Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
versão impressa ISSN 0001-3765
versão On-line ISSN 1678-2690
RAMOS, LUAN S. et al. Popular medicinal uses of Calea uniflora Less. (Asteraceae) and its contribution to the study of Brazilian medicinal plants. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2016, vol.88, n.4, pp.2319-2330. ISSN 0001-3765. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201620160120.
Calea uniflora Less. is widely used in southern Santa Catarina (Brazil), but there are no scientific studies which support its use. Then, this study was proposed to determine of the percentage use of C. uniflora in a city of southern Brazil and documentation of the knowledge that the population has about this species. The survey was conducted with semi-structured interviews using a questionnaire applied to 372 participants. In analyzing the results, it was observed that of the 94.1% who recognized C. uniflora, 74.3% utilize it as a medicinal plant and 65.4% of such knowledge originates in childhood, mainly through the family (84.6%). 93% reported using inflorescences macerated in alcohol or rum; this extract is generally used topically for wound healing and muscle pain. Furthermore, some reported using small quantities of this extract orally to treat cold and flu. Regarding effectiveness and safety, 97% stated an improvement in symptoms with the use of the plant, while 98.5% stated that it has no toxicity. In light of these results, future phytochemical, pharmacological and toxicological analyses should be designed in order to ensure rational and safe use of this species.
Palavras-chave : Brazil; Calea uniflora; ethnobotanical studies; semi-structured interviews; traditional medicine.