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FREITAS, JOYCE S. et al. Mercury exposure of children living in Amazonian villages: influence of geographical location where they lived during prenatal and postnatal development. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2019, vol.91, suppl.1, e20180097.  Epub Apr 18, 2019. ISSN 0001-3765.

Abstract: Introduction: In some Amazonian river basins, hair mercury concentration is above the recommended levels. We evaluated the influence of birth geographical location in the hair mercury level of Amazonian riverine children. Materials and Methods: Hair mercury concentration was measured in 219 children living in four Amazonian riverine communities: Tapajós River (São Luiz do Tapajós and Barreiras villages, n = 110), Tocantins River (Limoeiro do Ajurú village, n = 61), and Caeté River (Caratateua village, n = 48). We used Poisson regression analysis to evaluate the association between native and non-native children from each village and its hair mercury concentration. Results: Higher mercury exposure was found in native children from São Luiz do Tapajós (range = 0.81-22.38 µg/g) followed by native children from Barreiras (range = 0.48-13.46 µg/g), non-native children from São Luiz do Tapajós (range = 0.26-22.18 µg/g), non-native children from Barreiras (range = 0.43-20.76 µg/g), followed by the children from Caeté and Tocantins river basins. We observed that Tapajós villages’ native children had higher prevalence of mercury exposure children than other children (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Birth geographical location has association to mercury levels in the hair of children who lived in a same community with history of mercury exposure.

Keywords : children development; mercury exposure; Tapajós River basin; Tocantins River basin; Caeté River basin.

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