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Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências

versão impressa ISSN 0001-3765versão On-line ISSN 1678-2690

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PEREIRA, ANDRESSA R.; SEDENHO, GRAZIELA C.; SOUZA, JOÃO C. P. DE  e  CRESPILHO, FRANK N.. Advances in enzyme bioelectrochemistry. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2018, vol.90, n.1, suppl.1, pp.825-857. ISSN 0001-3765.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201820170514.

Bioelectrochemistry can be defined as a branch of Chemical Science concerned with electron-proton transfer and transport involving biomolecules, as well as electrode reactions of redox enzymes. The bioelectrochemical reactions and system have direct impact in biotechnological development, in medical devices designing, in the behavior of DNA-protein complexes, in green-energy and bioenergy concepts, and make it possible an understanding of metabolism of all living organisms (e.g. humans) where biomolecules are integral to health and proper functioning. In the last years, many researchers have dedicated itself to study different redox enzymes by using electrochemistry, aiming to understand their mechanisms and to develop promising bioanodes and biocathodes for biofuel cells as well as to develop biosensors and implantable bioelectronics devices. Inside this scope, this review try to introduce and contemplate some relevant topics for enzyme bioelectrochemistry, such as the immobilization of the enzymes at electrode surfaces, the electron transfer, the bioelectrocatalysis, and new techniques conjugated with electrochemistry vising understand the kinetics and thermodynamics of redox proteins. Furthermore, examples of recent approaches in designing biosensors and biofuel developed are presented.

Palavras-chave : bioelectrocatalysis; biofuel cells; bioelectrochemistry; immobilization; protein-electrode interactions; redox enzymes.

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