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Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências

Print version ISSN 0001-3765On-line version ISSN 1678-2690

Abstract

MAIA, VALÉRIA C.  and  MASCARENHAS, BERNARDO. Insect Galls of the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia (Southeast Region, Brazil). An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2017, vol.89, n.1, suppl., pp.505-575. ISSN 0001-3765.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201720160877.

The Parque Nacional do Itatiaia (PNI) (Brazilian Southeast Region) was surveyed monthly for insect galls from February/2014 to December/ 2015. A total of 432 gall morphotypes were found. This number places the PNI as the richest Atlantic forest area in number of gall morphotypes. The galls were found on 47 plant families. Among them, Asteraceae were pointed out as the superhost. The gall richness in the lower part of the PNI is higher than that of the plateau. The insect galls were found in 154 native, 56 endemic and only one exotic plant species. Concerning the conservational status, the host plants include two vulnerable species with three morphotypes together. Several new botanical records were reported. Leaves were the most galled plant organ, followed by stems. Globoid, green, glabrous and one-chambered galls were the most frequent. Cecidomyiidae were the most common gallers. Parasitoids, successors and inquilines composed the associated fauna.

Keywords : Atlantic forest; Cecidomyiidae; insect-plant interactions; multitrophic relations; new records.

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