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Print version ISSN 0001-3765On-line version ISSN 1678-2690


LEAL, PATRÍCIA L.; CARVALHO, TEOTONIO S. DE; SIQUEIRA, JOSÉ OSWALDO  and  MOREIRA, FATIMA M.S.. Assessment of the occurrence and richness of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal spores by direct analysis of field samples and trap culture - a comparative study. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2018, vol.90, n.2, suppl.1, pp.2359-2373.  Epub Aug 07, 2017. ISSN 0001-3765.

In this work, we hypothesized that two spore-based methods, direct analysis of field samples and trap cultures, simultaneously used for assessment of occurrence and species richness of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) may vary in their efficiency according to the environmental conditions and the total AMF species richness of the evaluated ecosystem. The performance of both methods was analyzed based on two datasets: 1) a complete site x species matrix compiled from two studies in different land uses in the Amazon using direct analysis of field samples and trap cultures. 2) Total number of AMF morphotypes detected by both methods in published manuscripts across several ecosystems. From dataset 1, direct analysis of field samples revealed 57 morphotypes, whereas only 21 of these were detected by trap culture. Community variation (beta diversity) analysis revealed that field samples are far more sensitive in detecting shifts in AMF community composition among land uses than trap cultures in the Amazon region, with the combined results of both methods being not better than that obtained only by direct analysis of field samples. Analysis of dataset 2 showed that the relative performance of trap cultures, using direct analysis of field sample as reference, was inversely related to the total observed AMF species richness.

Keywords : alpha and beta diversity; diversity assessment methods; Glomeromycota; spore counts; taxonomy.

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