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Print version ISSN 0001-3765On-line version ISSN 1678-2690


SHINOHARA, JORGE S.; GRASSESCHI, DANIEL; ALMEIDA, SABRINA N.  and  TOMA, HENRIQUE E.. Exploring the metallochromic behavior of pentacyanidoferrates in visual, electronic and Raman spot tests. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2019, vol.91, n.2, e20180315.  Epub Apr 25, 2019. ISSN 0001-3765.

Abstract: Pentacyanidoferrate(II) complexes of aromatic N-heterocycles, such as 4-cyanopyridine, exhibit characteristic colors and strong metallochromism associated with the donor-acceptor interactions of the metal ions with the cyanide ligands. In the presence of transition metal ions insoluble polymeric complexes are formed, displaying bright yellow, red, brown and green colors with zinc(II), nickel(II), copper(II) and iron(III) ions, respectively. Such metallochromic response is better observed on filter paper, allowing applications in analytical spot tests. The effects can be explored visually and probed by means of modern instrumental facilities, including spectrophotometric and resonance Raman techniques. In this way, by using the cyanopyridinepentacyanidoferrates, the Prussian Blue test for ferric ions can be extended to the entire row of transition metal elements, providing a new and modern insight of such classical Feigl’s spot tests.

Keywords : pentacyanidoferrates; Feigl spot tests; Prussian blue; resonance Raman; ring oven.

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