit and water storage. Crossdating analysis confirmed the existence of annual growth rings in the R. mangle in Guaratiba. This discovery in a region with low hydric seasonality increases the dendrocronological potential of this species and suggests the importance of biological factors (eg. phenological behavior) as complementary inductors for the formation of growth rings in this species.

Keywords : growth rings; dendrochronology; mangrove; dendroecology; proxy.

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