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Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências

Print version ISSN 0001-3765On-line version ISSN 1678-2690


AYUSO, DOLORES; GONZALEZ, ANA; PENA, FRANCISCO  and  IZQUIERDO, MERCEDES. Changes in adipose cells of Longissimus dorsi muscle in Iberian pigs raised under extensive conditions. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2018, vol.90, n.1, pp.247-253. ISSN 0001-3765.

Twenty-four Iberian castrated male pigs were used to characterize and evaluate the effect of the duration of “Montanera” in the adipocytes size and its relation with the backfat thickness and intramuscular fat. The animals were fed under extensive conditions during 30, 60 and 90 days in the “Dehesa” before slaughtered. Carcass weight, percentage of intramuscular fat, thickness of backfat and its three layers and adipocytes size of the intramuscular fat were obtained. The group which expended 90 days on fattening obtained the highest adipocytes, with an area higher by a 50% than those that only expended 30 days. The differences in diameter and perimeter adipocyte were not as marked as area. A significant positive correlation between the diameter, area and perimeter of adipocyte with the backfat thickness were found. The fat cells in Iberian pig hypertrophy during the “montanera stage”, being this increase significant from month to month in this period of fattening. Also, this adipocyte increase is correlated with the animal weight. The correlation between adipocyte size and inner layer of backfat shows that the inner layer obtained in live pig by ultrasound techniques could be a good marker of fat infiltration in pigs fattening in “montanera” system.

Keywords : extensive; adipocyte; backfat thickness; intramuscular fat.

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